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Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz), chapter 4 (search)
repulsed one or two little cavalry attacks in a creditable manner; but God help them if the grey-backed infantry attack them! . . . As General Grant sat under a pine tree, stoically smoking his briarwood pipe, I heard him say: To-night Lee will be retreating south. The day before, Grant told Meade that Joe Johnston would have retreated after two such days' punishment. He recognized the difference of the Western Rebel fighting.--Lyman's Journal, May 6. Ah! General, Robert Lee is not Pemberton; he will retreat south, but only far enough to get across your path, and then he will retreat no more, if he can help it. In fact, orders were out for the whole army to move at dark on Spotsylvania Court House. But Lee knew it all: he could see the waggons moving, and had scouts besides. As night fell, his troops left their works and were crowding down the Parker's Store road, towards Spotsylvania — each moment worth untold gold to them! Grant had no longer a Pemberton! His best friend
Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz), Index (search)
Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 200, 233, 266, 320, 335, 357. Ordinary, in Virginia, 119. Otto, William Tod, 212. Ovens, Dutch, 351. Palfrey, Francis Winthrop, 65. Parke, John Grubb, 233, 234, 236, 323, 334; described, 213; engineer, 246. Parker, Isaac Brown, 288. Parker, Theodore, 260. Patrick, Marsena Rudolph, 74. Patten, Henry Lyman, 208. Pease, Charles Elliott, 358. Peeble house, 235, 254, 321. Peel, Cecil Lennox, captain, 49. Pell, Duncan Archibald, 212, 312, 319. Pemberton, John Clifford, 102. Perkins house, 328. Perkinson, —, 347. Petersburg, manoeuvres about, 160; mine, 195, 310, 341; taken, 333, 339. Phillips, Charles Appleton, 169. Picket line, described, 301. Piney Branch church, 104. Platt, Edward Russell, 123. Pleasonton, Alfred, 75, 79, 80; Lyman with, 14; for command, 60. Pleasants, Henry, 195, 198. Plunder, demoralizing effect, 40; Hancock and, 288. Point of Rocks, Appomattox River, 193. Pontoon bridge, 130, 159. Po-Ny, 119. Pope, J
sake, who was selected from among the heroes of our great domestic strife for the appellation of butcher. No one of them less deserved this title, for none of them accomplished as great results with a less proportionate loss of life. The repulse of Lee at Gettysburg, in 1863, was obtained at a cost of 23,000 casualties—3155 killed, 14,529 wounded, 5365 missing—and at the end Lee marched with his army from the field of battle. The more complete victory at Vicksburg, with the surrender of Pemberton's entire army of 30,000 men, was obtained by Grant with a casualty list of only 9362, including about 450 missing. Heavy as were the losses during the year which preceded the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, they were less than the aggregate loss, including missing, of previous commanders of the Army of the Potomac in unsuccessful attempts to accomplish the same result in the same field. Grant's total of killed and wounded was 19,597 less than the average number killed and i
the head of the Department of Tennessee, but outside of an attempt to relieve Pemberton at Vicksburg in May, 1863, he saw no active service until he assumed command s, defender of the James River in 1862 and Arkansas in 1863. Join Clifford, Pemberton, Baffled the assailants of Vicksburg through three campaigns, yielding to onlheaded by Van Dorn and Price, the chief control having passed to Lieutenant-General John C. Pemberton, at the head of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisianared to the TransMississippi Department, February 27, 1863. Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton (U. S.M. A. 1837) was born in Philadelphia, August 10, 18ississippi In December, 1863, Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk, succeeding Pemberton, was put in command of the force of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi anle force temporarily in June, 1862. As major-general, he had a division with Pemberton's forces in the battle with Sherman at Chickasaw Bayou, December 26, 1862. I
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), General officers of the Confederate Army: a full roster compiled from the official records (search)
1864. Generals, provisional army (with temporary rank) Hood, John B., July 18, 1864. Lieutenant-generals, provisional army Buckner, S. B., Sept. 20, 1864. Ewell, Richard S., May 23, 1863. Forrest, N. B., Feb. 28, 1865. Hampton, Wade, Feb. 14, 1865. Hardee, Wm. J., Oct. 10, 1862. Hill, Ambrose P., May 24, 1863. Hill, Daniel H., July 11, 1863. Holmes, T. H., Oct. 13, 1862. Jackson, T. J., Oct. 10, 1862. Lee, Stephen D., June 23, 1864. Longstreet, James, Oct. 9, 1862. Pemberton, J. C., Oct. 10, 1862. Polk, Leonidas, Oct. 10, 1862. Taylor, Richard, April 8, 1864. Lieutenant-generals, provisional army (with temporary rank) Anderson, R. H., May 31, 1864. Early, Jubal A., May 31, 1864. Stewart, A. P., June 23, 1864. Major-generals, provisional army Anderson, J. P., Feb. 17, 1864. Bate, William B., Feb. 23, 1864. Bowen, John S., May 25, 1863. Breckinridge, J. C., Apr. 14, 1862. Butler, M. C., Sept. 19, 1864. Cheatham, B. F., Mar. 10, 1862. Churchill, T
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jackson, (search)
g an assault; but there was no occasion, for the garrison had evacuated the fort. They left behind them seventeen cannon, and tents enough to shelter a whole division. The commissary and quartermaster's stores were in flames. The city was taken possession of by the Nationals, and the stars and stripes were unfurled over the State House by the 59th Indiana Regiment. Entering Jackson that night, Grant learned that Johnston had arrived, taken charge of the department, and had ordered Gen. J. C. Pemberton to march immediately out of Vicksburg and attack the National rear. After the fall of Vicksburg, Johnston hovered menacingly in Grant's rear. Sherman had pushed out to press him back. Grant sent Sherman reinforcements, giving that leader an army 50,000 strong. With these he crossed the Big Black River, during a great drought. In dust and great heat the thirsty men and animals went on to Jackson, Johnston retiring before them and taking position behind his breastworks there. S
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pemberton, John Clifford 1814-1881 (search)
Pemberton, John Clifford 1814-1881 Military officer; born in Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 10, 1814; graduated at West Point in 1837; served in the Seminole War, and was aide-de-camp to General Worth in the war against Mexico. He entered the Confederate service in April, 1861, as colonel of cavalry and assistant adjutantgeneral to Gen. J. E. Johnston. He rose to lieutenant-general, and was the opponent of Grant in northern Mississippi in 1863, to whom he surrendered, with his army, at Vicksburg (q. v.). He died in Penllyn, Pa., July 13, 1881.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Port Hudson, capture of (search)
y in Louisiana, west of the river. A speedy reduction of the fort had become a necessity for Banks, and on June 11 another attempt was made, and failed. This was followed by an attempt to take the fort by storm on the 14th. At that time the Nationals lay mostly in two lines, forming a right angle, with a right and left but no centre. When a final disposition for assault was made, General Gardner was entreated to surrender and stop the effusion of blood, but he refused, hoping, as did Pemberton, at Vicksburg, that Johnston would come to his relief. The grand assault began at dawn (June 14) by Generals Grover, Weitzel, Auger, and Dwight. A desperate battle ensued, and the Nationals were repulsed at all points, losing about 700 men. Again the siege went on as usual. The fortitude of the half-starved garrison, daily enduring the affliction of missiles from the land and water, was wonderful. Gun after gun on the Confederate works was disabled, until only fifteen remained on the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Vicksburg, siege of (search)
ated his forces near the Tallahatchee River, in northern Mississippi, where Generals Hovey and Washburne had been operating with troops which they had led from Helena, Ark. Grant had gathered a large quantity of supplies at Holley Springs, which, through carelessness or treachery, had fallen (Dec. 20, 1862) into the hands of Gen. Earl Van Dorn, and he was compelled to fall back to Grand Junction to save his army. Taking advantage of this movement, a large Confederate force under Lieut.-Gen. J. C. Pemberton had been gathered at Vicksburg for the protection of that post. On the day when Grant's supplies were seized Gen. W. T. Sherman left Memphis with transports bearing guns to besiege Vicksburg. At Friar's Point they were joined by troops from Hatteras, and were met by Commodore Porter, whose fleet of gunboats was at the mouth of the Yazoo River, just above Vicksburg. The two commanders arranged a plan for attacking the city in the rear, and proceeded to attempt to execute it. T
with Spain, and attracted to himself, in addition to the love of the South, the admiration and pride of fellow-citizenship of the people in all parts of the united nation. Col. Charles E. Hooker, of Jackson, Miss., author of the military history of that State, entered the Confederate service in 1861 as a volunteer in the First Mississippi regular artillery, and was captain of his company during the siege of Vicksburg, when he lost his left arm. He was surrendered with the army under General Pemberton, and upon being exchanged was promoted o colonel and assigned to duty as a member of the military court for the army of Mississippi. He was leading counsel in the defense of President Jefferson Davis during the trial at Richmond; was selected as the orator for the reunion of the United Confederate veterans at Atlanta, July, 1898, and as a citizen of Mississippi since the war has had honorable prominence as attorney-general for two terms, and member of Congress for sixteen years. Ho
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