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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 6 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Booth, John Wilkes, (search)
Booth, John Wilkes, Assassin born in Harford county, Md., in 1839: son of Junius Brutus Booth, and brother of Edwin T. Booth: made his appearance as an actor in early manhood. When the Civil War broke out he took sides with the South. Brooding over the lost cause of the Confederacy he formed a conspiracy with Powell, Surratt, and others, to assassinate President Lincoln. O n the evening of April 14, 1865, the President, Mrs. Lincoln, and a party of friends went to Ford's Theatre, in Washington, to witness a performance of Our American cousin. While the play was in progress Booth entered the President's box, and shot the President in the back of the head. Then, shouting Sic semper tyrannis! the assassin leaped upon the stage and made his escape on a horse in waiting. He was pursued and overtaken, concealed in a bar n near Bowling Green . Va., and, refusing John Wilkes Booth. to surrender, was shot dead, April 26, 1865. See Lincoln, Abraham.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cushing, Frank Hamilton 1857- (search)
Cushing, Frank Hamilton 1857- Ethnologist; born in Northeast, Pa., July 22, 1857; became interested early in life in collecting Indian relics. In 1875 he was commissioned by Prof. Spencer F. Baird to make surveys and collections for the National Museum; in 1876 was the curator of the ethnological exhibit of the National Museum at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia; in 1879 was assistant ethnologist with Major J. W. Powell in the expedition to New Mexico; and at his own request was left with the Zuni Indians, where he lived for three years, and later for three additional years; acquired their language and traditions; was initiated into their priesthood; and was thus the first white man to learn the true character of Indian secret societies. In 1881 he discovered the ruins of the Seven Cities of Cibola, and conducted excavations among them and the great buried cities in southern Arizona. In 1895 he discovered the extensive remains of a sea-dwelling people along the Gulf c
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Powell, John Wesley 1834- (search)
Powell, John Wesley 1834- Naturalist; born in Mount Morris, N. Y., March 24, 1834; graduated at Illinois Wesleyan College; served in the 2d Illinois Artillery during the Civil War; lost his right arm at the battle of Shiloh; and was promoted major. In 1869 he explored the Grand Cañon of the Colorado River, and his success in that undertaking resulted in a systematic survey by the Smithsonian Institution, and later by the Department of the Interior. He was made director of the United States bureau of ethnology in 1879, and of the United States geological survey in 1880; resigned the latter in 1894, but retained the former. His publications include Explorations of the Colorado River; Report on Geology of the Uinta Mountains; Report on arid regions of United States; Introduction to the study of Indian Languages; Studies in Sociology; Cañons of the Colorado, et
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arizona, (search)
torial government and fixes its temporary seat near Fort Whipple......Dec. 29, 1863 First territorial legislature adopts a mining law and the so-called Howell code of general laws; sits......Sept. 26–Nov. 10, 1864 Tueson made the capital by a majority of one vote......1867 Arizona a military district by order of General Halleck......October, 1867 Act to establish public schools in the Territory and a board of education and levying a tax of 10 cents on each $100......1868 Major J. W. Powell, for the Smithsonian Institution with a party of ten, in four boats, descends the cañon of the Colorado from Green River to Rio Virgin......May–August, 1869 Arizona and southern California made a military department, headquarters at Fort Whipple......1869 Forty citizens and 100 Papagos from Tucson and vicinity massacre eighty-five Indian prisoners of war (seventy-seven of them women and children) at Camp Grant, and capture thirty, who are sold to the Papagos as slaves. (One hundr