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x or seven thousand men, at Pocahontas, in Northeastern Arkansas. Some ineffectual attempts were made toward combined movements by this force with Price and with Pillow, who became otherwise employed. But virulent types of camp epidemics disabled his command, and nothing of importance was accomplished. Thus, General Johnston give assurances on the part of the South that the neutrality of Kentucky should be respected. This agreement enabled General Buckner to arrest a movement of General Pillow, who was about to seize Columbus, Kentucky, with Tennessee troops. The inhabitants of this commanding site were strongly Southern in feeling, and, under a violent apprehension that their town was in danger, had induced General Pillow to consent to occupy it. He now suspended his movement, and General Buckner placed Colonel Tilghman there, with six companies of the State Guard, with orders to enforce neutrality, give protection to all citizens claiming it, and restrain our own citizens
was mainly composed of a part of the Tennessee State army, together with some few Confederate troops in Mississippi. General Pillow, as the representative of the Tennessee State forces, was in chief command at Memphis; and the credit of all that hadssissippians under Brigadier-General Charles Clark. Polk had taken command on July 13th, and, two weeks after, sent General Pillow with 6,000 men to New Madrid, on the right bank of the Mississippi. This point was important, because its occupations irregular command. It has already been seen that this plan failed through want of cooperation. Both Generals Polk and Pillow felt the pressing necessity for the occupation of Columbus, and on August 28th Pillow wrote to Polk urging its immediate hese positions. From the nature of the surrounding country the larger portion of the work was required upon Columbus and Pillow; and a proportionate amount was put on No. 10 and New Madrid; so that when the time came to occupy them, they, as well as
able to repel a direct attack on Bowling Green, and considered Columbus secure. At Columbus there were some 12,000 effectives, in a commanding position, behind strong fortifications, and with sufficient heavy artillery. Indeed, not having been properly informed of the reductions in the garrison from sickness and other causes, he estimated the force there at 16,000 men, and sought to strengthen his line where most vulnerable by a detachment from it. For this purpose, he ordered Polk to send Pillow, with 5,000 men, to Clarksville, where, with the troops at Fort Donelson and Fort Henry, he could defend that section from sudden irruption. The battle of Belmont, however, intervened, delaying Pillow's removal; after which, on the ground of an imperious necessity, all his generals concurring, Polk suspended the order. It was represented to General Johnston that but 6,000 effectives would be left at Columbus, confronted by 25,000 men, who were being largely reinforced from Missouri. In a
s camp. I sent over three regiments under General Pillow to his relief; then at intervals three otho cross over in force. The language of General Pillow's report will best describe the opening ofments, all told, numbered about 2,500. General Pillow threw forward three companies of skirmisheacle. lie engaged the skirmishers sent out by Pillow, at twenty minutes past nine o'clock, and at arently greatly over-estimated by both Polk and Pillow, and by the Confederates generally, who placede as often rallied by the officers, and by General Pillow in person. Dougherty, in his report, sayss aided by the troops that had been rallied by Pillow, and by General Cheatham, who had preceded his saved the Federal column. On coming up with Pillow, Polk ordered the pursuit to be renewed, himse escaped untouched. General Polk complimented Pillow and his officers for their courage. A membhanks and congratulations to Generals Polk and Pillow, and to the men engaged, concludes: This
nited States Government. By an act of Congress, approved December 10th, Kentucky was admitted a member of the Confederate States of America on an equal footing with the other States of this Confederacy. On November 11th a large Dahlgren gun burst at Columbus, killing Captain Reiter, Lieutenant Snowden, and five gunners. General Polk was injured, the shock producing deafness, sickness, and great nervous prostration, which lasted several weeks. In the mean time his duties devolved on General Pillow. Polk offered his resignation, which was declined. He wrote to General Johnston, November 28th, I have waived my resignation, as Davis seems very much opposed to it, and shall endeavor to do my duty. A reference to Chapter XXII. will show that General Johnston was earnestly striving to raise troops during November and December, and it was about this time, November 19th, that he called on Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama, to furnish him militia, using the most urgent appeals.
ts was garrisoned by a regiment of infantry, supporting the artillery-companies stationed in them. When the movement of the Federal army was made along the lines, early in November, General Johnston, fearing an attack on the Cumberland, ordered Pillow from Columbus, with 5,000 men, to defend this line. Why this movement was not made has already been explained in a previous chapter; but the following extract from a letter of General Johnston to the Secretary of War, November 15th, is not out oee of all kinds. Twelve officers and sixty-six non-commissioned officers and privates were surrendered with the fort. Captain Foote treated his prisoners with courtesy, though the contrary has sometimes been alleged. In a letter written to General Pillow, February 10th, Colonel Gilmer expressed the opinion that the comparatively small damage done to the gunboats was due in great measure to the want of skill in the men who served the guns, and not to the invulnerability of the boats themselves
ended to leave Pillow to defend the fort. But Pillow thought if the whole of Floyd's army could not, adding: I do not know the wants of General Pillow, nor yours, nor the position of General BuFebruary, Buckner commanded the right wing and Pillow the left. Certain regiments were held more report, March 12, 1862: About noon, General Pillow directed the left wing to be formed in thed not more than one-fourth of a mile, when General Pillow ordered a countermarch, saying it was too the battle of Dover was so called by General Pillow from its initial point. Baldwin's brigadeong brigade, to receive the combined attack of Pillow and Buckner, who now entered on the contest. ain that both he and I were convinced that General Pillow agreed with us in opinion. General Pillowon of who should make the surrender, Floyd and Pillow both declared they would not surrender; they wmy act upon my communication. Floyd said, General Pillow, I turn over the command. Pillow, regardi[30 more...]
cement of the surrender of Donelson: General Johnston's headquarters were in Edgefield, opposite Nashville. About midnight a dispatch was received from General Pillow, announcing a victory complete and glorious. We were jubilant over the result. All went to bed happy, the general and myself occupying the same room. Just the general's request read to him the astounding official statement that the place would capitulate at daylight, and the army be surrendered by Buckner, Floyd and Pillow having left on steamboats for Nashville I The general was lying on a little camp-bed in one corner; he was silent a moment, and then asked me to read the dispatchelegations of public functionaries and private citizens who were crowding round him for advice under the changed state of affairs. He received Generals Floyd and Pillow with the greatest courtesy, and made the former commandant of the post at Nashville. The excitement and confusion continued, and on Monday night an immense mob b
er and confidence of final success. Floyd and Pillow again. correspondence between President Davis three divisions under Hardee, Crittenden, and Pillow respectively; with a reserve brigade under Breill notice his treatment of Generals Floyd and Pillow, in the very midst of the denunciations pouredrily said to me, I intend to sustain Floyd and Pillow. Their conduct was irregular, but its repetit The reports of Brigadier-Generals Floyd and Pillow are unsatisfactory, and the President directs ith the official reports of Generals Floyd and Pillow of the events at Donelson, and suppose that he transmitted the reports of Generals Floyd and Pillow without examining or analyzing the facts, and elson. The force at Donelson is stated in General Pillow's report at much less, and I do not doubt useful. For these reasons, Generals Floyd and Pillow were assigned to duty, for I still felt confidigation have been ordered. Generals Floyd and Pillow have been suspended from command. This was
l at New Orleans; and Chalmers's and Walker's commands, as stated. To these were added such new levies as the Governors had in rendezvous, who in this emergency were sent to the front, even without arms, and a few regiments which were raised in response to General Beauregard's call. It will be remembered that General Johnston's plan of concentration at Corinth, long contemplated, had taken shape as soon as Donelson fell. On February 21st Mackall, adjutant-general, telegraphed to General Pillow, who was at Columbia, that General Johnston's retreat will be toward Shelbyville. On the same day orders were given to send Cleburne's regiment to Decatur. On February 24th General Johnston telegraphed President Davis: My movement has been delayed by a storm on the 22th, washing away pike and railroad-bridge at this place. Floyd, 2,500 strong, will march for Chattanooga to-morrow, to defend. This army will move on the 26th, by Decatur, for the valley of the Mississippi. Is in
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