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s speech in the House of Commons the Alabama Semmes takes command the vessel and crew Banks's ex The Secretary of the Navy showed this to Commander Semmes, who said: Give me that ship; I think I cnd ready for sea, Captain Bullock summoned Captain Semmes, lately commander of the Sumter, to Liverp enrolled themselves in the usual manner. Captain Semmes had a full complement of officers, and witside was instantly returned by the enemy. Captain Semmes describes the state of the atmosphere as h drowned. When her captain came on board, Captain Semmes learned that he had been engaged with the d the vessel was released on ransom bond. Captain Semmes states that there were five hundred passent a former time. Of the ship at this date Captain Semmes wrote: The poor old Alabama was not now wted the application from the Kearsarge. Captain Semmes sent notice to Captain Winslow of the Kearat of the Alabama, one hundred forty-nine. Captain Semmes says: Still the disparity was not so great[26 more...]
nized the commerce and the navies of the world. During the first months of the war all the principal ports of the Confederacy were blockaded, and finally every inlet was either in possession of the enemy or had one or more vessels watching it. The steamers were independent of wind and weather, and could hold their positions before a port day and night. At the same time the ports of neutrals had been closed against the prizes of our cruisers by proclamations and orders in council. Says Admiral Semmes: During my whole career upon the sea, I had not so much as a single port open to me, into which I could send a prize. Our prizes had been sent into ports of Cuba and Venezuela under the hope that they might gain admittance, but they were either handed over to the enemy under some fraudulent pretext, or expelled. Thus, by the action of the different nations and by the blockade with steamers, no course was left to us but to destroy the prizes, as was done in many instances under t
d forward on the plank and old turnpike roads. The enemy was soon encountered on both roads, and heavy skirmishing with infantry and artillery ensued, our troops pressing steadily forward. A strong attack upon McLaws was repulsed with spirit by Semmes's brigade; General Wright, by direction of General Anderson, diverging to the left of the plank road, marched by way of the unfinished railroad from Fredericksburg to Gordonsville and turned the Federal right. His whole line thereupon retreated line was repulsed with great slaughter. The second then came forward, but inmediately broke under the close and deadly fire which it encountered, and the whole mass fled in confusion to the rear. They were pursued by the brigades of Wilcox and Semmes, which advanced nearly a mile, when they were halted to reform in the presence of the hostile reserve, which now appeared in large force. It being quite dark, General Wilcox deemed it imprudent to push the attack with his small numbers, and reti
Gettysburg. General Lee, in his report, noticing the large loss of men and officers, says: I can not speak of these brave men as their merits and exploits deserve. Some of them are appropriately mentioned in the accompanying reports, and the memory of all will be gratefully and affectionately cherished by the people in whose defense they fell. The loss of Major-General Pender is severely felt by the army and the country. . . . Brigadier-Generals Armistead, Barksdale, Garnet, and Semmes, died as they had lived, discharging the highest duty of patriots with devotion that never faltered, and courage that shrank from no danger. The testimony of General Meade, above mentioned, contains this statement respecting his losses: On the evening of the 2d of July, after the battle of that day had ceased, and darkness had set in, being aware of the very heavy losses of the First and Eleventh Corps on the 1st of July, and knowing how severely the Third Corps, the Fifth Corps, and
from his lines of defense men enough to enable him for a long time to defeat the enemy in these efforts, by extension to turn his right flank. After Grant's demonstration on the north side of the James by sending over Hancock's corps had been virtually abandoned by its withdrawal, Longstreet's corps, which had been sent to oppose it, remained for a long time on the north side of the James. Finally General Ewell with a few troops, the Richmond reserves, and a division of the navy under Admiral Semmes, held the river and land defenses on the east side of Richmond. General A. R. Lawton, who had become the quartermaster general of the Confederate army, ably supported by Lewis E. Harvie, president of the Richmond and Danville Railroad, increased the carrying capacity of that line so as to compensate for our loss of the use of the Weldon Railroad. At the same time General St. John, chief of the commissariat, by energetic efforts and the use of the Virginia Canal, kept up the supplies
constituting the defense of Richmond on April 2d, it remains only to account for the naval force in the James. After General Ewell had withdrawn his command, Admiral Semmes embarked the crews of his gunboats on some small steamers, set fire to his war vessels, and proceeded up the river to the landing opposite Richmond. Here he to him to execute the order sent to him by the Secretary of the Navy, You will join General Lee in the field with all your forces. Memoirs of Service Afloat, Admiral Semmes, pp. 811-815. When General Longstreet was withdrawn from the north side of the James, Colonel Shipp, commandant of the Virginia Institute, with the battalion troops and General G. W. C. Lee's division, composed mostly of artillerymen armed as infantry, and the reserves, or local troops. Cooperating with these was Admiral Semmes's naval force on the James. On the night of April 2d these forces were withdrawn, and took up their line of march to join General Lee's army on its retreat.
of martial law in western Maryland, 389. Schofield, General, 475, 488, 489, 534, 537, 540, 548, 592, 613, 618, 619, 621. Schopf, —, 16, 17, 18, 19. Scott, Colonel, 37, 95. Gen. Winfield, 15, 104, 495, 515. Sea King (ship), 221. Secession, 3. Division of Southern sentiment, 4. Sectional rivalry, 12. Acquisition of power by one section, cause of trouble, not slavery, 136-37. Seddon, J. A., 339, 345, 418, 474. Sedgwick, General, 309, 310, 435-36. Selma (gunboat), 173. Semmes, General, 301, 307, 377. Admiral Raphael, 210, 235, 550, 565. Preparation of the Sumter for action, 206-07. Description of the Alabama, 211. Captain of the Alabama, 211-16. Loss of the Alabama, 216. Semple, —, 589-90. Serrano, Marshal, 218. Seven Pines, Battle of, 101-06, 133. Seward, William H., 220-21, 227, 244, 321, 403, 404, 406, 407, 417, 521. Extracts from letter to Francis Adams concerning cotton exports, 288-89. Seymour, Governor of New York, 413, 414. Correspondence with G
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alabama, the (search)
ssible port to which she might send her prizes, nor any legal tribunal to adjudge her captures. She was commanded by Raphael Semmes, a native of Maryland, and roamed the seas, plundering and destroying vessels belonging to American citizens. Her cocountered the Kearsarge, The Alabama. Capt. John A. Winslow, off Cherbourg. France, in the summer of 1864. On June 19 Semmes went out of the harbor of Cherbourg to fight the Kearsarge. The Alabama was accompanied by a French frigate to a point b, in twenty minutes, went to the bottom of the sea. the Kearsarge rescued sixty-five of the crew; the Deerhound picked up Semmes, his officers, and a few mariners, and carried them away from the lawful custody of Winslow, to England. There Semmes wastody of Winslow, to England. There Semmes was received with great honor. the Kearsarge had three men badly wounded--one of them mortally. the Alabama had nine men killed and twenty-one wounded. See arbitration, tribunal of; joint high commission.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Confederate privateers (search)
st, closely watched, everywhere leaving a track of desolation behind her. She ran down to the coast of South America, and, alarmed at the presence of a National vessel of war, ran in among the Brazilian fleet in the harbor of Bahia. Captain Collins, of the Wachusett, ran in (Oct. 7, 1864), boarded the Florida, lashed her to his vessel, and bore her to Hampton Roads, Va., where she was sunk. The most famous of the Anglo-Confederate vessels was the Alabama, built by Laird and commanded by Raphael Semmes, who had been captain of the Sumter. Her career is elsewhere related (see Alabama). The career of the Shenandoah, another Anglo-Confederate privateer, was largely in the Indian, Southern, and Pacific oceans, plundering and destroying American vessels. On the borders of the Arctic Ocean, near Bering Strait, she attended a convention of American whaling ships (June 28, 1865) without being suspected, as she bore the United States flag. Suddenly she revealed her character, and before even
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Deerhound, (search)
Deerhound, The name of an English yacht, which, while conveying arms to the Carlists, was seized by the Spanish government vessel Buenaventura, off Biarritz, and captain and crew imprisoned, Aug. 13, 1873; and released about Sept. 18. This yacht rescued Captain Semmes and part of his crew from the Alabama after her destruction by the Kearsarge, June 19, 1864.
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