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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Antietam, battle of. (search)
sition. The Confederates, reinforced by fresh troops, fought desperately. Finally, Richardson was mortally wounded, and Gen. W. S. Hancock succeeded him in command, when a charge was made that drove the Confederates in great confusion. Night soon closed the action on the National right and centre. General Meagher had been wounded and carried from the field, when the command of his troops devolved on Colonel Burke. During the fierce strifes of the day Porter's corps, with artillery and Pleasonton's cavalry, had remained on the east side of the stream, as a reserve, until late in the afternoon, when McClellan sent over some brigades. On the morning of the 17th the left, under Burnside, engaged in a desperate struggle for the possession of a bridge just below Sharpsburg. That commander had been ordered to cross it and attack the Confederates. It was a difficult task, and Burnside, exposed to a raking fire from the Confederate batteries and an enfilading fire from sharp-shooters,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Averill, William woods, 1832- (search)
was graduated at West Point in 1855. Entering the Mounted Rifles. he distinguished himself in New Mexico by the surprise and capture of a body of Indians. In that warfare he was severely wounded. Soon after the breaking out of the Civil War he was chosen colonel of a regiment of Pennsylvania cavalry, and became brigadier-general of volunteers in September. 1862. He had taken an active part in the battles on the Peninsula and in Pope's campaign in July and August, 1862. He reinforced Pleasonton in the advance after the battle of Antietam, and was afterwards very active in Virginia, especially in the mountain regions, in 1863. There had been comparative quiet in that region after the close of 1861 until the summer and fall of 1863, when General Averill, with a cavalry force, made extensive raids in that mountainous country. Before the close of that year he had nearly purged western Virginia of armed Confederates, and seriously interrupted railway communication between the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chancellorsville, battle of (search)
Hooker had made his headquarters in the spacious brick house of Mr. Chancellor, and sent out Pleasonton's cavalry to reconnoitre. A part of these encountered the Confederate cavalry, under Stuart, rmed his left; Slocum's, and a division of Sickles's, his centre, and Howard's his right, with Pleasonton's cavalry near. Lee's forces had the Virginia cavalry of Owen and Wickham on the right, and Sas directed to fall back and attack Jackson's left flank. He was in a critical situation, but Pleasonton saved him by a quick and skilful movement, greatly assisting in checking the pursuit. This was done long enough for Pleasonton to bring his own horse-artillery and more than twenty of Sickles's guns to bear upon the Confederates, and to pour into their ranks a destructive storm of grape and canister shot. Generals Warren and Sickles soon came to Pleasonton's assistance, when there was a severe struggle for the possession of cannon. Meanwhile Lee was making a strong artillery Ruins of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
nce at Augusta, Ga., and resolved to strengthen the Confederate army with white men and negroes.—18. Some of the feminine nobility of England and Confederate women opened a fair in Liverpool for the benefit of the Confederate cause.—22. General Auger, about this time, put in practice an effective way of defending National army trains on the Manassas Gap Railway from guerillas, by placing in each train, in conspicuous positions, eminent Confederates residing within the Union lines.—25. General Pleasonton, in pursuit of Price in Missouri, attacked him near the Little Osage River; captured Generals Marmaduke and Cabell, and 1,000 men, and sent the remainder flying southward.—28. General Gillem defeated the Confederates at Morristown, Tenn., taking 500 prisoners and thirteen guns.—31. Plymouth, N. C., taken by Commander Macomb.—Nov. 5. Forrest, with artillery, at Johnsville, Tenn., destroyed three tin-clad gunboats and seven transports belonging to the Nationals.—8. Gen. George B.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 (search)
ed the various corps of his army at all the points protecting the approach to Washington, from Centerville up to Leesburg. From this vantage ground the rebel general in vain attempted to draw him. In the mean time, by the vigorous operation of Pleasonton's cavalry, the cavalry of Stuart, though greatly superior in numbers, was so crippled as to be disabled from performing the part assigned it in the campaign. In this manner General Lee's first object, namely, the defeat of Hooker's army on thethe river. Stuart, who had been sent with his cavalry to the east of the Blue Ridge to guard the passes of the mountains, to mask the movements of Lee, and to harass the Union general in crossing the river, having been very severely handled by Pleasonton at Beverly Ford, Aldie, and Upperville, instead of being able to retard General Hooker's advance, was driven himself away from his connection with the army of Lee, and was cut off for a fortnight from all communications with it—a circumstance
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kelly, James Edward 1855- (search)
lptor of General Deven and the 6th New York Cavalry and the Buford Monument. In 1891 he produced the colossal figure, The call to arms, for the Soldiers' Monument at Troy, N. Y. In 1895 he furnished the Long Island panel, for the Sons of the Revolution; in 1897 the memorial of the battle of Harlem Heights on the grounds of Columbia University, also for the Sons of the Revolution; and in 1901 was engaged on a monument to commemorate the defence of New Haven, for the Sons of the American Revolution. Besides these works he has produced heads of the principal commanders of the Civil War from life, including Generals Grant. Sheridan, Sherman, Hancock. Stanley, Pleasonton, etc.; a portrait bust of Admiral Worden; busts and statuettes from life of Admiral Dewey, Rear-Admiral Sampson, and Lieutenant Hobson; and heads from life of the captains of Dewey's and Sampson's fleets, and of the principal army officers of the Spanish-American War, and an equestrian statue of Gen. Fitz-John Porter.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, State of. (search)
ier than this, Clement C. Barclay, of Philadelphia, who had rare opportunities for information, had warned the authorities at Washington, Baltimore, and Harrisburg of impending danger, but they were slow to believe Lee would repeat the folly of the previous year. Lee's first movement in that direction was to get Hooker from the Rappahannock by feints and a real flanking movement. There was considerable preliminary cavalry skirmishing early in June, and finally a cavalry reconnoissance by Pleasonton revealed the fact of Lee's grand movement. Hooper supposed he would follow his route of the previous year, and was watching and guarding the fords of the Rappahannock, when Lee projected his right wing, under Ewell, through the Blue Ridge into the Shenandoah Valley at Strasburg. He pushed down the valley to Winchester, where General Milroy was in command of nearly 10,000 men, on the evening of June 13, having marched 70 miles in three days. It was a bold movement. Milroy called in his
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Missouri, (search)
him. General Ewing, with a brigade of National troops struck him an astounding blow at Pilot Knob. Soon afterwards these and other troops under Gen. A. J. Smith and General Mower sent Price flying westward towards Kansas, closely pursued. This chase was enlivened by several skirmishes, and late in November Price was a fugitive in western Arkansas with a broken and dispirited army. This was the last invasion of Missouri by the Confederates. In the expulsion of Price from Missouri Gen. Alfred Pleasonton (q. v.) bore a conspicuous part. The total loss of the Nationals during the invasion was 346 killed and wounded. Price left Missouri much weaker than when he entered it. On Jan. 6, 1865, another convention assembled at St. Louis and framed a new constitution, which was ratified by a popular vote in June following. During the war Missouri furnished to the National army 108,773 troops. In 1869 the legislature of Missouri ratified the Fifteenth Amendment to the national Constituti
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pleasonton, Alfred 1824-1897 (search)
Pleasonton, Alfred 1824-1897 Military officer; born in Washington, D. C., June 7, 1824; graduated at West Point in 1844, entering the dragoons. He served in the war against Mexico, and afterwards in California, New Mexico, and Texas. For several years he was assistant adjutantgeneral and adjutant-general to General Harney, and in the fall of 1861 was acting colonel of the 2d Cavalry. He was made brigadier-general of volunteers in July, 1862, and took command of Stoneman's cavalry brigadetoneman's cavalry brigade, leading the van when McClellan crossed the Potomac, in October. Pleasonton was in the battles at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, and was afterwards efficient in driving Price out of Missouri, in 1864. In March, 1865, he was brevetted major-general United States army for meritorious services during the rebellion. He resigned his commission in 1868, and was placed on the retired list as colonel in 1888. He died in Washington, D. C., Feb. 17, 1897.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), South Mountain, battle of (search)
ght and centre by way of Turner's Gap; and the left, composed of Franklin's corps, went by the way of Crampton's Gap, on the same range, nearer Harper's Ferry. The division of D. H. Hill was the only Confederate force guarding Turner's Gap, and McLaws was guarding Crampton's Gap. The Confederates had no idea that the Nationals would make such a vigorous pursuit as they did; but on the morning of Sept. 14, a startling apparition met the eyes of the Confederates from the mountain heights. Pleasonton's cavalry was leading nearly the whole of the National army down the Kittoctan Hills and across the valley towards South Mountain. A portion of General Cox's division of Ohio troops reached the borders of the Gap early in the forenoon, and, under the cover of a portion of McMullin's battery, Cox pressed up the wooded and rocky acclivity. He was at first confronted by Garland's division, which was badly cut up and its commander killed in the severe action that ensued. The place of this d