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unlawful conspiracies and combinations to destroy their property and disturb their domestic tranquillity, what was more natural than that they should declare, as they acceded to the Union of their own right and free will to secure liberty and the peaceable possession of their property, when this was denied them they had the right of secession? When the war closed we surrendered by capitulation, with arms in our hands. What were the terms of the capitulation with Grant at Appomattox and Sherman in North Carolina? They were that the Confederates should furl their flags, stack their arms, return to their homes and yield obedience to the Constitution and laws of the Union then existing; and it was stipulated on the other side, that they should have the protection of the Constitution and laws of the Union. That the Confederates kept the terms of their capitulation, no one will be heard to deny. The question soon arose as to how the seceded States were to be brought back into the
during March and the early days of April, the first great Confederate army outside of Virginia. It defended a line which was practically the north line of the State of Mississippi, extending from the Mississippi to the Tennessee rivers. The greater river was still held by the garrisons extending up to the north line of Tennessee, and the Tennessee river itself was the army's outer line of defense. The Federal army of invasion had occupied Nashville February 25th, and on March 16th General Sherman made a reconnoissance down the Tennessee as far as the batteries at Chickasaw, and landed his division at Pittsburg. He was soon joined by Hurlbut's division, and frequent skirmishes began on the roads leading toward the Memphis & Charleston railroad. By April 3d Grant had five divisions at Pittsburg Landing, about 33,000 men, and Wallace's division at Crump's Landing, about 5,000 more. At this date skirmishing became more active and constant. Grant wrote to headquarters, There wil
l down the river against Vicksburg, of which Sherman was finally given command on Grant's insistenilroad, the movement of Hovey and starting of Sherman down the Mississippi, adding that at the samethe Tallahatchie. Grant waited at Oxford for Sherman to make his way down the river, but the lattein the hour of trial. On Christmas day General Sherman had his forces, consisting of the divisioest from Vicksburg in Louisiana. On the 26th Sherman's fleet moved up the Yazoo, preceded by the gBayou. The Confederate line which confronted Sherman was about fourteen miles long, the right consu, which runs thence due north to the Yazoo. Sherman landed Steele's division beyond the bayou, an amuse themselves with fire at long range. Sherman now determined to make his attack in force at their swampy covert for Milliken's Bend. As Sherman was embarking Lee and Withers advanced and attely. This little affair was not reported by Sherman. In this successful repulse of the second [8 more...]
ary, 1863, after McClernand, the successor of Sherman, had returned from an expedition to Arkansas middle of March Admiral Porter, supported by Sherman's army corps, attempted to open up a passage e lately arrived and learn that MajorGen-eral Sherman is between us with four divisions at Clinton.an immediate attack on Jackson was ordered by Sherman from Clinton and by McPherson from Raymond. Pemberton received the order to march against Sherman at Clinton, McPherson and Sherman were attackvered soon after ordering Pemberton to attack Sherman at Clinton, that the latter intended to attacaneously by McPherson on the Raymond road and Sherman on the Clinton road, but they were both held re, after crossing the Big Black, was to send Sherman to the Yazoo, and that general had the satisfowed by an assault by the whole Federal line, Sherman against Smith, McPherson against Forney and MVicksburg in addition to the great army which Sherman took out to meet Johnston. The letter above [8 more...]
o Jackson, reaching thereon the 7th; and on the 9th Sherman, with three corps of the Federal army, appeared in the fords of Pearl river above and below the town. Sherman, instead of attacking at once, began intrenching anlled, 762 wounded, and 231 missing. According to Sherman's account he captured the heavy guns and 400 prison the troops started back to Vicksburg. On the 21st Sherman sent word to Grant that he had promised 200 barrels of Colonel Winslow, commanding an expedition which Sherman had sent out with orders that they should pay for the 11th he attacked Collierville, Tenn., which General Sherman had just entered with his staff and a battalionsed of 240 men of the Sixty-sixth Indiana, to 480. Sherman took command and refused Chalmers' demand for surreAlleghanies, was making a desperate effort to hurry Sherman to the relief of Chattanooga, besieged by Bragg, Chlmers was ordered by Johnston to harass the rear of Sherman's corps and destroy the railroad behind him. Chalme
of campaign organization under General Polk Sherman's Meridian expedition Federal defeat at Sakaperations in the eastern Mississippi valley. Sherman, he said, had gone down the Mississippi to coction of all large bodies of rebel troops. Sherman was of course ready for the work of demolitioto co-operate with Sherman. The plan was for Sherman to march from Vicksburg with 25,500 men; whil of Pontotoc and Okolona. About January 28th Sherman began a demonstration with gunboats up the Yats combined. Under cover of this diversion, Sherman's two corps of infantry rapidly crossed the Bhis affair, returned to give his attention to Sherman, who had been engaged in the labor of devastay. It can hardly be better described than in Sherman's own words: For five days 10,000 men worked locomotives and cars destroyed. On the 20th, Sherman, remembering that he had an appointment with name had become a terror, and orders came to Sherman from Grant before Petersburg that Smith must [9 more...]
der Bragg, formed a considerable part of the army which wrestled bloodily with Sherman all the way from Dalton to Atlanta in the summer of 1864. In the organizatiunder Col. W. S. Barry, also had a creditable part in this memorable defeat of Sherman. General French asserted, regarding this battle, that whatever credit is due P. Lowrey's brigade was conspicuous in the flank attack of Hardee's corps upon Sherman's army before Atlanta, July 22d. His men had not enjoyed rest or sleep for twose on their right and left had given way. Finally the flanking movement of Sherman brought Lee's corps south to Jonesboro. In the battle there on the 31st of Auting great gallantry and suffering heavy loss. In Hood's operations against Sherman's communications in north Georgia, Stewart's corps, the old army of Mississipp after losing 800 out of 2,000 men were compelled to retire by the approach of Sherman, who had signalled Corse, commanding the garrison, Hold the fort, for I am com
inth battalion, Col. William C. Richards; and General Brantly's brigade, which included with other troops the Twenty-fourth, consolidated with the Twenty-seventh, Twenty-ninth, Thirtieth and Thirty-fourth, under Col. R. W. Williamson. Swett's battery was also with this last army of the Confederacy. All these brigades fought gallantly at the battle of Bentonville, and were surrendered with Johnston's Army April 26th. A week before the surrender of Johnston he had made a convention with Sherman, and soon after the news of this had reached Gen. Richard Taylor, he met General Canby near Mobile, and was courteously entertained. A truce of two days was agreed upon and hostilities ceased. A week later came almost simultaneously notice of the repudiation of the convention and the renewal of hostilities, and General Taylor again met General Canby to arrange terms of capitulation. This last important surrender of the great war was made at Citronelle, Ala., May 4, 1865. In due time the
Colonel Charles E. Hooker, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 12.2, Mississippi (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Biographical. (search)
help the forces in that section make some sort of headway against Sherman. General Wilson was preparing his great cavalry expedition to sweut of every man to the defense of the women and children at home. Sherman set out early in 1864 to march across the State, marking his tracksing the attack with vigor when he was informed of the approach of Sherman's army. He was compelled reluctantly to retire when victory was aved in north Mississippi, and took a gallant part in the defeat of Sherman at Chickasaw Bayou by Gen. S. D. Lee, also being among the successservices. It was his fortune, in Hood's north Georgia campaign in Sherman's rear, to be engaged in the desperate fight at Allatoona, in repo Georgia, light artillery. He was stationed before Vicksburg when Sherman started out on the Meridian expedition. He resisted the advance of one corps of the enemy on February 4th, and on the 24th attacked Sherman's retreating column at Sharon, inflicting considerable loss on the