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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Guyot, Arnold Henry 1807-1884 (search)
that he discovered the laminated structure of ice in the glaciers. In 1839-48 he was Professor of History and Physical Geography at the academy in Neuchatel. In the latter year he came to the United States, and settled in Cambridge. In 1854 he became Professor of Physical Geography and Geology at Princeton University. He established the museum in Princeton, which has become widely known. In 1866-75 he was engaged in the preparation of a series of geographies and a series of wall-maps. For this work the Vienna Exposition of 1873 awarded him a medal. In 1873-77 he edited Johnson's New universal Cyclopaedia (with Frederick A. P. Barnard), and was the author of many articles in it on physical geography and like subjects. His publications include biographies of Carl Ritter, James H. Coffin, and Louis Agassiz; A treatise on physical geography; Creation, or the Biblical cosmogony in the light of modern Sciences; and also numerous lectures. He died in Princeton, N. J., Feb. 8, 1884.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Yankee Doodle, (search)
merica's nabob, sir, Doodle, noodle, do. Kossuth, when in the United States, said that when Hungarians heard the tune they recognized it as an old national dance of their own. Did Yankee Doodle come from Central Asia with the great migrations? A secretary of the American legation at Madrid says a Spanish professor of music told him that Yankee Doodle resembled the ancient sword-dance of St. Sebastian. Did the Moors bring it into Spain many centuries ago? A Brunswick gentleman told Dr. Ritter, Professor of Music at Vassar College, that the air is that of a nursery-song traditional in the Duchy of Brunswick. A surgeon in the British army, who was with the provincial troops under Johnson at the head of Lake George, being impressed with the uncouth appearance of the provincial soldiers, composed a song to the air, which he called Yankey, instead of Nankey, Doodle, and commended it to the motley soldiers as very elegant. They adopted it as good martial music, and it became very p