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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 6 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Darien ship Canal, (search)
ion effected nothing. In 1854 Lieut. Isaac Strain led an American expedition for the same purpose. They followed the route pointed out by the English engineer, and, after intense suffering, returned and reported the proposed route wholly impracticable. The success of the Suez Canal revived the project, and in 1870 two expeditions were sent out by the United States government—one under Commander T. O. Selfridge, of the United States navy, to Isthmus of Darien; and the other, under Captain Shufeldt, of the navy, to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Three routes were surveyed across the narrow part of the Isthmus of Darien by Selfridge, and he reported all three as having obstacles that made the construction of a canal impracticable. He reported a route by the Atrato and Napipi rivers as perfectly feasible. It would include 150 miles of river navigation and a canal less than 40 miles in extent. It would call for 3 miles of rock cutting 125 feet deep, and a tunnel of 5 miles, with a r
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Korea, War with (search)
United States navy, then in command of the Asiatic squadron, whose force, however, was insufficient to secure redress from the hostile Koreans. Two years previous (1864) the Koreans had become involved with a Christian nation because of their having put to death several French missionaries. The French had sent out an armed expedition, but it was poorly prepared and badly conducted, and was compelled to retire. These circumstances greatly emboldened the Koreans, so that in 1867, when Commander Shufeldt, with the United States steamer Wachusett, visited Korea to save, if any remained, the passengers or crew of the General Sherman, he was able to accomplish nothing and had to return. It was learned later that two survivors of the crew of the General Sherman were in prison in Korea, and in 1868 Commander Fabiger, in the United States steamship Shenandoah, sailed for Korea. In the course of this trip a boat from the Shenandoah was fired on by the natives. This visit was also fruitles
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Shufeldt, Robert Wilson 1822-1895 (search)
Shufeldt, Robert Wilson 1822-1895 Naval officer; born in Red Hook, N. Y., Feb. 21, 1822; entered the navy as midshipman in 1839; and became lieutenant in 1853. In the following year he resigned and took service with the merchant marine. He was in charge of a surveying party on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and at the beginning of the Civil War commanded a steamship plying between New York and Havana. Soon afterwards he was appointed United States consul-general in Havana, where he remained till 1863, when he re-entered the navy with the rank of commander. He participated in the operations in Charleston Harbor, and after the war commanded the Hartford, of the East India Squadron, and the Wachusett of the Asiatic Squadron. In 1870-71 he spent some time surveying on both the Tehuantepec and Nicaragua routes; in 1879-80 was sent on a special commercial mission to Africa and the East Indies; was arbitrator for the United States and British governments to settle the Liberian bound