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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Benjamin, Judah Philip, 1811-1884 (search)
Benjamin, Judah Philip, 1811-1884 Lawyer; was born in St. Croix, West Indies, Aug. 11, Judah Philip Henjamin. 1811; was of Jewish parentage, and in 1816 his family settled in Savannah, Ga. Judah entered Yale College, but left it, in 1827, without graduating, and became a lawyer in New Orleans. He taught school for a while, married one of his pupils, and became a leader of his profession in Louisiana. From 1853 to 1861 he was United States Senator. He was regarded for several years as leader of the Southern wing of the Democratic party; and, when the question of secession divided the people, he withdrew from the Senate, and, with his coadjutor, John Slidell, he promoted the great insurrection. He became Attorney-General of the Southern Confederacy, acting Secretary of War, and Secretary of State. After the war he went to London, where he practised his profession with success. He died in Paris, May 8, 1884.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
k and C. C. Clay, of Alabama, and David L. Yulee and Stephen R. Mallory, of Florida, finally withdrew from the United States Senate. Representatives from Alabama withdrew from Congress.— 23. Representatives from Georgia, excepting Joshua Hill, withdrew from Congress. Hill refused to go with them, but resigned.—24. The Anti-Slavery Society of Massachusetts, at its annual session, broken up by a mob.—25. Rhode Island repealed its Personal Liberty Bill by act of its legislature.—Feb. 5. John Slidell and J. P. Benjamin, of Louisiana, withdrew from the United States Senate, the representatives in the Lower House also withdrew, excepting Bouligny, under instructions from the Louisiana State Convention. Bouligny declared he would not obey the instructions of that illegal body.—11. The House of Representatives Resolved, that neither the Congress nor the people or governments of the non-slave-holding States have a constitutional right to legislate upon or interfere with slavery in any
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
friendly States bordering thereon ; also the right of egress and ingress of the mouths of the Mississippi by all friendly states and powers. A motion to submit the ordinance to the people for consideration was lost. Prompted by advice from John Slidell and Judah P. Benjamin, then sitting as members of the United States Senate, the governor of Louisiana (Moore) sent expeditions from New Orleans to seize Forts Jackson and St. Philip on the Mississippi, below the city, then in charge of Major Bh 1841 to 1846 Alexander Porter 28th 1843 to 1844 Henry Johnson 28th to 30th 1844 to 1849 Pierre Soule 29th 1847 Solomon W. Downs 30th to 32d 1847 to 1853 Pierre Soule 31st to 32d 1849 to 1853 Judah P. Benjamin 33d to 36th 1853 to 1861 John Slidell 33d to 36th1853 to 1861 36th to 40th 1861 to 1868 John S. Harris 40th 1868 William Pitt Kellogg 40th to 42d 1868 to 1872 J. Rodman West 42d to 45th 1871 to 1877 James B. Eustis 45th to 46th 1877 to 1879 William Pitt Kellogg 45th to 48th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mason, James Murray (search)
he courts of Great Britain and France respectively. These were James M. James Murray Mason. Mason, of Virginia, and John Slidell, of Louisiana, who was deeply interested in the scheme for reopening the African slave-trade. These ambassadors, eachthen took Mason by the shoulders and placed him in a boat belonging to the San Jacinto. Then the lieutenant returned to Slidell. The passengers were greatly excited. They gathered around him, some making contemptuous allusions to the lieutenant, and even crying out Shoot him! The daughter of Slidell slapped Fairfax in the face three times as she clung to the neck of her father. The marines were called, and Slidell and the two secretaries were compelled to go. The captive ambassadors were Slidell and the two secretaries were compelled to go. The captive ambassadors were conveyed to Boston and lodged in Fort Warren as prisoners of state. The British government pronounced the act of Wilkes a great outrage, though in exact accordance with their code of international law as expounded by their judges and publicists; an
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mason and Slidell affair. (search)
Mason and Slidell affair. See Trent, the; Mason, James Murray. Massachusetts, State of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Phillips, Wendell 1811-1884 (search)
the stars and stripes floating over Charleston and New Orleans, and the itinerant cabinet of Richmond packing up archives and wearing apparel to ride back to Montgomery. There is one thing and only one, which John Bull respects, and that is success. It is not for us to give counsel to the government on points of diplomatic propriety, but I suppose we may express our opinions, and my opinion is, that, if I were the President of these thirty-four States, while I was, I should want Mason and Slidell to stay with me. I say, then, first, as a matter of justice to the slave, we owe it to him; the day of his deliverance has come. The long promise of seventy years is to be fulfilled. The South draws back from the pledge. The North is bound in honor of the memory of her fathers, to demand its exact fulfilment, and in order to save this Union, which now means justice and peace, to recognize the rights of 4,000,000 of its victims. And if I dared to descend to a lower level, I should say to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Polk, James Knox 1795-1849 (search)
s force was immediately withdrawn. On Nov. 10, 1845, Mr. John Slidell, of Louisiana, was commissioned by me as envoy extraoparated from the settlement of the boundary question. Mr. Slidell arrived at Vera Cruz on Nov. 30, and was courteously recsed by its enemies, and upon Dec. 21 refused to accredit Mr. Slidell upon the most frivolous pretexts. These are so fully and ably exposed in the note of Mr. Slidell of Dec. 24 last, to the Mexican minister of foreign relations, herewith transmitteds portion of the subject. Five days after the date of Mr. Slidell's note General Herrera yielded the government to Generalto effect an amicable adjustment with Mexico, I directed Mr. Slidell to present his credentials to the government of General whom it was administered. Under these circumstances, Mr. Slidell, in obedience to my direction, addressed a note to the Mnd people of the United States denied the application of Mr. Slidell. Nothing, therefore, remained for our envoy but to dema
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Seward, William Henry 1801-1872 (search)
sagacity, the foreign affairs of the government, through all the critical period of the Civil War, and continued in President Johnson's cabinet, filling the same office, until 1869. He was a conspicuous opposer of slavery for many years, in and out of Congress. He opposed the compromise acts of 1850, the Kansas-Nebraska bill of 1854, and was one of the founders of the Republican party. The two most important subjects of his diplomacy during the Civil War were the liberation of Mason and Slidell and the French invasion of Mexico. According to a proclamation, May 2, 1865, of President Johnson, there was evidence in the bureau of military justice that there had been a conspiracy formed by Jefferson Davis, Jacob Thompson, Clement C. Clay, Beverly Tucker, George N. Saunders, William C. Cleary, and other rebels and traitors, against the government of the United States, harbored in Canada, to assassinate the President and the Secretary of State. Circumstances seemed to warrant a sus
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Slidell, John 1793- (search)
Slidell, John 1793- Diplomatist; born in New York City in 1793; graduated at Columbia College in 1810, and settled, as a lawyer, in New Orleans, where, in 1829-30, he was United States district attorney. He served in the State legislature, and from 1843 to 1845 was in Congress. In the latter year he was appointed United States minister to Mexico, and in 1853 was elected to the United States Senate, where he remained, by re-election, until February, 1861. He was a very conspicuous Confedte, where he remained, by re-election, until February, 1861. He was a very conspicuous Confederate, and withdrew from the United States Senate to engage in furthering the cause. He was sent as a commissioner of the Confederacy to France, in the fall of 1861, when he was captured by a cruiser of the John Slidell. United States under command of Capt. Charles Wilkes (q. v.). After his release from Fort Warren, he sailed for England, Jan. 1, 1862, where he resided until his death, July 29, 1871.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trent, the (search)
Trent, the On Nov. 7, 1861, James M. Mason, of Virginia, Confederate envoy to Great Britain, and John Slidell, of Louisiana, accredited to France, embarked at Havana in the British mail steamer Trent for England. The United States steamship San Jacinto, Captain Wilkes, was watching for the Trent in the Bahama channel, 240 mian Jacinto met the Trent on the forenoon of Nov. 8, signalled her to stop in vain, and then fired a shot across her bow. Her captain unwillingly allowed Mason and Slidell, with their secretaries, to be taken aboard the San Jacinto. Captain Wilkes reached Boston on Nov. 19, and the two ministers were confined in Fort Warren. This sizure was recognized, while the satisfaction of the United States government was expressed in the fact that a principle for which it had long contended was thus accepted by the British government. Mason and Slidell were at once released, and sailed for England Jan. 1, 1862. See Mason, James Murray; Slidell, John; Wilkes, Charles.
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