ossville road, on a crest which was occupied from left to right by Baird's division (Thomas's corps), R. W. Johnson's division (McCook's), Palmer's division (Crittenden's), and Reynolds's division (Thomas's). These four divisions became isolated during the day, and the interest of the battle centers largely in them.
They lay behind substantial breastworks of logs,
The ringing of axes in our front could be heard all night.--D. H. H.
These breastworks were described as follows by William F. G. Shanks, war correspondent of the New York Herald :
General Thomas had wisely taken the precaution to make rude works about breast-high along his whole front, using rails and logs for the purpose.
The logs and rails ran at right angles to each other, the logs keeping parallel to the proposed line of battle and lying upon the rails until the proper height was reached.
The spaces between these logs were filled with rails, which served to add to their security and strength.
The spade had