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Polybius, Histories 602 0 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Orations, for Quintius, Sextus Roscius, Quintus Roscius, against Quintus Caecilius, and against Verres (ed. C. D. Yonge) 226 0 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), History of Rome, books 1-10 (ed. Rev. Canon Roberts) 104 0 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), History of Rome, books 1-10 (ed. Rev. Canon Roberts) 102 0 Browse Search
Cornelius Tacitus, The History (ed. Alfred John Church, William Jackson Brodribb) 92 0 Browse Search
John Conington, Commentary on Vergil's Aeneid, Volume 1 90 0 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), History of Rome, books 1-10 (ed. Rev. Canon Roberts) 80 0 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 80 0 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Orations, The fourteen orations against Marcus Antonius (Philippics) (ed. C. D. Yonge) 78 0 Browse Search
John Conington, Commentary on Vergil's Aeneid, Volume 2 70 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill). You can also browse the collection for Rome (Italy) or search for Rome (Italy) in all documents.

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E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Early Lyric Poetry at Rome. (search)
Early Lyric Poetry at Rome. 1. The beginnings of lyric poetry among the Romans reach back to the prehistoric period of the city, and were as rude and shapeless as was the life of her people. Amid the rough farmer-populace of the turf-walled village by the Tiber the Arval Brethren and the Salii chanted their rude litanies to the rustic deities, - for even then religion was a prime cause in moving men to upon its first period of brilliancy. Amid the hot passions, the vigorous hatreds, the feasts and brawls, the beauty and the coarseness of life in the capital during this most active period in the history of Rome, there arose a school of writers who, though often conservatives in politics, were radicals in poetry. The tendencies of the traditional Roman past were by them utterly disregarded. Inspiration was drawn from th
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Family and circumstances. (search)
the young Italian of that day. He was able early in his young manhood to go to Rome, and to make that city thenceforth his abiding-place (c. 68.34 ff.). He owned a of the Sabine hills (c. 44). And there is no indication that while at Rome he was busy with any pursuit that could fill his purse, although, like many ano and introductory note to c. 4) - at any rate to continue his merry life at Rome, apparently without great pecuniary embarrassment. All these indications point brother. 11. Whether Catullus, like Horace, was accompanied to Rome by his father is doubtful. On the whole, it seems hardly probable that he was. Gaul (Suet. Iul. 73), and this fact may indicate that at no time was the family home at Verona broken up in favor of a new one at Rome.
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Education (search)
e care of some friend of the family at Rome the youth was entrusted. And there were many Transpadanes at Rome, - some of them making great names for themselves in td his introduction into the society of Rome. 13. The purpose of hiere stated, but may easily be divined. Rome was the school of Italy, at ldor of a lively and passionate nature. Rome was from that first moment his home, t(c. 31) could not long detain him from Rome. And at Rome death met him. Rome death met him. 15. In life at Rome, then, Catullus found his full development as aRome, then, Catullus found his full development as a poet. Already from the donning of the toga virilis, so he tells us (c. 68.15 ff.)od antedated or followed his coming to Rome cannot be decided, since the date of p is just as possible that their scene was Rome (cf. introductory note to c. 100), an
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Journey to Bithynia. (search)
e of income may not have been without attractions for him. He had up to this time, too, apparently loved Rome above all other cities, and had not cared to leave it for any considerable period of time, even that he second place, he had been passing through a terrible mental struggle that was perhaps not yet over, and Rome had become painful to him. In the distraction of travel and residence in a foreign clime he might find tlimentary references to him later. But it is not strange that with all his circle of literary friends at Rome he should command influence enough to secure such a post; nor is it strange that C. Memmius, himself a lous joy with which Sirmio is saluted in c. 31 forbids us to suppose that the poet first visited Rome, and later made his way northward. Even the gaiety with which the dedicatory inscription of the model of
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Later years. Relations with Caesar. (search)
Later years. Relations with Caesar. 37. But even Sirmio could not long detain him from his loved Rome. His reappearance among his old friends is marked by a single poem (c. 10), whose gay and charming humor shows that even the vicinity of Lesbia had lost its power I. L. vol. V. passim) show that people of that name also lived in the neighborhood of Verona. It may be, therefore, that the boy came to Rome under the guardianship of Catullus, as perhaps Catullus, years before, under that of Nepos But nothing further is known of him beyond wht (Suet. l.c.). This intimacy may well have led him to see clearly what the result of the approaching struggle for supremacy in Rome was likely to be, and to desire the more eagerly to see his son arrayed for Caesar and not against him. 39. At all event
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Friends and foes. (search)
Varus was at Cremona during the winter and spring of 55-54 B.C., while Catullus was at Verona (cf. § 40), we perhaps have a key to the difference in tone between c. 30 and c. 38. From Cornificius at Rome the poet could expect in his growing illness only written comfort, and that is all he asks. Alfenus Varus at Cremona was within easy reaching distance of Verona by a direct highway, the Via Pon in cc. 28 and 47 (cf. § 68) is probably L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, consul in 58 B.C. (the year of Cicero's exile), and in 57-55 governor of Macedonia, where he made an honorable record. After his return to Rome in 55 B.C. he attempted to reply to certain strictures of Cicero uttered in his absence, and drew down upon himself the overwhelming invective power of his adversary in the famous speech In Pisonem, in which the
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 4 (search)
improbo iracundior Hadria. The proper adjective is here used absolutely. insulas Cycladas: a place of danger to the mariner; cf. Hor. Carm. 1.14.19 interfusa nitentes vites aequora Cycladas . Rhodum nobilem: in more ancient times the island, with its commanding position and excellent harbor, had been a place of much commercial importance, and now its friendship with Rome, its delightful climate, and the residence there of distinguished teachers of philosophy and rhetoric had attracted large numbers of Romans; cf. Hor. Carm. 1.7.1 (and Mart. 4.55.6) claram Rhodon. horridam Propontida: another sea of bad reputation among sailors; cf. the early stories of the cruise of the Argo, and Val. Flac. Arg. 11.645 me fremens tumido circumfluat ore Prop
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 10 (search)
tur cervice Syrorum. lecticam: a covered litter, borne on the shoulders of slaves (lecticarii), and used in Rome at first by women and children, but later by men also, as a vehicle in the city (where carriages were not allowed), and for short journeys llus: etc. — A confidential aside of the poet to the reader, i.e. but I hadn't, and never had had, a single one. hic: i.e. in Rome now. illic: i.e. in Bithynia then. grabati: (Gr. kra/bbatos) a Macedonian word for a bedstead. In later connected in worship with Isis. From Alexandria, where the great Sarapeum stood, the cult spread through Greece and Italy, reaching Rome perhaps as early as the time of Sulla, though it met there with great opposition, and did not attain its height till the end of the first c
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 11 (search)
tener mittit Arabs. Sacas: a nomadic people, called Scythians by the Greeks, dwelling far to the north-east of Parthia and Bactria; cf. Plin. NH 6.17.50 celeberrimi eorum [Scytharum] Sacae , etc. sagittiferos Parthos: with reference, as very often in Latin literature, to the traditional weapon and manner of fighting of these most dreaded enemies of Rome; cf. Hor. Carm. 2.13.17 miles [timet] sagittas et celerem fugam Parthi ; Ov. Rem. Am. 157 vince Cupidineas pariter Parthasque sagittas ; Stat. Theb. 6.575 [credas] Parthorum fuga totidem exsilvisse sagittas. septemgeminus: as having seven mouths; cf. Verg. A. 6.800 septemgemini ostia Nili ; Ov. Met. 1.422
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill), Poem 14 (search)
at the poem was not written till after the great speech of Calvus against Vatinius, recorded in 53. It cannot, therefore, be assigned to an earlier date than the year 58 B.C., and probably was written on the Saturnalia of 56 B.C. (cf. introductory note to Catul. 53.1). On the Saturnalia of the year 57, Catullus was apparently in Bithynia, and on that of 55, quite possibly in Verona, while this poem appears to have been written in or near Rome.—Meter, Phalaecean. ni te: cf. the opening verses of the address of Maecenas to, Horace quoted by Suet. Vit. Hor.: ni te visceribus meis, Horati, plus iam diligo, etc. plus oculis: cf. Catul. 3.5n. iucundissime: in about the same sense as carissime; Calvus is addressed as iucunde in Catul. 50.16, cf. also Catul. 62.47 Catul. 64.215 odissem: I would ha
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