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lition. At the meeting of Congress in December, 1859, the Black Republicans nominated to the speakership of the House Mr. Sherman of Ohio, who had made himself especially odious to the South, by publicly recommending, in connection with sixty-eight South; and it was with reason that the entire Southern delegation gave warning that they would regard the election of Mr. Sherman, or of any man with his record, as an open declaration of war upon the institutional of the South; as much so, some of, and recommended by an array of Black Republican names, were the occasion of the most serious alarm. It is true that Mr. Sherman, the Helper book candidate for the speakership of the House, was finally withdrawn, and one of his party, not a subscrhe book, elected. But the fact remained that more than three-fourths of the entire Northern delegation had adhered to Mr. Sherman for nearly two months in a factious and fanatical spirit. Such an exhibition of obstinate rancour could not fail to p
ultimately prevail. By noon Gen. Beauregard had necessarily disposed of the last of his reserves, and shortly thereafter he determined to withdraw from the unequal conflict, securing such of the results of the victory of the day before as was then practicable. As evidence of the condition of Beauregard's army, he had not been able to bring into the action of the second day more than twenty thousand men. In the first day's battle the Confederates engaged the divisions of Gen. Prentiss, Sherman, Hurlburt, McClernand and Smith, of 9,000 men each, or at least 45,000 men. This force was reinforced during the night by the divisions of Gens. Nelson, McCook, Crittenden, and Thomas, of Buell's army, some 25,000 strong, including all arms; also Gen. L. Wallace's division of Gen. Grant's army, making at least 33,000 fresh troops, which, added to the remnant of Gen. Grant's forces, amounting to 20,000, made an aggregate force of at least 53,000 men arrayed against the Confederates on the se
rals Farragut and Porter guarded the Lower Mississippi, and bombarded Vicksburg. Commanding the Army of Tennessee, in the neighbourhood of Corinth, with his advance as far south as Holly Springs and his right at Memphis, was Gen. Grant, with Gens. Sherman, Rosecrans, and McClernand under his command. Further east was the Federal Gen. Mitchell, between Corinth and Chattanooga, opposed to a small force under Gen. Adams; whilst threatening Eastern Tennessee, was Buell's army, and occupying Cumbeggested. The forces met at Ripley, on the 28th September, according to agreement, and marched the next morning towards Pocahontas, which place was reached on the 1st October. The disposition of the enemy's forces at this time was as follows: Sherman, at Memphis, with about six thousand men; Hurlburt, afterwards Ord, at Bolivar, with about eight thousand; Grant (headquarters at Jack son), with about three thousand; Rosecrans at Corinth, with about fifteen thousand, together with the followi
d effective cavalry, were absent, annoying Grant's rear in West Tennessee, and breaking the enemy's railroad communications in Northern Kentucky. The main Federal army now in Tennessee, under command of Gen. Rosecrans, maintained itself with some difficulty at Nashville and on the line of the Cumberland. It was only a portion of the enemy's forces which threatened the Confederacy from the West; for Grant was moving from West Tennessee into Mississippi, while a strong detached force under Sherman was organizing for a separate expedition down the Mississippi River against Vicksburg. The Confederate positions were the lines of the Tallahatchie River, the approaches by rail into Mississippi and the fortifications at Vicksburg. Such was the situation in the West at the close of the year 1862, when Bragg confronted Rosecrans, and prepared for an important battle, likely to decide the fate of Tennessee. In the absence of Bragg's cavalry, Rosecrans determined to seize the opportunity
render, but escape under white flags. renewed attempts against Vicksburg. shameful failure of Sherman's expedition. third attempt upon Vicksburg made by Gen. Grant. its failure. attempt of Farra great river to the Federal fleets. The second attempt against Vicksburg was to be made by Gen. Sherman, who in the latter part of December, 1862, with four divisions under his command, accompaniedboats, commenced the descent of the Mississippi River. The expedition was a shameful failure. Sherman, having landed his forces, attempted to capture the town from the northwestern side, and duringd yet destined to win the reputation of a hero from the fickle multitude of the North. After Sherman's failure, Gen. Grant made the third attempt upon Vicksburg, endeavouring, by combined naval anhe foe, and months of costly preparation for their reduction had been spent in vain. But after Sherman's repulse from Vicksburg some compensation was sought in an easier enterprise, and McClernand,
ate of former operations against Richmond. A change of commanders, which had come to be the usual preliminary of the resumption of Federal campaigns, was not omitted. Mr. Headley, a Northern authour, in his interesting work, The campaigns of Sherman and Grant, makes the following very just commentary on the Northern mania for a change of commanders. Referring to the achievements of these two popular heroes of the war, he says: It is not to be supposed that they were the only two grea will not make a great man out of a naturally weak one; but it is equally true that without it, a man of great natural military capacity will not be equal to vast responsibilities and combinations. Our experience proved this; for both Grant and Sherman came very near sharing the fate of many that preceded them. Nothing but the President's friendship and tenacity saved the former after the battle of Pittsburgh Landing. His overthrow was determined on; while the latter was removed from the dep
isobeys the order and commits a fatal error. Sherman's incendiary record in Jackson. his use of tn Vicksburg — that of Porter's fleet; that of Sherman's army; and that of Grant, which may be desigvina; that four divisions of the enemy, under Sherman, occupied Clinton, ten miles west of Jacksond ordering him to come up, if practicable, on Sherman's rear at once, and adding: To beat such a de Johnston, he moved, not to risk an attack on Sherman, but in another direction towards Raymond, fled the way to Vicksburg. On the 15th April Gen. Sherman's corps marched into Jackson. The incendia, and a large cotton-factory were burned. As Sherman's troops marched out, a volume of smoke rose Gen. Johnston, stating that, as the attack on Sherman had failed, the only means by which a union cas invested by the enemy on the eastern side: Sherman holding the right of the lines, McPherson the the division of Gen. Blair, and a brigade of Sherman's division assaulted what was thought to be a[1 more...]
erland, and Tennessee, in which were the armies of Gens. Burnside, Thomas, and Sherman. It was the first task of Grant to relieve Thomas in Chattanooga. Reinforcesitated to assume the offensive against the strong positions in his front. Gen. Sherman had been ordered from the region of the Mississippi with four divisions; butnary Ridge. On the 25th November, the enemy prepared for the grand assault, Sherman's force having come up, and occupied the northern extremity of Missionary Ridgpon Hardee, who repulsed it with great slaughter. The attack was made here by Sherman, and his bleeding columns staggered on the hill. A second attack on the Confed in killed, wounded, and prisoners. The assault having failed, and news of Sherman's approach from Chattanooga reaching him, Longstreet had no other alternative owards Rutledge up the valley, pursued by the combined forces of Burnside and Sherman. On the 13th December, he reached Bean Station, where, being hard pressed by
Florida. its defeat and complete disaster. Sherman's expedition in the Southwest. his first expry. disastrous and disgraceful conclusion of Sherman's adventure. the Red River expedition. Gen. a decisive victory in Florida; the defeat of Sherman's expedition in the Southwest; and a triumphaervation of this State to the Confederacy. Sherman's expedition in the Southwest. Another notable event about this time was Sherman's expedition into Central Mississippi, in which, with an armen. Polk's army, and harass his retreat while Sherman rushed upon him in front; and thus by the poshe gates of this city. On the 3d February, Sherman left Vicksburg with about thirty thousand infacy. The junction of this cavalry force with Sherman at Meridian was the critical point of his plao condition to give battle, being but half of Sherman's numbers; and, therefore, evacuated Meridianase to penetrate the interiour of a country. Sherman in his first experiment of the movable column[1 more...]
tlanta, the two important movements of 1864. Sherman's demand of numbers. Gen. Joseph E. Johnstonew hope Church. battle of Kenesaw Mountain. Sherman's ghastly experiment. he resorts to maneuver wonderful success of his retreat. he holds Sherman suspended for destruction. naval fight in Mot of Grant's campaign in Virginia was that of Sherman in Georgia; the great military effort of 1864 deemed vital points of the Confederacy. Gen. Sherman demanded what Federal commanders invariablye hundred men. Three armies were united under Sherman, viz.: the army of the Cumberland, Maj.-Gen. apex of Johnston's lines. On the 27th June Sherman attempted an assault by McPherson and Thomas ts way from Memphis to protect and operate in Sherman's rear, had driven it back in utter rout and nding an equal number. This stroke uncovered Sherman's rear, and left him a hundred and thirty-fiv Atlanta more firmly than Lee held Richmond. Sherman was unable to invest the city, and to withdra[7 more...]
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