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t, in order to accompany the Meridian expedition under General Sherman. General Hurlbut testifies that he never received any th the reports from Hicks and Hawkins, I received from General Sherman, then at Nashville, this despatch: Has General Veatch head him by the rivers. Third, another despatch from General Sherman reached me as I was going out from Columbus, prohibitie of that force so near you? Answer. Not specific. General Sherman, on the twenty-third of March, telegraphed that he wasuntil certain measures could be accomplished. I think General Sherman did not purpose to withdraw a heavy force to pursue Fohis. On April thirteenth, at six P. M., I telegraphed General Sherman as follows: The surrender of Columbus was demandnd that Fort Pillow had been evacuated and reoccupied, General Sherman not being aware of it. On the fourteenth he again insts did not come to me. However, under instructions from General Sherman, I detailed officers, and collected reports and sworn
ts. U. S. Grant, Major-General. To Major-General W. T. Sherman. Sherman's forces were moved frville. On the morning of the twenty-sixth, Sherman advanced by way of Chickamauga Station, and T the same day. Howard's corps was sent by General Sherman to Red Clay to destroy the railroad betweion: Knoxville, Dec. 7, 1863. To Major-General Sherman: I desire to express to you and yourted as having gone to Mississippi. Major-General Sherman, commanding army of the Tennessee, havvalley. I was then to effect a junction with Sherman, making my advance from the left, well towarddge, and moving as nearly simultaneously with Sherman as possible. The junction once formed, and toperations from that date will be included in Sherman's report, as will also those of Brigadier-Genind Stringer's Ridge, I saw that the tents of Sherman's men were nearly all deserted, only a few inh side of Mission Ridge marked the bivouac of Sherman's men. Events of Wednesday, November twent[67 more...]
efatigable, and our position is regarded as a very strong one, and impregnable to any force likely to be in our front. Rumors of reenforcements from Grant, under Sherman, reach us to-day, and inspire us with the hope that we may not only escape the toils set for us, but be able in turn to entrap the besiegers whose impudence is suinteresting outlook. Old scout Reynolds came in this evening from Kingston, bringing confirmation of Bragg's defeat and the assurance of present aid from Grant. Sherman is said to be at Cleveland, Generals Fry and Willcox at Bean's Station, and considerable force at Wytheville — from all of which, if true, Longstreet's position w; the position of East-Tennessee is assured to the Union. The Smoky Mountains will hereafter become our military front. The advance of our reenforcements, under Sherman, arrived yesterday morning. Granger is on the way. Longstreet's hours in East-Tennessee are numbered. His chief care since that glorious Sunday before Sanders h
comparatively small scale; but victories are not always to be valued by the numbers engaged, nor the list of the slain. The importance of an achievement must be estimated by results; and, in this instance, it would be impossible to compute the magnitude of the interests at stake, and the advantages gained by the defeat of our adversary. Although it has hitherto been contraband, I deem it so no longer, to state that the divisions of Sheridan and Wood were left at or near Knoxville, when Sherman withdrew from that point, and they will probably remain there during the winter; and, of course, it is necessary that their supply-trains, left behind at the first march, should be forwarded to them. Accordingly, a few days since, the quartermasters received orders to move their vehicles to their respective commands, and, in a brief space, the trains were on the way, guarded by the cavalry brigade commanded by Colonel Long, of the Fourth Ohio. They met with no traces of the enemy for seve
orts having been received that the enemy under Johnson had weakened his force by sending reenforcements to Polk, then opposing the advance of our forces under General Sherman; also that he had sent troops to aid Longstreet, in East-Tennessee; and it being the desire of the Commanding General of the military division, effectually toat he had reliable information that Johnston had despatched Cheatham's and Cleburne's divisions to the relief of Polk, in Alabama, who was falling back before General Sherman's column. On the twenty-third, Davis's division of the Fourteenth corps, closed up on the balance of General Palmer's command at Ringgold; Brigadier-Generadivisions I had opposed to it, and the movement against Johnston being a complete success insomuch as it caused the recalling of reenforcements sent to oppose General Sherman's expedition against Meridian, I concluded to withdraw my troops to the position they had occupied previous to the reconnoissance. Baird's division was to
Doc. 63.-treatment of Southerners. General W. T. Sherman's letter. headquarters Department of the Tennessee, Vicksburgh, January 31. Major R. M. Sawyer, A. A. General, Army of the Tennessee, Huntsville: dear Sawyer: In my former letter I have answered all your questions save one, and that relates to the treatment of inhabitants, known or suspected to be hostile, or secesh. This is in truth the most difficult business of our army, as it advances and occupies the Southern country. stence in hell merely to swell their just punishment. To such as would rebel against a government so mild and just as ours was in peace, a punishment equal would not be unjust. We are progressing well in this quarter. Though I have not changed my opinion that we may soon assume the existence of our national Government, yet years will pass before ruffianism, murder, and robbery will cease to afflict this region of our country. Truly your friend, W. T. Sherman, Major-General Commanding.
Doc. 67.-expedition into Alabama. Operations of the Fifteenth army corps. Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 12, 1864. on the twenty-fifth of last month, the pontoons which had been in Mud Creek were ferried down the Tennessee, to Larkins Ferry, by the Eighth Missouri. The construction of a pontoon-bridge was at once commenced under the superintendence of Captain Jenny, Engineer of General Sherman's staff. By nine o'clock of the twenty-sixth the bridge was completed, the work having been done during the night by the pioneer corps of the First and Second divisions. General Logan had intended to take the personal command of the expedition, but on the eve of its departure was taken suddenly ill, and the command devolved upon Brigadier-General Morgan L. Smith. Twelve miles south of the Tennessee, at this point, is a ridge of mountains running nearly parallel to the river, and known as Sand Mountain. Between it and the Tennessee is a low quicksand bottom, that in rainy weather beco
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 8. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 95.-reconnoissance to Dalton, Ga. (search)
orgia, or by making an immense circuit by railroads running far to the east, could they avoid coming in contact with our vigilant and well-prepared forces. But Sherman was penetrating to the centre of the Gulf-State region. The fifteen thousand troops under Bishop Polk were confessedly unable to check his progress; if the rebel army of the Mississippi were not reenforced, and that right speedily, Sherman would unquestionably soon reach his destination, whether that were Mobile, Montgomery, Selma, or Rome. If, on the other hand, Johnston were allowed to send any considerable portion of his army to the Bishop's assistance, Sherman might be overwhelmed or Sherman might be overwhelmed or his march seriously retarded. This would interfere with the general plan for the conduct of the spring campaign, and must at all hazards be prevented. No other means of effecting this prevention offered itself, except a direct movement from Chattanooga toward Dalton, menacing the enemy at the latter place. But this movement
Doc. 96.-capture of Fort de Russy, La. on board flag-ship, Fort de Russy, March 18, 1864. To understand the importance of the great expedition up Red River, it is necessary to review the military situation in the beginning of March. Sherman had returned to Vicksburgh from his grand but disappointing raid into Mississippi, and instead of directing his forces toward Mobile, the point greatest and almost the only position of vital concern to the rebels, he detached a portion of them toh sugar and molasses, which the rebels had unsuccessfully attempted to destroy. The whole column then returned to the boats. I should not be a faithful historian if I omitted to mention that the conduct of the troops since the late raid of General Sherman, is becoming very prejudicial to our good name and to their efficiency. A spirit of destruction and wanton ferocity seems to have seized upon many of them, which is quite incredible. At Red River landing they robbed a house of several thou
ptain Kenyon and Lieutenant Perriont, both on the Colonel's staff, exposed themselves almost recklessly, and escaped without a scratch. You have got to see a street-fight to comprehend it. I can't describe it. Company A did itself credit, as it always tries to do. Orton. Ingersoll. Rebel account. Demopolis, Ala., March 11, 1864 To Adjutant-General Cooper: General Lee telegraphs that Ross and Richardson attacked Yazoo City on the fifth instant, capturing many stores and destroying much cotton about being shipped. The enemy retired to the city and held it until reinforced. They were driven out of the city, which was recaptured, while stores were being destroyed. We have quite a number of prisoners. Our loss was about fifty killed and wounded. The enemy still occupy Yazoo City and Liverpool, intrenching at the latter place. Sherman issued a general order at Canton, in which he speaks of many regiments in his army entitled to furlough. L. Polk, Lieutenant-General.
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