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done had I been idle. In August, 1852, I joined the first class at the Academy in accordance with the order of the War Department, taking my place at the foot of the class and graduating with it the succeeding June, number thirty-four in a membership of fifty-two. At the head of this class graduated James B. McPherson, who was killed in the Atlanta campaign while commanding the Army of the Tennessee. It also contained such men as John M. Schofield, who commanded the Army of the Ohio; Joshua W. Sill, killed as a brigadier in the battle of Stone River; and many others who, in the war of the rebellion, on one side or the other, rose to prominence, General John B. Hood being the most distinguished member of the class among the Confederates. At the close of the final examination I made no formal application for assignment to any particular arm of the service, for I knew that my standing would not entitle me to one of the existing vacancies, and that I should be obliged to take a pla
apter XII Moving to Bowling Green James Card, the scout and guide General Sill Colonel Schaefer Colonel G. W. Roberts movement on Murfreesboroa openingiles. While we were in camp on Mill Creek the army was reorganized, and General Joshua W. Sill, at his own request, was assigned to my division, and took command of Cs, its three brigades of four regiments each being respectively commanded by General Sill, Colonel Frederick Schaefer and Colonel Dan McCook; but a few days later Cols brigade, from the garrison at Nashville, was substituted for McCook's. General Sill was a classmate of mine at the Military Academy, having graduated in 1853. the battle of Perryville had handled his men with the experience of a veteran. Sill's modesty and courage were exceeded only by a capacity that had already been demmost east, my left (Roberts's brigade) resting on the Wilkinson pike, the right (Sill's brigade) in the timber we had just gained, and the reserve brigade (Schaefer's
At 2 o'clock on the morning of the 31st General Sill came back to me to report that on his frontre furiously opened upon by Bush's battery from Sill's line, and by Hescock's and Houghtaling's batt When that portion of the enemy driven back by Sill recovered from its repulse it again advanced to of the enemy's initiatory attack I had sent to Sill's rear before daylight. Both Johnson's and ect me to a fire in reverse, I hastily withdrew Sill's brigade and the reserve regiments supporting ng first, then the batteries, and Roberts's and Sill's brigades following. When my division arrivedhtaling's battery in the angle. This presented Sill's and Schaefer's brigades in an almost oppositeis intrenchments in front of Stone River, while Sill's and Schaeffer's brigades, by facing nearly wen my right, came into position. Schaefer's and Sill's brigades being without a cartridge, I directee right of Palmer's division. Two regiments of Sill's brigade, however, on account of the conformat[10 more...]
in plenty, and to this point I decided to move. The place was named Camp Sill-now Fort Sill-in honor of my classmate, General Sill, killed at Stone River; and to make sure of the surrendered Indians, I required them all, Kiowas, Comanches, and Comano I cut the matter short by packing him into my ambulance and carrying him off to Camp Sill. By the time I got back to Sill, the Arapahoes were all in at the post, or near at hand. The promised surrender of the Cheyennes was still uncertain of for about thirty days; and the horses back at Arbuckle having picked up sufficiently for field service they were ordered to Sill, and this time I decided to send Custer out with his own and the Kansas regiment, with directions to insist on the immediareek, on what, I felt sure, was to be the final expedition of the campaign. I made the three hundred and sixty miles from Sill to Supply in seven days, but much to my surprise there found a despatch from General Grant directing me to repair immediat
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Iuka and Corinth. (search)
rigades, I deemed it my duty to head in person the expedition against Bridgeport, and he describes what was done. The expedition was under the command of Colonel Joshua W. Sill, a capable young officer, afterward killed at Stone's River. Mitchel represents the force of the enemy, by report, at 5000 infantry and one regiment of cs of infantry and 1800 cavalry. The enemy reports 450 raw infantry, 150 cavalry, and two old iron field-pieces drawn by hand. There was virtually no resistance. Sill had one man killed, and the enemy reports two men slightly wounded in retiring. The Confederates withdrew as the Federals advanced. The 50 men that remained a moiers for this expedition, of whom the writer was one, were selected from the three Ohio James J. Andrews. From a photograph. regiments belonging to General J. . Sill's brigade, being simply told that they were wanted for secret and very dangerous service. So far as known not a man chosen declined the perilous honor. Our unifo
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Bragg's invasion of Kentucky. (search)
orce with which Buell moved against Bardstown (exclusive of Sill's division that moved against Frankfort) at 58,000; and Braincluding Kirby Smith's, at 68,000. By this estimate, when Sill joined the main body of Buell's army after the battle of Peederal right, took the route by way of Shepherdsville. General Sill, of McCook's corps, reinforced by Dumont's independent nued toward Springfield. General Smith prepared to meet Sill and Dumont, and on October 2d Bragg ordered General Polk toom Bardstown via Bloomfield toward Frankfort, and to strike Sill's column in flank while Smith met it in front. For reasons and retired slowly.--editors. General Smith, confronted by Sill and Dumont near Frankfort, had several times on the 6th anden route for Versailles, menaced by two divisions under General Sill. Also observe the important feature that McCook was atrryville. Three hundred cavalry could have played with Generals Sill and Dumont around Frankfort, and every other soldier, e
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Morgan's cavalry during the Bragg invasion. (search)
nson having arrived, was marching to effect a junction with Bragg. We left Lexington on the 6th, and until the 10th were employed in preventing the debouchment of Sill's and Dumont's divisions (Federal) from the rough country west of Frankfort, where they were demonstrating to induce Bragg to believe that Buell's at-tack would bemen to become engaged upon afield where more than 45,000 of the enemy could have been hurled upon them. Buell's whole army (with the exception of the divisions of Sill and Dumont — together 10,000 or 12,000 strong) was concentrated at Perryville on the 8th, and but for the unaccountable circumstance that McCook had been fighting re, as he would almost surely have done, he would have been master of the situation, and nothing but disaster could have befallen the Confederates. For on the 9th Sill and Dumont were marching to rejoin the main body, and in another day Buell could have had his entire 58,000--minus the loss sustained in the battle — well in hand.
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The opposing forces at Perryville, Ky., October 8th, 1862. (search)
before the Buell Commission by Major J. M. Wright, assistant adjutant-general at Buell's headquarters. On page 660, Vol. XVI., Part I., he says: After the battle I do not think there were more than fifty thousand of the army which appeared in front of Perryville. Adding to this number the 4000 casualties sustained in the battle, would. make the entire army at and about Perryville 54,000 strong. In March, 1888, General D. C. Buell wrote to the editors: Adopting this estimate and adding Sill's Division, say 7000, which moved on the Frankfort road and did not join until after the battle (i. e., on the 11th), will make the entire army 61,000 before the battle and 57,000 after. The corps were of about equal strength. Gilbert told me recently that he estimated his corps at about 18,000 before the battle. About one-third of the whole were raw troops. Jackson's division was composed almost entirely of raw regiments.--editors. Perhaps not over one-half of these were actually engaged
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., East Tennessee and the campaign of Perryville. (search)
m moving upon my left flank and rear. With that object General Sill, commanding a division in McCook's corps, was ordered ttown on the night of the 3d, going through Springfield, and Sill, against a considerable resistance, pushed back the force i the night of the 7th. The strength of the opposition to Sill and the continued presence of Kirby Smith about Frankfort pld be developed, was therefore directed on Harrodsburg, and Sill was ordered to join him by forced marches. During the nigh McCook was therefore promptly turned upon Perryville, and Sill was ordered to follow him. Under a stubborn resistance fromly intended, and I did not hesitate to await the arrival of Sill's division before precipitating the anticipated battle. Infor a battle at or near Lawrenceburg. His cavalry attacked Sill at that point on that day, and the next day on the march, but Sill extricated himself skillfully, and continued his march, joining his corps at Perryville on the 11th. Smith now disc
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The opposing forces at Stone's River, Tenn. (search)
244; mn, 209 = 512. Artillery: 5th Ind. (3d Brigade), Capt. Peter Simonson; A, 1st Ohio (1st Brigade), Lieut. Edmund B. Belding; E, 1st Ohio (2d Brigade), Capt. Warren P. Edgarton (c). Artillery loss embraced in the brigades to which attached. Cavalry: G, H, I, and K, 3d Ind., Maj. Robert Klein. Loss: k, 4; w, 6; m, 15 = 25. Third (late Eleventh) division, Brig.-Gen. Philip H. Sheridan. Escort: L, 2d Ky. Cav., Lieut. Joseph T. Forman. First (late Thirty-seventh) Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Joshua W. Sill (k), Col. Nicholas Greusel: 36th Ill., Col. Nicholas Greusel, Maj. Silas Miller (w and c), Capt. Porter C. Olson; 88th Ill., Col. Francis T. Sherman; 21st Mich. Lieut.-Col. William B. McCreery; 24th Wis., Maj. Elisha C. Hibbard. Brigade loss: k, 104; w, 365; m, 200 = 669. Second (late Thirty-fifth ) Brigade, Col. Frederick Schaefer (k), Lieut.-Col. Bernard Laiboldt: 44th Ill., Capt. Wallace W. Barrett (w); 73d Ill., Maj. William A. Presson (w); 2d Mo. Lieut.-Col. Bernard Laiboldt,
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