although they believed that they had suffered an affront, at the time did no more than
withdraw; later, however, their relations to the Lacedaemonians being unfriendly, they were
more and more inclined to fan the flames of hatred. Consequently the Athenians took this
incident as the first cause of the estrangement of the two states, and later on they quarrelled
and, embarking upon great wars, filled all Greece with
vast calamities. But we shall give an account of these matters severally in connection with the
appropriate periods of time. At the time in question the
Lacedaemonians together with their allies marched forth against Ithome and laid siege to it. And the Helots, revolting in a body from the
Lacedaemonians, joined as allies with the Messenians, and at one time they were winning and at
another losing. And since for ten years no decision could be reached in the war, for that
length of time they never ceased injuring each other.
monians, he seized it, burned the
city and also the dockyards of the Lacedaemonians, and ravaged its territory. From here he set out to sea and sailed to Zacynthos which belonged to
Cephallenia; he took the island and won over all the cities on Cephallenia, and then sailed
across to the opposite mainland and put in at Naupactus. This city he likewise seized at the first assault and in it he settled
the prominent Messenians whom the Lacedaemonians had allowed to go free under a truce.
At this time, it may be explained, the Lacedaemonians had
finally overcome both the Helots and Messenians, with whom they had been at war over a long
period,The beginning of the war is described in chap. 64
under the year 469, which is five years too early. and the Messenians they had allowed
to depart from Ithome under a truce, as we have
said, but of the Helots they had punished those who were responsible for the revolt and had
enslaved the rest.