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Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War 762 0 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 376 0 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 356 0 Browse Search
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley) 296 0 Browse Search
Demosthenes, Speeches 11-20 228 0 Browse Search
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Demosthenes, Exordia (ed. Norman W. DeWitt, Norman J. DeWitt) 178 0 Browse Search
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Apollodorus, Library and Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer) 138 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant). You can also browse the collection for Athens (Greece) or search for Athens (Greece) in all documents.

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Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant), Book 1, chapter 2 (search)
planted the pleasures which call to her: “Abandon prudence, and make haste to gratify us and the body.” And indeed it was thus with Critias and Alcibiades. So long as they were with Socrates, they found in him an ally who gave them strength to conquer their evil passions. But when they parted from him, Critias fled to Thessaly, and got among men who put lawlessness before justice; while Alcibiades, on account of his beauty, was hunted by many great ladies, and because of his influence at Athens and among her allies he was spoilt by many powerful men: and as athletes who gain an easy victory in the games are apt to neglect their training, so the honour in which he was held, the cheap triumph he won with the people, led him to neglect himself. Such was their fortune: and when to pride of birth, confidence in wealth, vainglory and much yielding to temptation were added corruption and long separation from Socrates, what wonder if they grew overbearing? For their wrongdoing, then, is So
Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant), Book 2, chapter 3 (search)
aintance when he offers sacrifice, what would you do?”“Of course I should begin by inviting him myself when I offered sacrifice.” “And suppose you wanted to encourage one of your friends to look after your affairs during your absence from home, what would you do?”“Of course I should first undertake to look after his affairs in his absence.” “And suppose you wanted a stranger to entertain you when you visited his city, what would you do?”“Obviously I should first entertain him when he came to Athens. Yes, and if I wanted him to show himself eager in forwarding the business on which I had come, it is obvious that I should first have to do the same by him.” “It seems that you have long concealed a knowledge of all spells that were ever discovered. Or is it that you hesitate to make a beginning, for fear of disgracing yourself by first showing kindness to your brother? Yet it is generally thought worthy of the highest praise to anticipate the malevolence of an enemy an
Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant), Book 2, chapter 6 (search)
not take the praise for mockery.”“Yes; for to praise one for his beauty, his stature and his strength who is conscious that he is short, ugly and puny, is the way to repel him and make him dislike you more.”“Do you know any other spells?” “No, but I have heard that Pericles knew many and put them on the city, and so made her love him.”“And how did Themistocles make the city love him?”“Not by spells: no, no; but by hanging some good amulet about her.”i.e., not by his words, but by protecting Athens with ships and fortifications. “I think you mean, Socrates, that if we are to win a good man's friendship, we ourselves must be good in word and deed alike?”“But you imagined that a bad man could win the friendship of honest men?” “I did,” answered Critobulus, “for I saw that poor orators have good speakers among their friends, and some who are incapable of commanding an army are intimate with great generals.” “Coming then to the point under discussion, d
Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant), Book 2, chapter 9 (search)
I remember that he once heard Criton say that life at Athens was difficult for a man who wanted to mind his own business. “At this moment,” Criton added, “actions are pending against me not because I have done the plaintiffs an injury, but because they think that I would sooner pay than have trouble.” “Tell me, Criton,” said Socrates, “do you keep dogs to fend the wolves from your sheep?”“Certainly,” replied Criton, “because it pays me better to keep them.”“Then why not keep a man who may be able and willing to fend off the attempts to injure you?”“I would gladly do so were I not afraid that he might turn on me.” “What? don't you see that it is much pleasanter to profit by humouring a man like you than by quarrelling with him? I assure you there are men in this city who would take pride in your friendship.” Thereupon they sought out Archedemus, an excellent speaker and man of affairs, but poor. For he was not one of those who make money unscrupulously,
Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant), Book 3, chapter 1 (search)
I will now explain how he helped those who were eager to win distinction by making them qualify themselves for the honours they coveted.He once heard that Dionysodorus had arrived at Athens, and gave out that he was going to teach generalship. Being aware that one of his companions wished to obtain the office of general from the state, he addressed him thus: “Young man, surely it would be disgraceful for one who wishes to be a general in the state to neglect the opportunity of learning the duties, and he would deserve to be punished by the state much more than one who carved statues without having learned to be a sculptor. For in the dangerous times of war the whole state is in the general's hands, and great good may come from his success and great evil from his failure. Therefore anyone who exerts himself to gain the votes, but neglects to learn the business, deserves punishment.”This speech persuaded the man to go and learn. When he had learnt his lesson and returned, Socrates ch
Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant), Book 3, chapter 5 (search)
ates, “and consider how they can be brought about?”“I should.” “Do you know then, that in point of numbers the Athenians are not inferior to the Boeotians?”“Yes, I know.”“Do you think that the larger number of fine, well-developed men could be selected from among the Boeotians or the Athenians?”“In that matter too they seem to be at no disadvantage.”“Which do you think are the more united?”“The Athenians, I should say, for many of the Boeotians resent the selfish behaviour of the Thebans. At Athens I see nothing of that sort.” “And again, the Athenians are more ambitious and more high-minded than other peoples; and these qualities are among the strongest incentives to heroism and patriotic self-sacrifice.”“Yes, in these respects too the Athenians need not fear criticism.”“And besides, none have inherited a past more crowded with great deeds; and many are heartened by such a heritage and encouraged to care for virtue and prove their gallantry.”“All
Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant), Book 3, chapter 11 (search)
At one time there was in Athens a beautiful woman named Theodote/, who was ready to keep company with anyone who pleased her. One of the bystanders mentioned her name, declaring that words failed him to describe the lady's beauty, and adding that artists visited her to paint her portrait, and she showed them as much as decency allowed. “We had better go and see her,” cried Socrates; “of course what beggars description can't very well be learned by hearsay.” “Come with me at once,” returned his informant. So off they went to Theodote/'s house, where they found her posing before a painter, and looked on.When the painter had finished, Socrates said: “My friends, ought we to be more grateful to Theodote/ for showing us her beauty, or she to us for looking at it? Does the obligation rest with her, if she profits more by showing it, but with us, if we profit more by looking?” When someone answered that this was a fair way of putting it, “Well now,” he went on, “she already
Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant), Book 3, chapter 13 (search)
apacious and he's lazy.”“Have you ever considered, then, which deserves the more stripes, the master or the man?” When someone was afraid of the journey to Olympia, he said:“Why do you fear the distance? When you are at home, don't you spend most of the day in walking about? on your way there you will take a walk before lunch, and another before dinner, and then take a rest. Don't you know that if you put together the walks you take in five or six days, you can easily cover the distance from Athens to Olympia? It is more comfortable, too, to start a day early rather than a day late, since to be forced to make the stages of the journey unduly long is unpleasant; but to take a day extra on the way makes easy going. So it is better to hurry over the start than on the road.” When another said that he was worn out after a long journey, he asked him whether he had carried a load.“Oh no,” said the man; “only my cloak.”“Were you alone, or had you a footman with you?”“I had.”
Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant), Book 4, chapter 2 (search)
is obvious from his behaviour. I fancy he has prepared a noble exordium to his addresses, with due care not to give the impression that he is indebted to anyone for his knowledge. No doubt he will begin his speech with this introduction: “‘Men of Athens, I have never yet learnt anything from anyone, nor when I have been told of any man's ability in speech and in action, have I sought to meet him, nor have I been at pains to find a teacher among the men who know. On the contrary, I have constantlce of it. Nevertheless I shall recommend to your consideration anything that comes into my head.’ “This exordium might be adapted so as to suit candidates for the office of public physician. They might begin their speeches in this strain:“‘Men of Athens, I have never yet studied medicine, nor sought to find a teacher among our physicians; for I have constantly avoided learning anything from the physicians, and even the appearance of having studied their art. Nevertheless I ask you to appoin
Xenophon, Memorabilia (ed. E. C. Marchant), Book 4, chapter 4 (search)
known to gain a verdict of acquittal, he rejected utterly the familiar chicanery of the courts; and though he might easily have gained a favourable verdict by even a moderate indulgence in such stratagems, he chose to die through his loyalty to the laws rather than to live through violating them. Such views frequently found expression in his conversations with different persons; I recollect the substance of one that he had with Hippias of Elis concerning Justice. Hippias, who had not been in Athens for a considerable time, found Socrates talking: he was saying that if you want to have a man taught cobbling or building or smithing or riding, you know where to send him to learn the craft: some indeed declare that if you want to train up a horse or an ox in the way he should go, teachers abound. And yet, strangely enough, if you want to learn Justice yourself, or to have your son or servant taught it, you know not where to go for a teacher. When Hippias heard this, “How now?” he cried in