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D. H. Hill, Jr., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 4, North Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 54 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 28 0 Browse Search
Col. J. Stoddard Johnston, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 9.1, Kentucky (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 28 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 24 0 Browse Search
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies. 10 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 20. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 8 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 37. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 6 0 Browse Search
Daniel Ammen, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 7.2, The Atlantic Coast (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 4 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 30. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
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Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 1: the situation. (search)
attempted. From that date the daily reports show that from the 16th of May to the 31st of October, 1864, there have been received into this hospital and treated for at least forty-eight hours, 68,540 sick and wounded officers and men. Rebellion Records, Serial 60, p. 271, and Serial 67, p. 269. I have often thought it would be profitable reading for some if a competent observer would recount the scenes at the rear of a fighting army removing from the field after a great battle. A gl5; missing, 23,858;--an aggregate of 88,405, a result far more striking than those adduced, and more than confirming the statement of our losses as by far exceeding the whole number of men in Lee's army at any time in this last campaign. Rebellion Records, Serial 67, p. 193. I offer no apology for this long survey of figures. There is abundant reason for it for the sake of fact, as well as occasion in existing sentiment. Among other interesting reflections, these facts and figures aff
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 3: the White Oak Road. (search)
's Division numbered, according to returns of March 30, 169 officers and 2830 men, present for duty. he permitted his demonstration on Five Forks to be turned into a reconnaissance half-way out, General Merritt's despatch of March 30th. Rebellion Records, Serial 97, p. 326. his advance being checked at the forks of the Ford and Boisseau Road, where it remained all night and until itself attacked the next morning. General Fitzhugh Lee's testimony. Warren Court Records, vol. i., p. 469. tch to Grant, March 30th, 2.45 P. M., and Grant's reply thereto; Records, Warren Court of Inquiry, vol. II., p. 1309. It afterwards transpired that Sheridan's cavalry did not long hold this position. Grant's despatch to Meade, March 31st, Rebellion Records, Serial 97, p. 339. General Grant's wishes, as now understood, were that we should gain possession of the White Oak Road in our front. This was indicated in a despatch from him March 30th, to General Meade, the purport of which was kno
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 4: Five Forks. (search)
all. Pickett narrowly escaped the shots of our men as he attempted to pass them to reach his broken lines towards the White Oak Road. It is also remarkable that General Robert E. Lee, although himself alert, was not kept informed by Fitzhugh Lee or Pickett of the movements of the Fifth Corps in relation to Five Forks, and that Lee was led by a word from Pickett to suppose that Fitzhugh Lee's and Rosser's cavalry were both close in support of Pickett's left flank at Five Forks. Rebellion Records, serial 95, p. 1264. This was not the truth. Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry under Munford was over a thousand yards east of Pickett's left at the beginning and during the day was pressed around his rear so as to reach his troops after their lines had all been broken. And as for Rosser's cavalry they were at no time on the field. We know now that General Lee afterwards wrote General Wade Hampton in these words: Had you been at Five Forks with your cavalry the disaster would not have befallen
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 45: exchange of prisoners and Andersonville. (search)
that the Federal Commander informed him that no exchanges would be made and no paroles respected. Therefore 4,000 Federal prisoners unnecessarily suffered the hardship of a march, under guard, from Gettysburg to Richmond. The following is General Meade's telegram to his superior officer: Gettysburg, July 4, 1863, 10 P. M. Major-General Halleck: A proposition made by General Lee under flag of truce, to exchange prisoners, was declined by me. George G. Meade, Major-General. Rebellion Records, vol. XXVII. His action was confirmed by his Government. On October 1, 1864, when the number of prisoners was large on both sides, General Lee wrote to General Grant substantially as follows: To alleviate the sufferings of our soldiers, I propose the exchange of prisoners of war taken by the armies operating in Virginia, man for man, or upon the basis established by the cartel. On the next day General Grant replied: I could not of right accept your proposition
n the fact that in the month and a half preceding the capture of Hatteras they had seized as prizes eight schooners, seven barks and one brig. Schedule in Rebellion Records, IV, 588. Accordingly, in August, 1861, the Federal government fitted out at Fortress Monroe a combined army and navy expedition for an attack on the two forts at Hatteras. The land forces, Rebellion Records, IV, 580 consisting of 800 infantry and 60 artillerymen, were commanded by Gen. B. F. Butler; the naval force, comprising the war vessels Wabash, Susquehanna, Pawnee, Monticello, Cumberland, Harriet Lane and transport ships, carrying in all 143 guns, was commanded by Flag-Ogiment, Col. W. F. Martin, and some detachments of the Tenth North Carolina artillery. The whole force on the first day of the engagement amounted to 580 Rebellion Records, IV, 574. men. On the second day the Ellis Scharf's History Confederate Navy. landed some reinforcements, raising the number to 718. The post was command
nce between official and private reports comes out in the Federal accounts of this battle. General Reno and his second in command. Colonel Hawkins, made such glowing reports of what they had done that their commander, General Burnside, issued a congratulatory order to their troops. In it he felicitates them upon the indomitable courage with which they attacked a large body of the enemy's best artillery, infantry and cavalry in their own chosen position, achieving a complete victory.—Rebellion Records, IX., 307. In a private letter to the same commander, the same General Hawkins says in reference to the same affair: Doubtless the unfortunate occurrence of the 19th has been brought to your notice. No one can regret the result more than myself. First, because of the loss of life; second, the object of the expedition not being accomplished after all the obstacles in our way had been removed. It seems that both parties were badly frightened. The enemy ran like quarter-horses towa
federate regiments, and especially for those that had been over as much territory as Branch's. Even McClellan, with his fondness for big numbers on the Confederate side, admits the regiments (Confederate) will not average over 700 men. Rebellion Records, XI, I, 271. Some of the regiments that opposed Branch that day reported fewer than 600. Porter does not state his numbers. General Webb says that Porter had about 12,000 men. Peninsula Campaign. Probably, as Porter had one whole divhe very morning of the battle, May 31st, Keyes sent in to the government his certified return of men present in his corps. He reports as present, but sick, etc., 1,074, and as present for duty in those two divisions on that day, 17,132; Rebellion Records, Vol. XI, Part 3, p. 204. his two division commanders report, at 1 o'clock of the same day, and with no march and no battle intervening, that between them they had only 10,000 men. How on that peaceful May morning 7,132 men could, between
he movement of troops and wondered what it meant. In the morning, as they surveyed the bloody field of the day before, the enemy was gone. The volcano was silent. McClellan had, against the protest of some of his generals, continued his retreat to Harrison's landing. Both armies were terribly demoralized by this sanguinary conclusion to a protracted and exhausting campaign. On the day of Malvern Hill, General McClellan telegraphed to the adjutant-general, I need 50,000 men. Rebellion Records, I, XI, 3,281. Draper says: Not even in the awful night that followed this awful battle was rest allotted to the national army. In less than two hours after the roar of combat had ceased, orders were given to resume the retreat and march to Harrison's landing. At midnight the utterly exhausted soldiers were groping their staggering way along a road described as desperate, in all the confusion of a fleeing and routed army. Civil War in America, II, 414. McClellan seemed not to re
right! We have taken a battery. So have we, was the response, whereupon cheers rent the air. In addition to the 8 guns and 300 prisoners taken, 2,000 barrels of flour, 2,000 barrels of salted pork, 50,000 pounds of bacon, large supplies of ordnance, 2 trains of over 100 cars freighted with every article necessary for the outfit of a great army, large quantities of sutler's stores and other valuable supplies fell into Trimble's hands. Trimble's and Taliaferro's Official Reports, Rebellion Records, XII, 2. The next morning, the 27th, Trimble having reported the accomplishment of his mission and asked for aid in holding his captures, General Jackson sent the divisions of A. P. Hill and Taliaferro to join him at Manassas. Ewell, with Jackson's remaining division, was left at Bristoe with orders to fall back if attacked in force. As these two divisions moved up to Manassas, Branch's Carolinians had a sharp encounter with one of the Federal batteries and its supports, but soon dis
and French moved. They came, says General Longstreet, in brave style, in full appreciation of the work in hand, marched better than on drill, unfolded banners making gay their gallant step. But these were no holiday soldiers; they struck long and hard, The losses in these two divisions in their attack on the center were 2,915. and in vastly superior force. So immovably, however, did the battle-tried North Carolinians and Alabamians, aided later by R. H. Anderson's division, Rebellion Records, Vol. XIX, p. 191, et seq. die in piles on the sunken road in which they fought, that they have made it immortal as Bloody Lane. Colonel Allan says: After a most gallant resistance, Hill was driven from the Bloody Lane. Anderson was involved in the defeat, and it looked as if the enemy was about to pierce the Confederate center. The noble efforts of many brave men prevented this result. The artillery was managed and served with a skill never surpassed. Fragments of commands
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