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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), How Jefferson Davis was overtaken. (search)
thern Confederacy, Gathered Behind the Scenes in Richmond, by Edward A. Pollard, author of The lost cause, etc., an octavo volume bearing theresuming upon its favors as natural rights or irrevocable gifts, Mr. Pollard goes on to add: Rienzi, at another time, attempted to esand was thus painfully hurried in its evacuation of its capital, Mr. Pollard says, in the work from which I am quoting: The statement is untr, 505, 506, and 507.) I do not undertake to decide as to whether Mr. Pollard or Mr. Reagan is more worthy of belief. My aim is merely to givch I make the statements in this narrative. The declarations of Mr. Pollard are sufficiently explicit to.justify me in their quotation., thal Munger. The following account of Davis' capture is taken from Pollard's work, previously mentioned: But the last device of the dislence to the facts of history. It will be observed that even Mr. Pollard admits that Mrs. Davis besought her husband to escape, and urgin
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 1: the political Conventions in 1860. (search)
platform of principles, but went no further then. They refrained from nominating a candidate for the Presidency of the Republic, and refused to listen to a proposition to send forth an address to the people. Their appointed work for the present was finished. They had accomplished the positive disruption of the Democratic party, which, as a Southern historian of the war says, had become demoralized on the Slavery question, and were unreliable and rotten, First Year of the War: by Edward A. Pollard. Richmond, 1862, page 28. because they held independent views on that great topic of national discussion. The paralysis or destruction of that party would give the Presidency to a Republican candidate, and then the conspirators would have a wished — for pretext for rebellion. When, in 1832 and 1833, Calhoun and his associates in South Carolina attempted to strike a deadly blow at our nationality, they made a protective tariff, which they called an oppression of the cotton-growing
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 5: events in Charleston and Charleston harbor in December, 1860.--the conspirators encouraged by the Government policy. (search)
urchased by the States and citizens, it was safely estimated that the South entered upon the war with one hundred and fifty thousand small arms of the most approved modern pattern, and the best in the world. The First Year of the War: by Edward A. Pollard, page 67. Pollard was in public employment at Washington during Buchanan's Administration, and was in the secret councils of the conspirators. General Scott afterward asserted Letter on the early history of the rebellion, December 2, 186Pollard was in public employment at Washington during Buchanan's Administration, and was in the secret councils of the conspirators. General Scott afterward asserted Letter on the early history of the rebellion, December 2, 1862. that Rhode Island, Delaware, and Texas had not drawn, at the close of 1860, their annual quotas of arms, and Massachusetts, Tennessee, and Kentucky only in part; while Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Kansas were, by order of the Secretary of War, supplied with their quotas for 1861 in advance, and Pennsylvania and Maryland in part. This advance of arms to the eight Southern States was in addition to the transfer, at about the same time, of on
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 12: the inauguration of President Lincoln, and the Ideas and policy of the Government. (search)
is less perfect than before, the Constitution having lost the vital element of perpetuity. For a quarter of a century, conspirators against the nationality of the Republic had been teaching the opposite doctrine, until, at the beginning of the war, it was proclaimed as a fundamental dogma of the political creed of the conspirators and the Oligarchy, that the Union was a temporary compact, and the National Government no government at all, but only the agent of the Sovereign States. Edward A. Pollard editor of the Richmond Examiner, who wrote a history of the war, opens his first volume with these remarkable words as the key-note to his whole performance:--The American people of the present generation were born in the belief that the Union of the States was destined to be perpetual A few minds rose superior to this natal delusion, et caetera. It follows, from these views, that no State, upon its own mere motion, can lawfully get out of the Union ; that resolves and ordinance
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 14: the great Uprising of the people. (search)
r that ensued. Thus surrounded by an atmosphere of sophistry and adulation, which conveyed to their ears few accents of truth or reason; confident of the support of kings, and queens, and emperors of the Old World, who would rejoice if a great calamity should overtake the menacing Republic of the West, and sitting complacently at the feet of King Cotton, The mightiest monarch of all, these men received the President's Proclamation with derisive laughter, First Year of the War: by E. A. Pollard, page 59. and for the moment treated the whole affair as a solemn farce. The following advertisement is copied from the first inside business column of the Mobile Advertiser of April 16, now before me:-- 75,000 Coffins wanted. Proposals will be received to supply the Confederacy with 75,000 Black Coffins. No proposals will be entertained coming north of Mason and Dixon's Line. Direct to Jeff. Davis, Montgomery, Ala Ap. 16, 1t. This was intended as an intimatio
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 21: beginning of the War in Southeastern Virginia. (search)
into a morass, much of the time impassable, according to the testimony of George Scott, the negro guide. They had erected a strong earthwork on each side of the road, which commanded the bridge, and a line of intrenchments along the bank of the wooded swamp on their right. Immediately in the rear of their works was a wooden structure known as Big Bethel Church. Behind these works, which were masked by green boughs, and partly concealed by a wood, were about eighteen hundred insurgents Pollard's First Year of the War, page 77. (many of them cavalry), under Colonel Magruder, composed of Virginians and a North Carolina regiment under Colonel D. H. Hill. They were reported to be four thousand strong, with twenty pieces of heavy cannon; and such was Kilpatrick's estimate, after a reconnoissance. Kilpatrick's Report. Notwithstanding this reputed strength of the insurgents, and thee weariness of his troops, who had been up all night, and had marched many miles in the hot sunbea
ted by the Confederates before Mr. Lincoln's inauguration, with the exception of Fortress Monroe (Virginia), Fort Sumter (South Carolina), Fort Pickens (Florida), and the fortresses on Key West and the Tortugas, off the Florida coast. To offset these, they had full possession of Fort Macon, North Carolina, though that State had utterly refused to unite in the conspiracy, with the extensive and costly Navy Yard at Pensacola, and the Southern Arsenals, which their Floyd had crammed Mr. Edward A. Pollard, in his Southern [Rebel] History of the War, page 40, thus sums up the cheap initial conquests of the Confederacy: On the incoming of the Administration of Abraham Lincoln, on the 4th of March, the rival government of the South had perfected its organization; the separation had been widened and envenomed by the ambidexterity and perfidy of President Buchanan; the Southern people, however, still hoped for a peaceful accomplishment of their independence, and deplored war between th
dvancing wave of civilized settlement and cultivation. Our Indian wars of the present century have nearly all been fought on our western and south-western borders; our last war with Great Britain was condemned as unwise and unnecessary by a large proportion of the Northern people; so was the war upon Mexico: so that it may be fairly said that, while the South and South-West had been repeatedly accustomed to hostilities during the present century, the North and East had known very little Pollard, in his Southern History of our struggle, smartly, if not quite accurately, says: In the war of 1812, the North furnished 58,552 soldiers; the South 96,812--making a majority of 37,030 in favor of the South. Of the number furnished by the North-- Massachusetts furnished3,110 New Hampshire furnished897 Connecticut furnished387 Rhode Island furnished637 Vermont furnished181   In all5,162 While the State of South Carolina furnished 5,696. In the Mexican War, Massachuse
reful observation of the works, he countermanded. Instead of assaulting, he directed a more thorough reconnoissance to be made, and the troops to be so posted as to be ready for decisive work early in the morning. But, when daylight dawned, the enemy were missing. Floyd, disappointed in the expected support of Wise, and largely outnumbered, had wisely withdrawn his forces under cover of the night, abandoning a portion of his equipage, much baggage, and a few small arms, but no cannon. Pollard says of this conflict: The successful resistance of this attack of the enemy, in the neighborhood of Carnifex Ferry, was one of the most remarkable incidents of the campaign in Western Virginia. The force of Gen. Floyd's command was 1,740 men; and from 3 o'clock P. M. until night-fall it sustained, with unwavering determination and the most brilliant success, an assault from an enemy between eight and nine thousand strong, made with small-arms, grape, and round-shot, from howitzers and
the open field, half a mile from the well-sheltered Rebel batteries in his front. Our balls, of course, buried themselves harmlessly in the Rebel earthworks; Pollard says: The only injury received from their artillery was the loss of a mule. while our men, though partially screened by woods and houses, were exposed to a dead actually engaged in this celebrated battle, so decisive in its results and so important in its consequences, were probably not far from 25,000 on either side; Pollard, in his Southern History, says: Our effective force of all arms ready for action on the field, on the eventful morning, was less than 30,000 men. This wasge that the power of the Government is ready, at a moment's notice, to be applied and used. II. The flagrant disobedience and defection of Gen. Patterson, Pollard, in his Southern History, blandly says: The best service which the army of the Shenandoah could render was to prevent the defeat of that of the Potomac. To b
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