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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 6 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), German mercenaries. (search)
y the colonists. When any brutal act of oppression or wrong was to be carried out, such as a plundering or burning expedition, the Hessians were generally employed in the service. The transaction was regarded by other nations as disgraceful to the British. The King of Great Britain shrank from the odium it inflicted, and refused to give commissions to German recruiting officers (for he knew their methods of forcing men into the service), saying, It, in plain English, amounts to making me a kidnapper, which I cannot think a very honorable occupation. All Europe cried Shame! and Frederick the Great, of Prussia, took every opportunity to express his contempt for the scandalous man-traffic of his neighbors. Without these troops, the war would have been short. A part of them, under Riedesel, went to Canada (May, 1776); the remainder, under Knyphausen and De Heister, joined the British under Howe, before New York, and had their first encounter on Long Island, Aug. 27. See Hessians.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hubbardton, battle at. (search)
Hubbardton, battle at. Generals Fraser and Riedesel, with British and German troops, began a pursuit of the Americans as soon as their flight from Ticonderoga was discovered. They overtook their rear-guard, about 1,200 strong, July 7, 1777, at Hubbardton, Vt. The main body of St. Clair's army had marched towards Castleton, leaving the rear-guard, under Col. Seth Warner, to gather up stragglers. While waiting their arrival, Warner was struck by the van of the pursuers, and a sharp engagement took place. Colonel Francis, of New Hampshire, was killed. The Americans were dispersed, and fled, excepting 200 who were made prisoners. The pursuers lost almost as many in killed and wounded, and soon gave up the chase. St. Clair, with about 200 men, made his way through the woods to Fort Edward. The Americans also lost 120 in killed and wounded. The British captured about 200 stand of arms.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Vermont, (search)
pt. 25, 1775 Convention of the New Hampshire grants at Dorset; fifty-six delegates from thirty-three towns, to form a separate State......Sept. 25, 1776 Convention at Westminster declares Vermont a separate, free, and independent jurisdiction or State, as New Connecticut, ......Jan. 17, 1777 Convention at Windsor names the State Vermont, adopts a constitution, and appoints a provisional council of safety for the State......July 2-8, 1777 British troops under Generals Fraser and Riedesel disperse the rear guard of St. Clair's army under Colonels Francis and Warner at Hubbardton......July 7, 1777 Council of Vermont appoints commissioners of sequestration to seize the property of all persons in the State who had repaired to the enemy ......July 28, 1777 Battle of Bennington; General Burgoyne sends about 1,000 German troops under Colonels Baume and Breyman to seize provisions at Bennington; they are routed by Americans under General Stark......Aug. 16, 1777 Legislatu