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e he keeps most of his cattle. On the east side is Mr. Craddock's plantation, where he has impaled a park, where he keeps his cattle, till he can store it with deer. Here, likewise, he is at charges of building ships. The last. year, one was upon the stocks of a hundred tons; that being finished, they are to build one twice her burden. Ships, without either ballast or loading, may float down this river; otherwise, the oyster-bank would hinder them which crosseth the channel. The Hon. James Savage, in his edition of Winthrop's Journal, vol. II. p. 195, has the following note concerning Medford:-- Of so flourishing a town as Medford, the settlement of which had been made as early as that of any other, except Charlestown, in the bay, it is remarkable that the early history is very meagre. From several statements of its proportion of the public charges in the colony rates, it must be concluded that it was, within the first eight years, superior in wealth at different times t
of fish according to the course of fishing voyages, and the fish itself, shall be exempt, for seven years from henceforth, from all country charges. To show how minute was the fostering care of our fathers on this point, we have the following order of June 2, 1641: It is ordered that fishermen shall have their fish for bait at the same rate that others have at the wears, and be first served. The property of Governor Cradock, invested at Medford for fishing and other purposes, was large. Mr. Savage says, He maintained a small plantation for fishing at Mistick, in the present bounds of Malden, opposite to Winthrop's farm, at Ten Hills. Complaint was made by our fishermen of a law, passed by Plymouth Colony, which laid a tax of five shillings on every share of fish caught by strangers at the Cape. From all that we can gather, we conclude that Mr. Cradock had invested as much as fifteen thousand dollars, which in various trade here must have made Medford a thriving and populous planta
ons, Medford paid its share as follows: In 1635, £ 19. 15s.; in 1636, £ 15; in 1637, £ 49. 12s.; in 1638, £ 59. 5s. 8d.; in 1639, '40, and '41, no record of tax; in 1642, £ 10; in 1643, £ 7. Winthrop tells us, that,-- Of a tax of £ 1,500, levied by the General Court in 1637, the proportion paid by Medford was £ 52. 10s.; by Boston, £ 233. 10s.; Ipswich, £ 180; Salem, £ 170. 10s.; Dorchester, £ 140; Charles-town, £ 138; Roxbury, £ 115; Watertown, £ 110; Newton, £ 106; Lynn, £ 105. Mr. Savage says of this time (1637), Property and numbers, in a very short period, appear to have been very unequally distributed between Medford and Marblehead. The diversity in the several years was owing to accidental occurrences, such as supporting the expedition against the Pequods; also for service-money, to prevent the effort in England to withdraw the charter of Massachusetts, and to liquidate charges in London. The rates and prices were distinguished as follow:-- It is ord
es m. Milicent, widow of Nathaniel Reeves, jun., and has--  42-72Nathaniel, b. July 22, 1820.  73Sylvester, b. May 30, 1823.  1Richardson, John, and Abigail, his wife, had--  1-2Joshua, b. Sept. 22, 1714.  3Abigail, b. July 23, 1716.  4Susanna, b. May 2, 1718.  5John, b. May 29, 1721.  6James, b. June 15, 1725.  7Joseph, b. Aug. 16, 1729.  8William Richardson had, by wife Rebecca,--  8-9Mary, b. Apr. 17, 1717.  (I am indebted for the following account to the kindness of Hon. James Savage.)  1Royall, William, of Casco, 1636, had been sent by the governor and company to Captain Endicott, at Salem, 1629, as a cleaver of timber. Part of the town of Salem was early called Ryall's side. He purchased of Gorges, 1643, on east side of Royall's River, in North Yarmouth, and lived near its mouth. He m. Phebe Green, step-dau. of Samuel Cole, of Boston. Children:--  1-2William, b. 1640.  3John.  4Samuel. 1-2William Royall was driven by the Indians from North Yarm
b Brooks (No. 1-3), was born March 5, 1644. Page 518.John Hall (No. 2-10) married Jemima, daughter of Captain Joseph Sill. Page 519.Percival Hall was not representative to Provincial Congress, as he died twenty-two years previously. Page 538.Mr. Savage declines the responsibility of more than the early part of the record of the Royalls. Page 538.The wife of Isaac Royall (No. 2-5) was buried from the house of Dr. Oliver, at Dorchester; which strengthens the probability of her first marriage. Page 568.I am authorized to say that John Willis was very probably the same as No. 3-11. note.--The compiler desires to offer his thanks to the following gentlemen for valuable aid in pursuing his investigations: to Dr. Booth and Dean Dudley, Esq., for the Tufts; to Rev. A. H. Quint, for the Halls; to T. B. Wyman, jun., for the Wymans, and others; and, finally, to Hon. James Savage, for very many facts and corrections throughout the whole extent of this Register. Boston, Oct. 8, 1855.
ir, Walter, 17. Raymond family, 535. Real Estate, Sales of, 44. Records, Town and Church, 28, 29. Reed, 535. Reeves family, 535. Reeves, 36, 106, 449, 560. Register of Vessels, 368, et seq. Representatives, 168. Revil, 31. Richardson, 537. Roads, 50. Rowse, 44. Royall family, 538. Royal, 4, 9, 49, 87, 170, 176, 224, 265, 355, 482, 570. Russell, 34, 36, 41, 42, 43, 44. Sagamore John, 14, 32, 72, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78. Samson. 539. Sargent, 36. Savage, 38, 570. Savel, 539. Schoolhouses, 345. Seccomb family, 539. Seccomb, 39, 49, 51, 106, 110, 332,486. Senators, 168. Settlement, First, 29, 33, 96. Sewall, 8, 207, 213, 436. Shadwell, 44. Shed, 540. Shephard, 3, 36, 42, 541. Ship-building, 357, 366. Simonds, 36. Slaves, 434. Smith, 4, 12, 36, 54, 75, 295. Societies, 476. Soldiers, 165. Sprague, 8, 32, 107. Squa Sachem, 43, 73. Stearns, 306. Stilman, 37. Storms and Freshets, 446.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Genealogies, American. (search)
Genealogies, American. In recent years, and especially since the organization of the various patriotic societies, there has been a much larger attention paid to the gathering and perfecting of family records than ever before. The chief present desire is confined in a large measure to an ambition to become allied to one or more of the patriotic orders, and this desire has become so widely spread and deep-rooted that the public libraries of the country have found it necessary to assemble county histories and genealogical works in one place for the convenience of this class of investigators. The same desire has also increased the publication of family records. The genealogical literature of the United States is now exceedingly voluminous. One of the earliest and most important publications of this character is Savage's New England genealogies.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ingersoll, Robert Green 1833- (search)
he Universalists and Unitarians have fund their best weapons, their best arguments, in the Age of reason. Slowly, but surely, the churches are adopting not only the arguments, but the opinions, of the great Reformer. Theodore Parker attacked the Old Testament and Calvinistic theology with the same weapons and with a bitterness excelled by no man who has expressed his thoughts in our language. Paine was a century in advance of his time. If he were living now his sympathy would be with Savage, Chadwick, Professor Briggs and the advanced theologians. He, too, would talk about the higher criticism and the latest definition of inspiration. These advanced thinkers substantially are repeating the Age of reason. They still wear the old uniform—clinging to the toggery of theology—but inside of their religious rags they agree with Thomas Paine. Not one argument that Paine urged against the inspiration of the Bible, against the truth of miracles, against the barbarities and infami
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Philip, King (search)
anger of the nation was thereby fiercely kindled against the English, and they could not be restrained by the cautious Philip. He sent his women and children to the Narragansets for protection, and proclaimed war. He struck the first blow at Swanzey, July 4, 1675 (N. S.), 35 miles southwest of Plymouth, when the people were just returning from public worship, on a fast-day. Many were slain or captured. The surrounding settlements were aroused. The men of Boston, horse and foot, under Major Savage, joined the Plymouth forces, and all pressed towards Mount Hope. Philip and his warriors had fled to a swamp at Pocasset (Tiverton). There he was besieged many days, but finally escaped and took refuge with the Nipmucks, an interior tribe in Massachusetts, who espoused his cause; and, with 1,500 warriors, Philip hastened towards the white settlements in the distant valley of the Connecticut. Meanwhile, the little colonial army had reached the Narraganset country and extorted a treaty
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Savage, James 1784-1873 (search)
Savage, James 1784-1873 Historian; born in Boston, Mass., July 13, 1784; graduated at Harvard College in 1803; admitted to the bar in 1807; served in the Massachusetts legislature. His publications include John Winthrop's history of New England from 1630 to 1646, with notes to illustrate the Civil and ecclesiastical concerns, the geography, settlement, and institutions of the country, and the lives and manners of the ancient planters; and Genealogical dictionary of the first settlers of New England, showing three generations of those who came before May, 1692. He died in Boston, Mass., March 8, 1873.
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