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of our people. If any godly men, out of religious ends, will come over to help us in the good work we are about, I think they cannot dispose of themselves nor of their estates more to God's glory, and the furtherance of their own reckoning; but they must not be of the poorer sort yet, for divers years. I am now, this 28th March, 1631, sealing my letters. Your Honor's old thankful servant, Thomas Dudley. The five undertakers were Governor Winthrop, Deputy Governor Dudley, Sir Richard Saltonstall, Isaac Johnson, Esq., and Mr. Revil. The settlement of the patent in New England meant the establishment of the government here. Hutchinson says: It is evident from the charter, that the original design of it was to constitute a corporation in England, like to that of the East India Company, with powers to settle plantations within the limits of the territory, under such forms of government and magistracy as should be fit and necessary. The decision of the Court respecting th
nt of New England, different sections of country were owned and controlled by Companies in England, yet the people here claimed and exercised a corporate power in the elections of their rulers and magistrates. This was the case with Medford. To show what form of government our ancestors in Medford recognized and supported, we subjoin the following records:-- Oct. 19, 1630: First General Court of Massachusetts Colony, and this at Boston: Present, the Governor, Deputy-Governor, Sir Richard Saltonstall, Mr. Ludlow, Capt. Endicott, Mr. Nowell, Pynchon, Bradstreet. Since their arrival here, the first form of their government was that of Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Assistants; the Patentees with their heirs, assigns, and associates, being freemen. But now, in this General Court, they agree on a second form, as follows; proposed as the best course: For the freemen to have the power of choosing Assistants, when they are to be chosen; and the Assistants, from among themselves, to c
r, and lead to make shot; also house-room provided for them, and fifteen pounds twelve shillings in money to make other provision from the time they begin to keep house. These records show how the Pilgrims managed their currency:-- Sir Richard Saltonstall is fined four bushels of malt, for his absence from court. Mr. Robert Saltonstall is fined five shillings, for presenting his petition on so small and bad a piece of paper. Chickataubott is fined a skin of a beaver, for shooting a swine of Sir Richard Saltonstall. Silver was exceedingly scarce at the time Medford was settled; hence the necessity of adopting some other standards of value. All accounts were kept in the pounds, shillings, pence, and farthings of the mother country. For more than half a century, the law of Oct. 18, 1631, was in active operation here. That law was as follows :-- It is ordered that corn shall pass for payment of all debts, at the usual rate it is sold for, except money or beaver be e
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
st vigorously, the man spitting on his hands three times. When led away, Holmes said to the magistrates, You have struck me with roses, and prayed the punishment might not be laid to their charge. Two sympathizing friends came up to the bleeding victim of bigotry and intolerance, and, shaking hands with him, said, Blessed be God. They were arrested for contempt of authority, fined 40s. each, and imprisoned. Holmes returned to Newport, and lived to old age. Not long afterwards Sir Richard Saltonstall, one of the founders of the Massachusetts colony, wrote from England to Cotton and Wilson, ministers in Boston, saying: It doth not a little grieve my spirit to hear what sad things are reported daily of your tyranny and persecution in New England, as that you fine, whip, and imprison men for their consciences. First you compel such to come into your assemblies as you know will not join you in your worship, and when they show their dislike thereof, or witness against it, then you s
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Penobscot. (search)
otia entered eastern Maine and established themselves in a fortified place on the Penobscot River. Massachusetts sent a force to dislodge the intruders. The expedition consisted of nineteen armed vessels (three of them Continental), under Captain Saltonstall, of Connecticut, and 1,500 militia, commanded by General Lovell. These were borne on the fleet of Saltonstall, and landed (July 26) near the obnoxious post, with a loss of 100 men. Finding the works too strong for his troops, Lovell sent Saltonstall, and landed (July 26) near the obnoxious post, with a loss of 100 men. Finding the works too strong for his troops, Lovell sent to General Gates, at Boston, to forward a detachment of Continentals. Hearing of this expedition, Sir George Collins, who had been made chief naval commander on the American station, sailed for the Penobscot with five heavy war-ships. The Massachusetts troops re-embarked, Aug. 13, when Sir George approached, and, in the smaller vessels, fled up the river. When they found they could not escape, they ran five frigates and ten smaller vessels ashore and blew them up. The others were captured by
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treat, Robert 1622-1710 (search)
Treat, Robert 1622-1710 Governor; born in England in 1622; came to America with Sir Richard Saltonstall, and was one of the first settlers of Wethersfield, Conn. He was chosen judge, then a magistrate (from 1661 to 1665), and major of the provincial troops in 1670. In King Philip's War he was active in the relief of menaced settlements in the Connecticut Valley, especially of Springfield and Hadley. He aided in the destruction of the Narraganset fort in December, 1676; the same year was lieutenant-governor; and was governor in 1686-1701. He died in Milford, Conn., July 12, 1710.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
sachusetts......April 8, 1630 Vessel arrives at Salem......June 12, 1630 Lady Arbella Johnson died......Aug. 30, 1630 Her husband, Isaac Johnson, died......Sept. 30, 1630 First general court met at Boston......Oct. 19, 1630 Seventeen ships, bringing about 1,500 emigrants, arrive in Massachusetts Bay and at Plymouth during the year ......1630 First church at Boston, third in order of time in the colony, gathered at Charlestown......July, 1630 Watertown settled by Sir Richard Saltonstall......1630 Roxbury settled by William Pynchon......1630 Newtown (now Cambridge) settled by Mr. Dudley, Mr. Bradstreet, and others......1630 Dorchester and Boston settled......1630 Lynn settled......1630 Famine in the Massachusetts Bay colony December, 1630, and January, 1631 A general fast appointed for Feb. 6; ship Lyon arrives, laden with provisions and bringing twenty-six passengers, among them Roger Williams......Feb. 5, 1631 Roger Williams is appointed assis
-eighth of December, we grew to this resolution, to bind all the assistants Winthrop was then Governor, and Dudley Deputy Governor; the Assistants were Sir Richard Saltonstall, John Endicott, Increase Nowell, William Pynchon, Thomas Sharp, Roger Ludlow, William Coddington, and Simon Bradstreet. (Mr. Endicott and Mr. Sharpe excep, though he immediately removed it. This is scarcely consistent with his otherwise fair fame as a gentleman of singular ingenuousness. It would seem that Sir Richard Saltonstall intended to build a house, and a lot was assigned to him for that purpose; The Proprietors' Records show that what is now called Winthrop Square was allotted to Sir Richard Saltonstall; but when it was ascertained that he would not return from England, the lot was assigned for a Market Place, by which name it was known for more than two centuries, though no market-house was ever erected there. Probably like the old Market Place in Boston, it was used for traffic, in the open ai
For their breakfast, one man,£ 0. 0. 4. For their dinner, one man0. 1. 3. For their supper, one man0. 1. 0. for the magistrates, For dinner, one man0. 2. 0. For supper, one man0. 1. 6. for the marshall and constables, one meal,0. 1. 0. And wine and beer, &c., to be included in the abovesaid sums; and if any ordinary shall exceed the abovesaid order, it shall be at their own peril. In the Proprietors' Records, 1635, it is stated that a large lot, originally designed for Richard Saltonstall, is now to be entered the Market Place. It was bounded northerly on Mount Auburn Street, easterly on Brighton Street, and southerly on Winthrop Street. This lot retained the name of Market Place more than two hundred years; but there is no evidence that any Middlesex Co. Rec. market house was ever erected thereon. The Market Place is now generally called Winthrop Square. After remaining open and common for two centuries, on petition of Levi Farwell and others, April 7, 1834,
stick aforesaid, together with the said ponds, all which we reserved from Charlestown and Cambridge, late called Newtowne, and all hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging, after the death of me the said Squa-Sachem. The original deed is preserved in the files of the Middlesex County Court, 1662, having been used as evidence in a legal controversy concerning the lands conveyed to Gibbons. Besides the Indian marks, it bears the autographs of John Winthrop, John Endicott, Richard Saltonstall, Thomas Flint, Thomas Danforth, and William Aspinwall. The inhabitants of Cambridge lived on friendly terms with the Indians; at least, no evidence appears to the contrary. They paid their allotted dues to the Squa-Sachem, and made full compensation for all losses which she sustained through their default. The Town Records show that, on the 10th of April, 1643, agreed with the Indians, by the present townsmen, to pay to Squa-Sachem 8 bushels of Indian corn, after next harvest. It i
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