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George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 14 6 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 13 1 Browse Search
James Russell Lowell, Among my books 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Henrico College. (search)
h-American colonies. In 1618 the King, at their request, permitted contributions to be made in England for building and planting a college at Henrico for the training — up of the children of the infidels, the Indians. Henrico was a settlement on the James River, below the site of Richmond, established by Gov. Sir Thomas Dale, and so named in honor of Henry, Prince of Wales. The company appropriated 10,000 acres of land at Henrico as an endowment for the proposed college or university. Edwin Sandys took special interest in the undertaking, and wealthy and influential persons in England, as well as in the colony, made generous donations for it. In 1620 George Thorpe, a member of the council for Virginia, was sent to take charge of the college land, and preparations were in progress for establishing the institution when the dreadful massacre by the Indians (1622) occurred. Mr. Thorpe and the minister at Henrico were victims, and a blight fell upon the enterprise. In 1621 Rev. Patric
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Newport news, (search)
Newport news, A strategic point on the James River, not far from Hampton Roads. It was originally a compound word, derived, it is believed, from the names of Captain Newport (who commanded the first vessel that conveyed English emigrants to Virginia) and Sir William Newce, who, at the time George Sandys was appointed treasurer of the colony, received the appointment of marshal of Virginia. Captain Smith wrote his name Nuse. Newport News is now an important railroad terminus, ship-building point, and commercial port. Population in 1890, 4,449; in 1900, 19,635.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Plymouth Company. (search)
with the idea that the people had divine rights as well as the King, and acted accordingly. Sir Ferdinando Gorges appeared before it in defence of the charter. So also was the King there to defend his prerogative if it should be assailed. Sir Edwin Sandys, the wise statesman and friend of Virginia, opposed Gorges. Sir Edward Coke, a member of Parliament and of the privy council (who had been lord chief-justice of England), also opposed the monopolists; and then began his famous contest with King James which resulted in a notable exhibition of wrath and despotism on the part of the sovereign. Sandys pleaded for freedom in fishing and in general commerce, which was then the staple source of wealth for England. America is not annexed to the realm, nor within the jurisdiction of Parliament, said George Calvert, a supporter of the monopoly. You therefore have no right to interfere. We make laws for Virginia, retorted another member; a bill passed by the Commons and the Lords, if it
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sandys, Edwin 1561-1629 (search)
Sandys, Edwin 1561-1629 Statesman, born in Worcester, England, in 1561; was a son of the Bishop of York; became a pupil of Richard Hooker at Oxford; travelled much in Europe; and, on the accession of King James, was knighted. He became an influential member of the London Company, in which he introduced reforms; and in 1619, being treasurer of the company, he was chiefly instrumental in introducing representative government in Virginia, under Yeardly. The fickle King forbade his re-election in 1620; but he had served the interest of the colony and of humanity by proposing to send young maidens to Virginia to become wives of the planters. He died in Northbourne, Kent, in 1629.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sandys, George 1577-1644 (search)
Sandys, George 1577-1644 Poet; born in Bishopthorpe, England, in 1577; brother of Edwin Sandys; educated at Oxford; appointed treasurer of Virginia; and was an earnest worker for the good of the colony, building the first water-mill there. He promoted the establishment of iron-works, and introduced ship-building. He had published a book of travels; also a translation of the first five books of Ovid's Metamorphoses, before he left England for Virginia. To these Drayton, in a rhyming let, thus alludes: And, worthy George, by industry and use, Let's see what lines Virginia will produce. Go on with Ovid, as you have begun With the first five books; let y'r numbers Run Glib as the former; so shall it live long, And do much honor to the English tongue. In Virginia he translated the other ten books, and the whole translation was published in London in folio, with full-page engravings, in 1626. Sandys wrote several other poetical works. He died in Boxley Abbey, Kent, in 1644.
James Russell Lowell, Among my books, Wordsworth. (search)
his maternal grandfather at Penrith. His first teacher appears to have been Mrs. Anne Birkett, a kind of Shenstone's Schoolmistress, who practised the memory of her pupils, teaching them chiefly by rote, and not endeavoring to cultivate their reasoning faculties, a process by which children are apt to be converted from natural logicians into impertinent sophists. Among his schoolmates here was Mary Hutchinson, who afterwards became his wife. In 1778 he was sent to a school founded by Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York, in the year 1585, at Hawkshead in Lancashire. Hawkshead is a small market-town in the vale of Esthwaite, about a third of a mile northwest of the lake. Here Wordsworth passed nine years, among a people of simple habits and scenery of a sweet and pastoral dignity. His earliest intimacies were with the mountains, lakes, and streams of his native district, and the associations with which his mind was stored during its most impressible period were noble and pure. The
uous contest on the part of rival factions for the control of the company, the influence of Sir Edwin Sandys prevailed; Argall was displaced, and the mild and popular Yeardley was now appointed captai were in some degree confounded; but the record of the proceedings justifies the opinion of Sir Edwin Sandys, that the laws were very well and judiciously formed. The enactments of these earliest Aeir plantation. No intimidations, not Chap. IV.} 1619. even threats of blood, could deter Sir Edwin Sandys, the new treasurer, from investigating and reforming the abuses by which its progress had b of prosperity induced ninety agreeable persons, young and incorrupt, to listen to the advice of Sandys, and embark for the colony, where they were assured of a welcome. They were transported at the five hundred persons found their way to Virginia, which was a refuge even for Puritans. When Sandys, after a year's service, resigned his office as treasurer, a struggle ensued on the election of
representation of the interests to be affected. While the commissioners were urging the Virginians to renounce their right to the privileges which they exercised so well, the English parliament assembled; and a gleam of hope revived in the company, as it forwarded an elaborate petition Stith, 324—328. to the grand inquest of the kingdom. It is a sure proof of the unpopularity of the corporation, that it met with no support from the commons; Chalmers, 65,66. Burk, i. 291. but Sir Edwin Sandys, more intent on the welfare of Virginia than the existence of the company, was able to secure for the colonial staple complete protection against foreign tobacco, by a petition of grace, Stith, 328, refers to the nine grievances; erroneously. See Cobbett's Parl. Hist. i. 1489—1497. The commons acted by petition. Hazard, i. 193. which was followed by a royal proclamation. Hazard, i. 193—198. Sept 29 The people of England could not have given a more earnest proof of their dispo<
the monarch; the former obtained the exclusive supply of the English market, and the latter succeeded in imposing an exorbitant duty. Stith, 168—170. Chalmers, 50, 52, 57. In the ensuing parliament, 1621. Lord Coke did not fail to remind the commons of the usurpations of authority on the part of the monarch, who had taxed the produce of the colonies without the consent of the people, and without an act of the national legislature; Debates of the Commons in 1620 and 1621, i. 169. and Sandys, and Diggs, and Farrar, the friends of Virginia, procured the substi- April 18. tution of an act for the arbitrary ordinance. Ibid. 269—271, and 296. Chalmers, 51. 70—74. In consequence of the dissensions of the times, the bill, which had passed the house, was left among the unfinished business of the session; nor was the affair adjusted, till, as we have already seen, the commons, in 1624, again expressed their regard for Virginia by a 1624. petition, to which the monarch readily atte<
was alarmed; and the leading men and several women were sent to Bride- Chap. VIII.} well for a year. In vain did the best statesmen favor moderation; the queen herself was impatient of sectarianism, as the nursery of rebellion. Once, when Edwin Sandys, then bishop of London, was named as 1574. a secret favorer of Puritanism, he resented the imputation of lenity as a false accusation and malignant calumny of some incarnate, never-sleeping devil. It is true that the learned Grindal, who, dur Virginia were well satisfied with their statement, and resolved to set forward their desire. The London company listened very willingly to their proposal, so that their agents found God going along with them; and, through the influence of Sir Edwin Sandys, a religious gentleman then living, a patent might at once have been taken, had not the envoys desired first to consult the multitude at Leyden. On the fifteenth of December, 1617, the Pilgrims transmitted their formal request, signed by
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