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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 21: slavery and Emancipation.--affairs in the Southwest. (search)
We have already noticed the commissioning of so-called privateers by the Confederate Government, See page 872, volume I. and some of their piratical operations in the spring and summer of 1861. See pages 555 to 558, inclusive, volume I. Before the close of July, more than twenty of those depredators were afloat, and had captured millions of property belonging to American citizens. The most formidable and notorious of the sea-going ships of this character, were the Nashville, Captain R. B. Pegram, a Virginian, who had abandoned his flag, and the Sumter, Captain Raphael Semmes. The former was a side-wheel steamer, carried a crew of eighty men, and was armed with two long 12-pounder rifled cannon. Her career was short, but quite successful. She was finally destroyed by the Montauk, Captain Worden, Feb. 28, 1862. in the Ogeechee River. The appearance of the remains of the Nashville in the Ogeechee River is seen in the tail-piece on page 327. The career of the Sumter, which
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), The organization of the Confederate Navy (search)
er in running these boats through the blockading squadrons that lined the Confederate shores and the impossibility of getting men out of the ports on other ships, made it necessary to take what men could be secured. These vessels, however, were always officered by Confederates bearing Government commissions. April, 1865--all that was left of the ironclad ram Virginia no. 2 The Confederates had built the Virginia no. 2 for the defense of the James River. She was commanded by Commodore R. B. Pegram, C. S. N., and was the flagship of Commodore John K. Mitchell, C. S. N., who with two other gunboats opposed the Federal fleet that was attempting to work its way up to Richmond. The pierced and battered smokestack of the Virginia shows how bravely she stood up to the fire of the Federal monitors and the Howlett's house batteries. The Virginia and her consorts were active in shelling General Butler's Dutch Gap canal. On October 22, 1864, the Virginia discovered a new Federal maske
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Naval chronology 1861-1865: important naval engagements of the Civil war March, 1861-June, 1865 (search)
thousand stands of arms. October 5, 1861. Two boats from U. S. S. Louisiana, Lieut. A. Murray, destroyed a Confed. schooner, being fitted out for a privateer, at Chincoteague Inlet, Va. October 12, 1861. Five Confed. gunboats, the ram Manassas, and a fleet of fireships attacked the U. S. fleet at the passes of the Mississippi and were repulsed after considerable injury had been done to the U. S. fleet. October 26, 1861. Confed. steamer Nashville, commanded by Lieut. R. B. Pegram, escaped from Charleston, S. C. October 28, 1861. Three Confed. vessels were surprised and burnt at Chincoteague Inlet, Va., by a portion of the crew of U. S. gunboat Louisiana, under Lieut. A. Hopkins. October 29, 1861. Federal expedition sailed from Fort Monroe, under the command of Flag-Officer Samuel F. Du Pont, comprising 77 vessels of all classes. The land forces, numbering 20,000 men, were commanded by Brig.-Gen. Thos. W. Sherman. November, 1861. Novembe
ommerce, sailed for Liverpool, England, and surrendered his ship to the English government, which transferred it to the government of the United States. The Shenandoah was a full-rigged ship of eight hundred tons, very fast under canvas. Her steam power was merely auxiliary. This was the last but not the first appearance of the Confederate flag in Great Britain; the first vessel of the Confederate government which unfurled it there was the swift, light steamer Nashville, commanded by R. B. Pegram. Having been constructed as a passenger vessel, and mainly with reference to speed and the light draught suited to the navigation of the Southern harbors, she was quite too frail for war purposes and too slightly armed for combat. On her passage to Europe and back, she nevertheless destroyed two merchantmen. Nearing the harbor on her return voyage, she found it blockaded, and a heavy vessel lying close on her track. Her daring commander headed directly for the vessel, and ran so cl
in the engagement of that day; they, together with the remainder of Longstreet's corps, were brought up and put in position to renew the battle in the morning. Our troops slept upon the field they had so bravely contested. The Confederate troops engaged on the right were as follows: General W. H. T. Walker's division   5,500 Cheatham's division   7,000 A. P. Stewart's division   4,040 Cleburne's division   5,115 Hood's, B. R. Johnson's, and Trigg's troops   8,428 Forrest's and Pegram's cavalry   3,500 ——— Total 33,583 General Wheeler with his cavalry had been in observation on the left, and for a fortnight, daily skirmishing with the enemy. On the 17th he was ordered to move into McLemore's Cove to make a demonstration in that direction, where, after a severe engagement, he developed a force too large to be dislodged. On the 18th he was directed to hold the gap in Pigeon Mountain, so as to prevent the enemy from moving on our left. As appeared sub
left to participate in a forward movement. It advanced, encountered a large force, and, not meeting with the expected cooperation, was drawn back. Subsequently Pegram's brigade took position on Hays's left, and just before night an attack was made on their front, which was repulsed with severe loss to the enemy. During the aftneral deemed it inadvisable to attack. On the morning of the 6th the contest was renewed on the left, and a very heavy attack was made on the front occupied by Pegram's brigade, but it was handsomely repulsed, as were several subsequent attacks at the same point. In the afternoon an attack was made on the enemy's right flank, resting in the woods, when Gordon's brigade, with Johnson's in the rear and followed by Pegram's, succeeded in throwing it into great confusion, doubling it up and forcing it back some distance, capturing two brigadier generals and several hundred prisoners. Darkness closed the contest. On the 7th an advance was made which disclo
advance was made against Ramseur's left by Crook's corps. The movement to put Pegram's brigades into line successively to the left produced some confusion, when theo send the three divisions of the Second Corps, to wit, Gordon's Ramseur's, and Pegram's, under General Gordon, to the enemy's rear, to make the attack at 5 A. M., why guns were concentrated on the enemy, and he was soon in retreat. Ramseur and Pegram advanced at once to the position from which he was driven, and just then his cavalry commenced pressing heavily on the right, and Pegram's division was ordered to move to the north of Middletown and take position across the pike against the cavalry. As soon as Pegram moved, Kershaw was ordered from the left to supply his place. Rosser had attacked the enemy promptly at the appointed time, but had not been ing replaced by other guns, the force that had continued steady gave way also. Pegram's and Wharton's divisions and Wofford's brigade had remained steadfast on the r
count of occupation of Norfolk, 82. Account of McClellan's action after Johnston's withdrawal across the Chickahominy, 86. Congress of, 11, 315, 316, 317, 318, 322. Parker, Amasa J. Report on imprisonment of New York Agents, 414-15. Lt. W. H., 165, 166-67. Parsons, Lewis C., 633. Patrick Henry (gunboat), 85, 165, 168. Patton, Colonel, 36. Robert M., 633. Payne, Lewis, 417. Pawnee (ship), 164. Pea Ridge, Battle of (see Elkhorn, Battle of). Peabody, Charles A., 243. Pegram, General, 360, 435, 437, 451, 452, 453. Capt. R. B., 221-22. Pellham, Major, 296. Pemberton, Gen. J. C., 331, 333, 335, 336, 337, 338-39, 340, 342, 343, 344, 345, 348, 353, 442-43. Correspondence with Gen. J. E. Johnston, 340-41. Extracts from report on siege of Vicksburg, 348-49. Pender, General, 268, 273, 286, 377. Pendleton, Gen. W. N., 111, 126, 130, 131, 371-72, 461. Extract from address on first battle of Gettysburg, 371. Perry, Benjamin F., 625. Perry (brig), 9. Perryvill
h, the Federal steamer Harriet Lane opened on the Confederate battery established at Big Point, across the James from Newport News, with shot and shell from her 11-inch gun and 32-pounders, from a distance of a mile and a half. The steamer fired thirty-three shot and shell, but did no damage except to crack an 8-inch gun. The battery in return fired twenty-three shot and shell, which caused the steamer to move off, apparently injured after a combat lasting fifteen or twenty minutes. Commander R. B. Pegram, of the Virginia navy, praised the cool and self-possessed conduct of the Portsmouth (Va.) rifles, who had never before been in action, writing of them: Every man behaved in the most spirited and creditable manner, and were so regardless of danger that I had often to interpose my authority to prevent their exposing themselves unnecessarily to the enemy's fire. On the 7th of June, Governor Letcher, after an extended correspondence with the President in reference to the standing off
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 12. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Cruise of the Nashville. (search)
to Europe. She was a side-wheel, brig-rigged steamer, of about one thousand two hundred or one thousand four hundred tons, and was therefore deemed by them too large a vessel to run the blockade. That purpose was accordingly abandoned. Captain R. B. Pegram, then in command of the Nashville, fitted her with two small guns and made her ready for sea, with a full crew of officers and men. The following is a list of her officers: Captain, R. B. Pegram; Charles M. Fauntleroy, First Lieutenant; JoR. B. Pegram; Charles M. Fauntleroy, First Lieutenant; John W. Bennett, Second Lieutenant; William C. Whittle, Third Lieutenant; John H. Ingram, Master; Jno. L. Ancrum, Surgeon; Richard Taylor, Paymaster; James Hood, Chief Engineer; Assistant Murray, and two others, and the following Midshipmen: W. R. Dalton, William H. Sinclair, Clarence Cary, J. W. Pegram, W. P. Hamilton,—— Thomas and —— McClintock. Early in the fall of 1861 she ran out of Charleston, touched at Bermuda for coal and soon arrived at Southampton, England, having ] captured and bu
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