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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 24 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Census, United States (search)
ess, etc.; also, similar information was asked for in regard to express and telegraph companies; experts were employed in place of the enumerators to collect social and manufacturing statistics. General Walker was appointed superintendent of the census April 1, 1879; resigned Nov. 3, 1881; and was succeeded by Charles W. Seaton, who died before the work was completed. The office of superintendent of the census was abolished in 1885, and was re-established by the act of March 1, 1889. Robert P. Porter was appointed superintendent of the Population of the United States in 1890 and 1900. States and Territories.Population.Increase Since 1900.1890.1890. Alabama1,828,6971,513,017315,680 Alaska63,44132,05231,389 Arizona122,93159,62063,311 Arkansas1,311,5641,128,179183,385 California1,485,0531,208,130276,923 Colorado539,70041,2,198127,502 Connecticut908,355746,258162,097 Delaware184,735168,49316,242 District of Columbia278,718230,39248,326 Florida528,542391,422137,120 Georgi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chickasaw Bayou, battle of (search)
Chickasaw Bayou, battle of When Gen. W. T. Sherman came down from Memphis to engage in the siege of Vicksburg, late in 1862, with about 20,000 men and some heavy siege guns, he was joined by troops from Helena, Ark., and was met by a gunboat fleet, under Admiral Porter, at the mouth of the Yazoo River, just above the city (Dec. 25). The two commanders arranged a plan for attacking Vicksburg in the rear. They went up the Yazoo to capture some batteries at Chickasaw Bayou and other points. The Yazoo sweeps round in a great bend within a few miles of Vicksburg. The range of hills on which Vicksburg stands extends to the Yazoo, about 12 miles above the city, where they terminate in Haines's Bluff. There is a deep natural ditch extending from the Yazoo below Haines's Bluff to the Mississippi, called Chickasaw Bayou, passing near the bluffs, which were fortified, and along their bases were rifle-pits for sharp-shooters. This bayou lay in the path of Sherman's march up the bluff
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chippewa, battle of (search)
s were only two miles apart. At about noon Scott was joined by General Porter, with his volunteers and Indians. The British had also been reeach other for some time, when preliminary skirmishing was begun by Porter with marked success. The Indians behaved gallantly under the leaded corps, severely smitten, fled back in affright towards Chippewa. Porter pursued, and found himself within a few yards of the entire Britishh made a furious charge with bayonets. Hearing nothing from Scott, Porter ordered a retreat. It became a tumultuous rout. It was now towards evening. Brown had been watching Porter's movements with great anxiety, and had ordered Scott to cross Street's Creek, when Porter's flPorter's flying troops were observed. Riall had sent forward some Royal Scots, part of another regiment of regulars, a regiment of Lincoln militia, and Bridge in 1861, looking North. These composed the force that fought Porter. Scott crossed Street's Creek in the face of a heavy cannonade, an
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Porter, Robert P. 1852- (search)
Porter, Robert P. 1852- Journalist: born in Markham Hall, England, June 30, 1852; received a common school education, and came to the United States early in life. He became connected with the Chicago Inter-Ocean in 1872; was a member of the tariff commission in 1882; later established the New York Press; was superintendent of the eleventh census, in 1889-93; and special United States commissioner to Cuba and Porto Rico in 1898-99. He is the author of The West in 1880; Life of William McKinley; Municipal ownership at home and abroad; and Industrial Cuba.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tariff. (search)
be paid into the treasury, by act of......June 22, 1874 Tariff law amended by act of Congress......Feb. 8, 1875 Salts and sulphate of quinine put on the free-list......July 1, 1879 Act creating a tariff commission of nine civilians appointed by the President to visit different sections of the country in the interest of tariff revision and report......May 15, 1882 Tariff commission, consisting of John L. Hayes, president, Henry W. Oliver, Jr., Austin M. Garland, Jacob Ambler, Robert P. Porter, John W. H. Underwood, Duncan F. Kenner, Alexander R. Boetler, and William H. McMahon, organizes at the Ebbitt House, Washington, D. C.,......July 6, 1882 Report of tariff commission submitted to Congress and referred to ways and means committee......Dec. 4, 1882 Act passed repealing section 2510 of the Revised Statutes (levying an additional duty of 10 per cent. on goods from places west of the Cape of Good Hope), May 4, and amended......Dec. 23, 1882 Senate reports a tariff
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tatnall, Josiah -1871 (search)
Tatnall, Josiah -1871 Naval officer; born near Savannah, Ga., Nov. 9, 1796; entered the United States navy in 1812; rose to captain in 1850; first served in the frigate Constellation, and assisted in the repulse of the British at Craney Island in 1813. He afterwards served under Perry and Porter, and was engaged on the Mexican coast during the war against Mexico. He entered the Confederate service; improvised a flotilla known as the Mosquito Fleet, and attempted to defend Port Royal Sound against Dupont. He commanded at Norfolk when the Merrimac was destroyed, and the Mosquito Fleet at Savannah. He died in Savannah, Ga., June 14, 1871.