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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The first fight of iron-clads. (search)
and Raleigh, Lieut.-Commander J. W. Alexander, to steam alongside, take off her crew, and set fire to the ship. Lieutenant Pendergrast, who had succeeded Lieutenant Smith, who had been killed, surrendered to Lieutenant Parker, of the Beaufort. Dele fire. Finally it became so hot that the gun-boats were obliged to haul off with only thirty prisoners, leaving Lieutenant Pendergrast and most of his crew on board, and they all afterward escaped to the shore by swimming or in small boats. While ding to the pilot of the Cumberland, Lieutenant Smith was killed by a shot. His death was fixed at 4:20 P. M. By Lieutenant Pendergrast, next in command, who did not hear of it until ten minutes later. When his father, Commodore Joseph Smith, who wongress had shown the white flag, he said, quietly, Joe's dead! after speaking of the death of Lieutenant Smith, Lieutenant Pendergrast says, in his official report: seeing that our men were being killed without the prospect of any relief from the M
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., chapter 15.59 (search)
ck, like water on a wash-deck morning; the tallow-cup on top of our cylinder, and the pilot-house and billethead on the stem were shattered by shot; the pilot, Mr. Phillips, was stunned. Our Zouave figure-head, which was a fixture on top of the pilot-house, carried away by a shot on its way over the bows, disabled two of the crew of the rifle. It was about this time that the Congress grounded and the white flag was hoisted. Firing ceased and a rebel steamer was making for us. I told Lieut. Pendergrast that if he did not want me any more, I'd leave and try to escape. He told me to take care of myself, as they had surrendered. We cut our lines and backed astern, and, as soon as we got clear, commenced firing, which, I think, gave rise to the charge of the Congress firing after she had struck her colors. The Minnesota was aground in the North Channel, and had my recall signal flying. We headed for her, keeping as close to the beach on our side as possible, when about half-way, afte
the ship's side; she filled rapidly-careened --went down by the bows — her flag still flying-her men still at quarters! On past her-scarce checked in her deadly-slow course-moved the Virginia. Then she closed on the Congress, and one terrific broadside after another raked the frigate; till, trembling like a cardhouse, she hauled down her colors and raised the white flag. The Beaufort ranged alongside and received the flag of the Congress, and her captain, William R. Smith, and Lieutenant Pendergrast as prisoners of war. These officers left their side-arms on the Beaufort and returned to the Congress; whennotwithstand-ing the white flag — a hot fire was opened from shore upon the Beaufort, and she was compelled to withdraw. Lieutenant Robert Minor was then sent in a boat from the Virginia to fire the frigate; but was badly wounded by a Minie-ball, from under the white flag; and Captain Buchanan was seriously hit in the leg by the same volley. Then it was determined to burn the
Thomas C. DeLeon, Four years in Rebel capitals: an inside view of life in the southern confederacy, from birth to death., The firing under the white flag, in Hampton Roads. (search)
to haul down their colors, and to hoist a white flag at their gaff half-mast, and another at the main. The crew instantly took to their boats and landed. Our fire immediately ceased, and a signal was made for the Beaufort to come within hail. I then ordered Lieutenant-Commanding Parker to take possession of the Congress, secure the officers as prisoners, allow the crew to land, and burn the ship. He ran alongside, received her flag and surrender, from Coimmander William Smith and Lieutenant Pendergrast, with the side-arms of those officers. They delivered themselves as prisoners of war on board the Beaufort, and afterward were permitted, at their own request, to return to the Congress, to assist in removing the wounded to the Beaufort. They never returned, and I submit to the decision of the Department whether they are not our prisoners. While the Beaufort and Raleigh were alongside the Congress, and the surrender of that vessel had been received from the commander, she having t
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Early operations in the Gulf. (search)
Early operations in the Gulf. Professor J. R. Soley, U. S. N. After the seizure of the Pensacola Navy Yard and the movements connected with the relief of Fort Pickens (Vol. I., p. 32), the Gulf Coast remained comparatively quiet until the establishment of the blockade. Hitherto the vessels in this quarter had formed a part of the Home Squadron, under Flag-Officer Pendergrast; but on June 8th, 1861, Flag-Officer William Mervine assumed command of the station, his vessels constituting the Gulf Blockading Squadron. Already the blockade had been set on foot by the Powhatan, at Mobile, and by the Brooklyn, at New Orleans; and soon after Mervine arrived in the steamer Mississippi, he had twenty vessels in his fleet. On July 2d, Galveston, the third port of importance in the Gulf, was blockaded by the South Carolina. The first collision occurred in August, when one of the tenders of the South Carolina, blockading Galveston, was fired on by a battery on the shore. Commander Alden
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 14: movements of the Army of the Potomac.--the Monitor and Merrimack. (search)
Moore, and Pilot William Rhodes, with nearly half of her crew, were soon killed or wounded. Her hull was set on fire, and she had not a gun to bring to bear on her assailants. Further resistance would have been folly, and at half-past 4 Lieutenant Pendergrast hauled down her flag. McKean Buchanan, brother of the commander of the Merrimack, was an officer on board the Congress, and was in charge of the berth-deck during the terrible struggle. In a letter to the Secretary of War afterward, hel was grounded, and so was the frigate St. Lawrence, towed by the gun-boat Cambridge, that was trying to join in the conflict. Report of Flag-Officer John Marston to the Secretary of the Navy, March 9, 1862; also, of Lieutenants Morris and Pendergrast. The night after the battle March 8, 1862. was one of greatest anxiety to the loyal men on the northern borders of Hampton Roads. It was expected the savage Merrimack would bear down upon the fast-grounded Minnesota in the morning, destr
ferson--Rebel steamers from up the James — like-wise poured in their broadsides with precision and effect. The hapless Congress could only reply from her two stern guns, whereof one was soon dismounted and the other had its muzzle knocked off. Her commander, Lt. Joseph B. Smith, Acting-Master Thomas Moore, and Pilot William Rhodes, with nearly half her crew, having been killed or wounded, the ship on fire in several places, without a gun that could be brought to bear on her destroyers, Lt. Pendergrast, on whom the command had devolved, at 4:30 P. M. hauled down our flag. She was soon boarded by an officer from the Merrimac, who took her in charge, but left shortly afterward; when a small Rebel tug came alongside and demanded that her crew should get out of the ship, as her captors intended to burn her immediately. But our soldiers on shore, who had not surrendered, and who regarded the Congress as now a Rebel vessel, opened so brisk a fire upon her that the tug and her crew suddenl
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 13: aggregate of deaths in the Union Armies by States--total enlistment by States--percentages of military population furnished, and percentages of loss — strength of the Army at various dates casualties in the Navy. (search)
4 15 34 July 7 Monongahela Read Mississippi 2 4 -- 6 Sept. 7 Clifton Crocker Sabine Pass 10 9 -- 19 Sept. 7 Sachem Johnson Sabine Pass 7 Wounded not stated. -- 7 1864.               Feb. 1 Underwriter Westervelt Neuse River 9 20 19 48 April 26 Cricket Gorringe Red River 12 19 -- More than half the crew.31 April 26 Hindman Pearce Red River 3 5 -- 8 April 26 Juliet Shaw Red River -- -- -- 15 May 13 Covington Lord Red River -- -- -- 44 May 31 Water Witch Pendergrast Ogeechee River 2 12 -- 14 June 19 Kearsarge Winslow Cherbourg 1 2 -- 3 June 24 Queen City Goudy White River 2 8 -- 10 June 24 Tyler Bache White River 3 15 -- 18 June 24 Naumkeag Rogers White River June 24 Fawn Grove White River Aug. 5 Hartford Farragut's flag-ship. Drayton Mobile Bay 25 28 -- 53 Aug. 5 Brooklyn Alden Mobile Bay 11 43 -- 54 Aug. 5 Lackawanna Marchand Mobile Bay 4 35 -- 39 Aug. 5 Oneida Mullany Mobile Bay 8 30 -- 38 Aug. 5 Monongahela Strong
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 27. capture of the H. Middleton. (search)
; we do every thing in our power to render this blockade effective, but our efforts are fruitless without the aid of light-draught gunboats, which can run into shoal water; and until Government sends such vessels here, small craft can run the blockade with impunity. I also learned, from the above-named Englishman, that the principal Northern newspapers are received regularly in Charleston, and the people are nearly as well posted in our affairs as ourselves; he believes that these papers are obtained through the Adams Express Company. This kind of business should be prevented, it being most detrimental to our cause. Government should attend to it. The Seminole captured a small schooner last week; she sailed for Philadelphia, with her prize in tow, on the 19th inst. The Roanoke, flag-officer Pendergrast, is the only one here now besides our ship. We have had no communication with Savannah lately, and therefore I cannot forward you any news from that place. Yours, &c., Vandalia.
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 6: contraband of War, Big Bethel and Hatteras. (search)
At 12, midnight, Colonel Duryea will march his regiment, with fifteen round cartridges, on the county road towards Little Bethel. Scows will be provided to ferry them across Hampton Creek. March to be rapid, but not hurried. A howitzer with canister and shrapnel to go. A wagon with planks and material to repair the Newmarket bridge. Duryea to have the two hundred rifles. He will pick the men to whom to entrust them. Rocket to be thrown up from Newport News. Notify Commodore Pendergrast of this to prevent general alarm. Newport News movement to be made somewhat later, as the distance is less. If we find the enemy and surprise them, men will fire one volley, if desirable, not reload, and go ahead with the bayonet. As the attack is to be by night, or dusk of morning, and in two detachments, our people should have some token, say a white rag (or dirty white rag) on the left arm. Perhaps the detachments who are to do the job should be smaller than a regiment
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