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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Fire, sword, and the halter. (search)
Fire, sword, and the halter. General J. D. Imboden. The years 1862 and 1864 were the most eventful of the war in the Shenandoah Valley. During the spring of the first, Stonewall Jackson made his famous twenty-eight days campaign, with 13,000 men, against Generals Milroy, Banks, Fremont and Shields, driving them all out of the valley, with their aggregate forces of about 64,000 men. In 1864 the Federal operations were conducted successively by Generals Sigel, Hunter and Sheridan, when that splendid valley was desolated and scourged with fire and sword. It is proposed in this paper merely to give some account of General David Hunter's performances during his brief command in June and July, 1864, of the Federal forces in the Valley, and to lay before the people of this country, and especially of the Northern States, some facts that may explain why here and there are still found traces of bitter feeling in many a household in the South, not against the government of the United Sta
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Stonewall Jackson and his men. (search)
lated by victory, nor depressed by disaster. It might be said of him, as it was of Massena: He was endowed with that extraordinary firmness and courage which seemed to increase in excess of danger. When conquered, he was as ready to fight again as if he had been conqueror. Always victorious, with one exception, General Jackson was not often called upon to illustrate this virtue. But at Strasburg, when he determined to wait for Winder, as Napoleon did for Ney in Russia, while Fremont and Shields were closing in on both flanks, and escape seemed almost impossible, his face was as pale and firm as marble, his thin lips shut, his brow thoughtful and hard; or at second Manassas, where his little corps struggled for hours and days against the army of Pope, and Longstreet did not come; when the sun seemed to stand still, and night would not fall, Jackson spoke not a word of hope nor fear. If he sought counsel of heaven, he asked none of man, and no man dared offer it. Such confidence an
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The career of General A. P. Hill. (search)
o the younger commander nor his men to rest upon these laurels. Already, while McClellan was gathering up the bruised fragments of his grand army at Berkeley, the Federal Government, not dismayed by disaster, .was organizing a new movement upon Richmond. From the Army of the Mississippi, where he had won, in easy circumstances, some incipient reputation, General John Pope was called to measure swords with Lee. The remains of the armies sent into the Valley originally under Fremont, Banks, Shields, and McDowell, were moved forward upon Culpepper Court-House with the design of seizing upon Gordonsville. This force of sixty thousand men, preceded by the boastful declarations of their leader, advanced without interruption until a point eight miles south of Culpepper was reached. There it encountered General Jackson, who had been dispatched with Ewell's and Hill's divisions, and his own under General Taliaferro, to resist this new combination; and on the 9th of August the battle of C
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Stonewall Jackson's Valley campaign. (search)
nks had his own division, under Williams, and Shields' (late Lander's troops) Division, now incorpoia, reassures the Federal administration, and Shields, with more than half of Banks' force, is detag to confer with General McDowell, found that Shields had already reached that point, and determine in pursuing the Confederates, and dispatched Shields' Division up the Luray Valley, with the sangumself did not go beyond Front Royal, but sent Shields' Division to follow Jackson. The road up th promptly burned the first two, and thus left Shields entirely unable to harass his flank or impedeis own in number, pressing on his rear, while Shields was making his toilsome way up the Page Valle Jackson, emboldened by the inactivity of Shields' advance, and the easy repulse of Fremont, cole brigade, in fact, two, sent forward by General Shields had been simply cut to pieces. Colonel C are not able to defeat the seven thousand of Shields. After a fierce struggle he suffers a sever[29 more...]
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 2: birth.-career as officer of Engineers, United States army. (search)
tering. He was wounded in the arm and about the groin; both balls are out, and he was doing well and was quite comfortable when I left; the latter wound was alone troublesome. Captain Mason, of the rifles, was badly wounded in the leg, and General Shields was wounded in the chest; I have heard contradictory reports that he was doing well and that he was dead. I hope the former. Jalapa is the most beautiful country I have seen in Mexico, and will compare with any I have seen elsewhere. I wint seven officers since about sundown to communicate instructions; they had all returned without getting through, but the gallant and indefatigable Captain Lee, of the engineers, who has been constantly with the operating forces, is just in from Shields, Smith, Cadwalader, etc.. .. . Subsequently Scott, while giving testimony before a court of inquiry, said: Captain Lee, of the engineers, came to me from Contreras with a message from Brigadier-General Smith. I think about the same time (mid
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 3: a cavalry officer of the army of the United States. (search)
us around which the volunteer force of the nation can promptly gather in the hour of danger. And that he thought it wise to maintain a military peace establishment. Mr. R. M. T. Hunter, at that time a distinguished senator in Congress from the State of Virginia, offered an amendment to the Army Appropriation Bill which had passed the House in 1854, authorizing the increase of the army by two regiments of cavalry and five hundred mounted volunteers, who were to serve for twelve months. James Shields, an Irishman by birth, who had served conspicuously in the Mexican War as a brigadier general, and who was then a senator from the State of Illinois, offered a substitute to Hunter's amendment, embodying the views of his former commander in chief, Scott. A protracted debate resulted. Sam Houston, of Texas, and Thomas H. Benton, of Missouri, led the opposition to the measure, the former saying that in the Texas Republic, before its annexation to the United States, the expenses of the In
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 7: Atlantic coast defenses.-assigned to duty in Richmond as commander in chief under the direction of the Southern President. (search)
sive spirit sought relief in motion-always motion. To such a commander the defense of the beautiful Valley of Virginia was intrusted. After his return from Romney he was at Winchester, then Woodstock, some forty miles below, then following Shields from Strasburg, and on March 23d attacked him at Kernstown and was repulsed; Banks, who was on his way from the Valley to Manassas, was ordered back to destroy this bold soldier; and Blenker, with ten thousand men on his way to Fremont, was instas in danger of capture by Jackson, and that moving a part of McDowell's troops to the Shenandoah Valley would not succeed in destroying Jackson's forces. Jackson in the mean time, having disposed of Banks, determined to prevent the union of Shields (who had arrived from McDowell's army) with Fremont, and by a series of brilliant manceuvres fought the battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic, holding one commander at arm's length while he hammered the other. By this admirable campaign, in w
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Index. (search)
s battle, 201. Seven Pines, battle of, 151. Seventh United States Infantry, 32. Sharpsburg, the battle of, 208. Shaw, Mrs., James, mentioned, 14. Sheridan, General Philip H., notice of, 327; cavalry raid, 343; sent to the Valley, 352; victory at Fisher's Hill, 353; defeats Early, 353; at Five Forks, 377; at Titusville, 383. Sherman, Senator, John, 103. Sherman, General William T., at Savannah, 368; marching North, 370; at Goldsborough, 372; advice about Lee, 374. Shields, General, James, 39, 52, 144. Shippen, Dr., William, 8. Shirley on the James, 16, 20. Shropshire Lees, 2, 3. Sibley Tent, the, 72. Sickles, General D. E., 244, 248, 273, 281. Sigel, General, 179, 190, 192, 341. Slavery abolished, 219. Slocum, General Henry W., 187, 248, 290. Smith, General Gustavus W., 138, 139, 147, 148, 181. Smith, General Purcifor F., mentioned, 41; noticed, 46, 47. Smith, General William F., 227, 266, 341, 342, 346, 347. Solferino flag, the, 327.
eople were to come swarming in by colonies, until in the end Illinois was to outstrip all the others, and herself become the Empire State of the union. Lincoln served on the Committee on Finance, and zealously labored for the success of the great measures proposed, believing they would ultimately enrich the State, and redound to the glory of all who aided in their passage. In advocating these extensive and far-reaching plans he was not alone. Stephen A. Douglas, John A. McClernand, James Shields, and others prominent in the subsequent history of the State, were equally as earnest in espousing the cause of improvement, and sharing with him the glory that attended it. Next in importance came the bill to remove the seat of government from Vandalia. Springfield, of course, wanted it. So also did Alton, Decatur, Peoria, Jacksonville, and Illiopolis. But the Long Nine, by their adroitness and influence, were too much for their contestants. They made a bold fight for Springfield, i
he seldom if ever referred to the affair with Shields. People in Illinois did gradually forget or,e the deviltry the Whigs are at. Well, but Shields is the auditor of this Loco- I mean this Demoation. An offensive article in relation to Mr. Shields appeared in the Sangamon Journal of the 2d n them until the first note was withdrawn. Mr. Shields thereupon sent a note designating me as a f arrangement. I started after this to meet Mr. Shields, and met him about twenty miles from Springously offered on the part of Mr. Lincoln to Mr. Shields, and that none was ever communicated by me ld's note:-- Tremont, September 17, 1842. Jas. Shields, Esq.:-- Your note of to-day was handed of the fight, which he refused to do until Mr. Shields' arrival in town, but agreed, verbally, thalation to the matter in controversy between Mr. Shields and Mr. Lincoln having been withdrawn by th I say the papers were withdrawn to enable Mr. Shields's friends to ask an explanation: and I appe[71 more...]
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