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It should be known that SolonSolon lived c. 640-558 B.C. lived in Athens in the period of the tyrants before the Persian wars, and that Draco lived forty-seven years before him, as Diodorus says.Ulpian on the Timocrates of Demosthenes, 9, p. 805.
When Thericles was archon in Athens in the Sixty-first Olympiad, Pythagoras, the philosopher, was generally recognized,e)gnwri/zeto is commonly used by the chronographers as the equivalent of floruit, indicating roughly a person's middle age. having already far advanced in learning; for if there is any man of those who have cultivated learning deserving of a place in history, it is he. By birth he was a Samian, though some men say that he was a Tyrrhenian.Etruscan. And there was such persuasion and charm in his words that every day almost the entire city turned to him, as to a god present among them, and all men ran in crowds to hear him. Not only in eloquence of speech did he show himself great, but he also displayed a character of soul which was temperate and constituted a marvellous model of a life of modesty for the youth to emulate. Whoever associated with him he converted from their ways of extravagance and luxury, wher
Thettalus,A by-name of Hegesistratus. the son of Peisistratus, was wise enough to renounce the tyranny, and since he strove after equality, he enjoyed great favour among the citizens of Athens; but the other sons, Hipparchus and Hippias,Hippias was the real ruler, 527-510 B.C.; Hipparchus was slain in 514 B.C. being violent and harsh men, maintained a tyranny over the city. They committed many other acts of lawlessness against the Athenians, and Hipparchus, becoming enamoured of a youthHarmodius; Thuc. 6.54-57 gives the most trust-worthy account of this famous affair; cp. Book 9.1.4. of extraordinary beauty, because of that got into a dangerous situation. . . .The rest of the story, such as the indignation of the citizens, the attack upon the tyrants in 514 B.C., the slaying of Hipparchus and Harmodius, and the like, are lacking in the Greek. Now the attack upon the tyrants and the earnest desire to achieve the freedom of the fatherl
Cimon,The distinguished Athenian admiral in the war between the Confederacy of Delos and the Persian Empire, and the leader of the conservative party in Athens until his ostracism in 461 B.C. the son of Miltiades, when his father had died in the state prison because he was unable to pay in full the fine,Miltiades was fined fifty talents for his unsuccessful attack upon the island of Paros in 489 B.C. in order that he might receive his father's body for burial, delivered himself up to prison and assumed the debt. Cimon, who was ambitious to take part in the conduct of the state, at a later time became an able general and performed glorious deeds by virtue of his personal bravery.Const. Exc. 2 (1), pp. 227-228.
479 B.C.While Xanthippus was archon in Athens, the Romans elected as consuls Quintus Fabius Silvanus and Servius Cornelius Tricostus.Silvanus is an error for Vibulanus and Tricostus for Cossus. At this time the Persian fleet, with the exception of the Phoenician contingent, after its defeat in the sea-battle of Salamis lay at Cyme. Here it passed the winter, and at the coming of summer it sailed down the coast to Samos to keep watch on Ionia; and the total number of the
henians. When, therefore, a judgement
was proposed to determine the prizes to be awarded for valour, through the superior favour they
enjoyed they caused the decision to be that of states Aegina had won the prize, and of men Ameinias of Athens, the brother of Aeschylus the poet; for Ameinias, while commanding a
trireme, had been the first to ram the flagship of the Persians, sinking it and killing the
admiral. And when the Athenians showed their anger at this