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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 73 5 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 44 4 Browse Search
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how accurately, after examining a number of the war photographs of every description, one may distinguish in From the army to the White House: Garfield in 1863—(left to right) Thomas, Wiles, Tyler, Simmons, Drillard, Ducat, Barnett, Goddard, Rosecrans, Garfield, Porter, Bond, Thompson, Sheridan. War-time portraits of six soldiers whose military records assisted them to the Presidential Chair. Brig.-Gen. Andrew Johnson President, 1865-69. General Ulysses S. Grant, President, 1869-77, C. S. A., entered as private; Lieut.-Col., 1861, Maj.-Gen., 1864. Brevet Brig.-General Thomas T. Eckert, superintendent of Military Telegraph; Asst. Sec. Of War, 1864-66. Maj.-General Grenville M. Dodge, wounded before Atlanta; succeeded Rosecrans in the Department of Missouri. —naturally emphasizes, in its personal mentions and portrayals, the men of the respective specialties. The editors, therefore, determined to devote an entire volume to the consideration of the personnel of th
all the following day, and the majority of the Confederates did not know they had been defeated there until after the war. At Sharpsburg, their victory cost the Federals not twenty, but twenty-three per cent., and the Confederates held fast to their position all the next day. At Chickamauga, their victory cost the Confederates twenty-seven per cent., and the Federals, inflicting this loss, retreated; but General Thomas, the Rock of Chickamauga, still held fast to prevent pursuit, and Rosecrans' army was ready to fight the next day. At Waterloo, the entire loss in killed and wounded, of the French, was thirty-one per cent. Officers of a western fighting regiment—the 36th Illinois: a regiment that lost 14.8% in killed alone. Officers of the 36th Illinoisof the Illinois regiments the Thirty-sixth fought in every important battle of the entire war in Western territory, and suffered in killed alone a loss of no less than 14.8 per cent., a figure exceeded among Illin
the Eleventh and Twelfth Corps to reinforce Rosecrans at Chattanooga. On November 24th, in the baa and the Carolinas. replace by Major-General W. S. Rosecrans, and the Fourteenth Corps was reorentucky, November 19, 1898. Major-General William Starke Rosecrans (U. S.M. A. 1842) was born 2. From June 26th until the end of October, Rosecrans was Pope's successor in the Army of the Missaign and afterward of a Department. William Starke Rosecrans, commander of the Army of the Ohio (C, who was succeeded, June 26th, by Major-General W. S. Rosecrans. This army consisted of five diviof the Cumberland, and was chief-of-staff to Rosecrans in October, 1863. In December, he was put i the troops of the Mountain Department under Rosecrans and Fremont, and had been led by Sigel in thed of the Fourteenth Army Corps, with Major-General Rosecrans at its head. In November, the Fourteens from April to July, 1861, and then under Rosecrans. At Cedar Mountain, Manassas, and Antietam,[2 more...]
Northwest. This was the force that opposed McClellan and Rosecrans in West Virginia, and was defeated at Rich Mountain and or, 1862, and after his retreat therefrom, was defeated by Rosecrans at Stone's River (January, 1863). He in turn defeated RosRosecrans at Chickamauga, but was driven from Chattanooga by Grant in November, 1863. Bragg was now relieved of the Army of TenAfter the battle of Chickamauga, it made a famous raid on Rosecrans' communications, October, 1863. It also operated on the Wheeler. When Bragg advanced from Chattanooga to oppose Rosecrans, the Army of Middle Tennessee became identified with a di, Van Dorn's troops joined the Army of the West to oppose Rosecrans' activities in northern Mississippi, and the combined foras driven into Arkansas at the end of November by Major-Generals Rosecrans and Pleasanton, and the Army of the Missouri agaif recruits from the independent bands in that State. But Rosecrans drove him back to Arkansas. After the war he became inte
r. 2, 1867. Morris, Wm. W., Mar. 13, 1865. Mower, J. A., Mar. 13, 1865. Newton, John, Mar. 13, 1865. Nichols, Wm. A., Mar. 13, 1865. Ord, Ed. O. C., Mar. 13, 1865. Parke, John G., Mar. 13, 1865. Pennypacker, G., Mar. 2, 1867. Pleasonton, A., Mar. 13, 1865. Pope, John, Mar. 13, 1865. Ramsey, Geo. D., Mar. 13, 1865. Rawlins, John A., April 9, 1865. Reynolds, J. J., Mar. 2, 1867. Ricketts, J. B., Mar. 13, 1865. Ripley, Jas. W., Mar. 13, 1865. Robinson, J. C., Mar. 13, 1865. Rosecrans, W. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Rousseau, L. H., Mar. 28, 1867. Rucker, D. H., Mar. 13, 1865. Russell, David A., Sept. 19, 1864. Sackett, Delos B., Mar. 13, 1865. Schofield, J. M., Mar. 13, 1865. Schriver, E., Mar. 13, 1865. Seymour, T., Mar. 13, 1865. Sherman, T. W., Mar. 13, 1865. Shiras, Alex., Mar. 13, 1865. Sickles, Daniel E., Mar. 2, 1867. Simpson, M. D. I., Mar. 13, 1865. Smith, Andrew J., Mar. 13, 1865. Smith, Chas. H., Mar. 21, 1867. Smith, John E., Mar. 2, 1867. Smith, W. F., M
e day after the battle of Bull Run (q. v.), General McClellan, then in western Virginia, was summoned to Washington and placed in charge of the shattered army there. The Departments of Washington and of Northeastern Virginia were created and placed under the command of McClellan. The Department of the Shenandoah was also created, and Gen. N. P. Banks was placed in command of it, relieving Major-General Patterson. McClellan turned over the command of the troops in western Virginia to General Rosecrans, and on July 27 he entered with zeal upon the duty of reorganizing the army in the vicinity of the national capital. He brought to the service youth, a spotless moral character, robust health, untiring industry, a good theoretical military education, the prestige of recent success, and the unlimited confidence of the loyal people. Having laid a broad moral foundation for an efficient army organization, he proceeded with skill and vigor to mould his material into perfect symmetry. So
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bragg, Braxton, -1876 (search)
he inhabitants in every direction. Bragg soon afterwards abandoned Kentucky. The armies of Rosecrans and Bragg confronted each other for several months in Tennessee after the battle of Stone River (q. v.). Rosecrans remained on the scene of the battle; Bragg was below the Duck River. Finally the Army of the Cumberland, in three divisions, commanded respectively by Generals Thomas, McCook, a Kentucky, was ordered to move through the mountains into eastern Tennessee to co-operate with Rosecrans. At that time Bragg's left wing, under General (Bishop) Polk, lay at Shelbyville, behind formls, behind which was a strongly intrenched camp at Tullahoma. Bragg had about 40,000 men, and Rosecrans 60,000. By skilful movements he manoeuvred Bragg out of his strong position. The latter was pressed back to Tullahoma. Rosecrans meanwhile had seized mountain passes on Bragg's front and seriously menaced his flank. Perceiving this, Bragg turned and lied without giving a blow, the Nationa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buell, Don Carlos, (search)
Buell, Don Carlos, Military officer; born near Marietta, O., March 23, 1818; was graduated at West Point in 1841; engaged in the war with Mexico, in which he won the brevets of captain and major, and was severely wounded; became lieutenant-colonel in the regular army, and brigadier-general of volunteers in May, 1861; major-general of volunteers in March, 1802; and, with an army, arrived on the battle-field of Shiloh (q. v.) in time to assist in the defeat of the Confederates. In command of the District of Ohio, he confronted Bragg's invasion of Kentucky and drove him out of the State. On Oct. 24 he transferred his command to General Rosecrans; was mustered out of the volunteer service May 23, 1864; and resigned his commission in the regular Army June 1, 1865, when he became president of the Green River Iron Company. in Kentucky. He died near Rockport, Ky., Nov. 19, 1898.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carnifex Ferry, battle of. (search)
General Cox out of the Kanawha Valley, while Lee should disperse the army of 10,000 men under Rosecrans at Clarksburg, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and so open a way for an invading force of Confederates into Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. Early in September Rosecrans marched southward in search of Floyd. He scaled the Gauley Mountains, and on the 10th found Floyd at Carnifex Ferry,tionals, under Col. E. B. Taylor, not far from Summersville. At the summit of Gauley Mountain Rosecrans encountered Floyd's scouts and drove them before him; and on Sept. 10, Floyd's camp having been reconnoitred by General Benham, Rosecrans fell upon him with his whole force (chiefly Ohio troops), and for three hours a desperate battle raged. It ceased only when the darkness of night came on. Rosecrans intended to renew it in the morning, and his troops lay on their arms that night. Under cover of darkness, Floyd stole away, and did not halt in his flight until he reached Big Sewell Mou
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chattanooga, abandonment of. (search)
Chattanooga, abandonment of. In 1863 the Army of the Cumberland, under Rosecrans, after crossing the Cumberland Mountains in pursuit of the Confederates under Bragg, was stretched along the Tennessee River from a point above Chattanooga 100 miles westward. Rosecrans determined to cross that stream at different points, and, closing around Chattanooga, attempts to crush or starve the Confederate army there. General Hazen was near Harrison's, above Chattanooga (Aug. 20). He had made slow maRosecrans determined to cross that stream at different points, and, closing around Chattanooga, attempts to crush or starve the Confederate army there. General Hazen was near Harrison's, above Chattanooga (Aug. 20). He had made slow marches, displaying camp-fires at different points, and causing the fifteen regiments of his command to appear like the advance of an immense army. On the morning of Aug. 21 National artillery under Wilder, planted on the mountain-side across the river, opposite Chattanooga, sent screaming shells over that town and among Bragg's troops. The latter was startled by a sense of immediate danger; and when, soon afterwards, Generals Thomas and McCook crossed the Tennessee with their corps and took
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