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Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Preface to the French edition. (search)
lic than for Transatlantic readers, to whom every incident of the war is already familiar. I trust that my account of these great events will, at least, not provoke a too bitter controversy; for if I have been obliged to judge and to censure, I have done so without any personal or partial fueling against any one, with a sincere respect for truth and a keen sense of the responsibility which I assumed. I hope, moreover, that your readers will acknowledge that I have tried to make Europe understand the magnitude of the strife which divided the New World, the extent of the sacrifices borne by the American people, and the heroism displayed by both sides on the bloody fields of battle. I should be proud to have my share in raising the monument which is to perpetuate the memory of that heroism and the glory of the American soldier, without distinction between the blue and the gray coats. Believe me, gentlemen, Yours truly, L. P. d'orleans, Comte de Paris. Messrs. J. H. Coates & co.
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book IV:—the first autumn. (search)
ave prevented the blockade nor have secured one cannon or one musket more to the Confederates; but the United States justly regarded it as an act of moral hostility which they were determined to oppose most energetically. It was because it hoped to see the latter thus drawn into an European war that the Confederate government insisted with so much pertinacity on being recognized, and it had deputed two prominent politicians, Messrs. Mason and Slidell, to go and plead its cause in London and Paris in the capacity of envoys extraordinary. These two agents left Charleston by the steamer Theodora, and reached Havana after eluding the vigilance of the Federal cruisers. On the 7th of November they embarked, with their secretaries, Messrs. Eustis and McFarland, for St. Thomas and England, on the English mail-packet Trent. At that time the Federal sloop-of-war San Jacinto was cruising in the Florida waters and among the Antilles in search of the Sumter. She was commanded by Captain Wilkes,
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book III:—Pennsylvania. (search)
, Buford with his division had attacked both Munford and Jones, and, although both parties were nearly of equal strength, the Federals soon obtained a marked advantage. When the Confederates were ordered to fall back upon Upperville, their retreat once more emboldened the assailants, while Gamble's brigade, returning constantly to the charge, inflicted upon them severe losses. It pressed them so closely that Stuart, dreading to see Buford's column come up after them between Upperville and Paris, and thus cut off his retreat in the direction of the defile, determined to continue it at once, without stopping at Upperville. As his head of column was leaving this village, Hampton, who had just entered it with the rear-guard, was again attacked by Kilpatrick. He immediately wheeled about, charged the enemy, and drove him back so vigorously that the Union general came near being captured. But the rest of his brigade soon comes to his assistance. A combat with small-arms follows bet
and the founder of Detroit sought fortune by discovering mines and encroaching on the colonial monopolies of Spain. The latter attempt met with no success whatever. Hardly had the officers of the new administration land- 1713 May. ed at Dauphine Island, when a vessel was sent to Vera Cruz; but it was not allowed to dispose of its cargo. The deep colonial bigotry of Spain was strengthened by the political jealousy which soon disturbed the relations between the governments at Madrid and Paris,— Ensayo Cronologico, para la Hist. de la Florida, 327, &c. while the French occupation of Louisiana was itself esteemed an encroachment on Spanish territory. Every Spanish harbor in the Gulf of Mexico was closed against the vessels of Crozat. It was next attempted to institute commercial relations by land. Had they been favored, they could not then have succeeded. But when St. Denys, after renewing intercourse with the Natchitoches, again ascended the Red River, and found his way fr
ite verses and to sing well, his generous style of living, and his apparent want of an official character, had opportunities of gaining information from the most various sources, encouraged the notion that England might seek to recover her colonies by entering on a war with France, and thus reviving their ancient sympathies. Having become acquainted with Arthur Lee, and having received accurate accounts of the state of America from persons newly arrived, he left London abruptly, ran over to Paris, and through De Sartine, presented to the king a secret memorial in favor of taking part with the insurgents. The Americans, said he, are full of the enthusiasm of liberty, and resolve to suffer everything rather than yield; such a people must be invincible; all men of sense are convinced that the English colonies are lost for the mother country, and that is my opinion too. On the twenty-second of September, the day after the subject was discussed in the council of the king, De Sartine p
and from Mr. Friedlander. Extracts from these letters, which are all written in the French language, will be published in Paris. I sought for some expression, on the part of Frederic, of a personal interest in Washington; but I found none. The Chevalier von Arneth, so honorably known as historian, editor, and critic of integrity and acuteness, had the exceeding goodness to direct for me an examination of the archives at Vienna; very many reports from the Austrian ambassadors in London and Paris were copied for me under his direction. They assist to define exactly the pressure under which Vergennes entered upon measures for mediation and for peace. Mr. Frederic Kapp rendered me the best service in negotiating on my behalf for the purchase of ample collections of letters and journals of German officers who served in America. In Vienna are preserved the reports of an agent sent from Brussels to the United States in the interest of Belgian commerce. Of the best of these, Mr. De
varied financial operations, and reforms. It was only after the assurance of a sufficient supply of money from loans, of which the repayment would not disturb the remnant of his life, that he no longer attempted to stem the prevailing opinion of Paris in favor of America. The same fondness for ease, after hostilities were begun, led him to protect Necker from the many enemies who, from hatred of his reforms, joined the clamor against him as a foreigner and a Calvinist. The strength of the eady escaping beyond control. The king of Prussia, whose poverty made him a sharp observer of the revenues of wealthier powers, repeatedly foretold the bankruptcy of the royal treasury, if the young king should break the peace. All this while Paris was the centre of the gay society and intelligence of Europe. The best artists of the day, the masters of the rival schools of music, crowded round the court. The splendor of the Bourbon monarchy was kept up at the Tuileries and Versailles with
inces, Canada and Nova Scotia, joined Spain in opposing every wish of the Americans to acquire them. In this congress acquiesced, though two states persisted in demanding their annexation. With regard to the fisheries, of which the interruption formed one of the elements of the war, public law had not yet been settled. By the treaty of Utrecht, Article XIII:, April 11, 1713. France agreed not to fish within thirty Chap. IX.} 1779. leagues of the coast of Nova Scotia; and by that of Paris, not to fish within fifteen leagues of Cape Breton. Treaty of 10 Feb., 1763, article 5. Sept., 1779. Moreover, New England at the beginning of the war had by act of parliament been debarred from fishing on the banks of Newfoundland. What right of legislation respecting them would remain at the peace to the parliament of England? Were they free to the mariners of all nations? and what limit was set to the coast fisheries by the law of nature and of nations? The fishery on the high seas
was terminated January 1, 1839, after eighteen years of service. If this paper were to end with this incident, the point made some time ago would be emphasized; namely, Mr. Brooks' work had a definite beginning and a definite ending. Possibly your interest, however, may be sufficient to cause you to ask as to his later life. On receiving the appointment to this post, for which he had had no special training, he entered upon a preparation. As the best place for study of the subject was Paris, he went abroad September, 1839, and there remained four years. I have not learned whether on his return, in 1843, he entered actively upon the duties of his position. If he did, it was for but a short time, for through failing eyesight, he was compelled to resign. One result of this foreign study was the compilation of a text-book entitled Elements of Ornithology, a copy of which he gave to the library at Harvard University. Two years later, that is, 1845, we find him on the Boston sch
The Daily Dispatch: November 1, 1860., [Electronic resource], Supposed recovery of the body of Mrs. Lumsden. (search)
Supposed recovery of the body of Mrs. Lumsden. --The Chicago Press notices the recovery of a number of bodies supposed to be victims of the Lady Elgin disaster. One of these bodies is believed to be that of Mrs. Lumsden, wife of the late Col. F. A. Lumsden, of New Orleans. The description of this body is as follows: Five feet two to four inches in height. On the body a plain cotton skirt and a portion of a chemise. On the fingers of the left hand were several diamond rings. Upper teeth all gone, as if they had been a false set and had been lost out. The second body is believed to be that of Mrs. Wm. Garth, of Paris, Ky. , for the recovery of which a reward of $1,000 was offered by the relatives of the family.
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