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Thomas R. Martin, An Overview of Classical Greek History from Mycenae to Alexander 8 0 Browse Search
Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War 4 0 Browse Search
Aristophanes, Birds (ed. Eugene O'Neill, Jr.) 2 0 Browse Search
Aristotle, Economics 2 0 Browse Search
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Aristophanes, Birds (ed. Eugene O'Neill, Jr.), line 1102 (search)
Leader of Second Semi-Chorus I want now to speak to the judges about the prize they are going to award; if they are favourable to us, we will load them with benefits far greater than those Paris received. Firstly, the owls of Laurium, which every judge desires above all things, shall never be wanting to you; you shall see them homing with you, building their nests in your money-bags and laying coins. Besides, you shall be housed like the gods, for we shall erect gables over your dwellings; if you hold some public post and want to do a little pilfering, we will give you the sharp claws of a hawk. Are you dining in town, we will provide you with stomachs as capacious as a bird's crop. But, if your award is against us, don't fail to have metal covers fashioned for yourselves, like those they place over statues; else, look out! for the day you wear a white tunic all the birds will soil it with their droppings.
Aristotle, Economics, Book 2, section 1353a (search)
themselves had assessed. And so, without being chargeable either with discountenancing the officer he had appointed, or with taxing the governors beyond their own estimate, he obtained from the latter many times his previous revenue. Pythocles the Athenian recommended his fellow-countrymen that the State should take over from private citizens the lead obtained from the mines of LauriumThese silver mines were state property; but mining rights therein were let to private citizens. Lead and silver were found in the same ore and had to be separated. The weight of the lead is not specified: it may have been a talent of 80 lbs. See Boeckh, Staatshaushaltung der Athener; and Xen. Ways. at the price of two drachmae which they were asking, and should
Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, Book 2, chapter 55 (search)
After ravaging the plain the Peloponnesians advanced into the Paralian region as far as Laurium, where the Athenian silver mines are, and first laid waste the side looking towards Peloponnese, next that which faces Euboea and Andros. But Pericles, who was still general, held the same opinion as in the former invasion, and would not let the Athenians march out against them.
Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, Book 6, chapter 91 (search)
s of attacking him, since every one naturally knows best his own weak points and fears accordingly. The fortification in question, while it benefits you, will create difficulties for your adversaries, of which I shall pass over many, and shall only mention the chief. Whatever property there is in the country will most of it become yours, either by capture or surrender; and the Athenians will at once be deprived of their revenues from the silver mines at Laurium, of their present gains from their land and from the law courts, and above all of the revenue from their allies, which will be paid less regularly, as they lose their awe of Athens, and see you addressing yourselves with vigour to the war.
Thomas R. Martin, An Overview of Classical Greek History from Mycenae to Alexander, Athenian Empire in the Golden Age (search)
t idealized citizens of perfect physique and beauty , amounted to a claim of special intimacy between the city-state and the gods, a statement of confidence that these honored deities favored the Athenians. Presumably this claim reflected the Athenian interpretation of their success in helping to turn back the Persians, in achieving leadership of a powerful naval alliance, and in controlling, from their silver mines and the allies' dues, an amount of revenue which made Athens richer than all its neighbors in mainland Greece. The Parthenon, like the rest of the Periclean building program, paid honor to the gods with whom the city-state was identified and expressed the Athenian view that the gods looked favorably on their empire. Their success, the Athenians would have said, proved that the gods were on their side.
Thomas R. Martin, An Overview of Classical Greek History from Mycenae to Alexander, The Peloponnesian War and Athenian Life (search)
t. They could pay for the food with the huge financial reserves they had accumulated from the dues of the Delian League and the income from their silver mines. The Athenians could also retreat safely behind their walls in the case of attacks by the superior Spartan infantnian fortunes increased Thuc. 7.27.3-28 when twenty thousand slaves owned by the state and who worked in Athens' silver mines ran away to seek refuge in the Spartan camp. The loss of these slave miners put a stop to the flow of revenue frothe Peloponnesian War from the many interruptions to agriculture and from the catastrophic loss of income from the state's silver mines, that occurred after the Spartan army took up a permanent presence in 413 B.C. Work could thereafter no longer continue a