ce in Greece during the Archaic Age.
Sparta's easily defended
location, Perseus Encyclopedia entry for Laconia, Perseus Encyclopedia entry for Spartans,
—nestled on a narrow north-south plain between rugged mountain ranges
in the southeastern Peloponnese, in a region called Laconia (hence the designation of
Spartans as Laconians)—gave it a secure base for developing its might. Sparta
had access to the sea through a harborPaus. 3.21.6, situated some twenty-five miles south of its urban center, but this harbor
opened onto a dangerous stretch of the Mediterranean whipped by treacherous currents and
winds. As a consequence, enemies could not threaten the Spartans by sea, but their
relative isolation from the sea also kept the Spartans from becoming adept sailors.
Their interests and their strength
lay on the land.