est of California had been achieved.
Fremont and a party of explorers, sixty in number, joined by American settlers in the vicinity of San Francisco, had captured a Mexican force at Sonoma pass, June 15, 1846, with the garrison, nine cannon, and 250 muskets.
He then defeated another force at Sonoma, and drove the Mexican authorities out of that region of country.
On July 5 the Americans in California declared themselves independent, and put Fremont at the head of affairs.
On the 7th Commodore Sloat, with a squadron, bombarded and captured Monterey, on the coast; on the 9th Commodore Montgomery took possession of San Francisco. Commodore Stockton and Colonel Fremont took possession of Los Angeles on Aug. 17, and there they were joined by Kearny, who had sent the main body of his troops back to Santa Fe. Fremont went to Monterey, and there assumed the office of governor, and proclaimed, Feb. 8, 1847, the annexation of California to the United States.
Meanwhile, Colonel Doniphan,
tle of Palo Alto......May 8, 1846
Battle of Resaca de la Palma......May 9, 1846
President Polk, by special message to Congress, announces that war exists by the act of Mexico......May 11, 1846
Congress authorizes the President to raise 50,000 men and $10,000,000 for the war......May 13, 1846
Treaty with Great Britain signed, establishing the boundaries west of the Rocky Mountains on the 49th parallel of N. lat., and thus settling the Oregon difficulty ......June 15, 1846
Com. John D. Sloat, of the Pacific Squadron, occupies Monterey, Cal., and proclaims the country annexed to the United States......July 6, 1846
Congress recedes to Virginia the southern part of the District of Columbia......July 9, 1846
Tariff of 1842 repealed, and a revenue tariff passed (in the Senate by the casting vote of Vice-President George M. Dallas)......approved July 30, 1846
Warehouse system established by Congress......Aug. 6, 1846
Independent treasury system re-enacted......Aug. 6
emont, in Oregon, receives orders to watch the Mexican and British relations in California, May 9, 1846.
Returning to California, he finds General De Castro prepared to resist American invasion.
American settlers begin the socalled bear-flag revolt by occupying Sonoma, with a flag bearing a star and bear and the words, California republic ......June 14, 1846
Fremont assumes command of insurgents at Sonoma......July 5, 1846
Stars and stripes raised at Monterey, July 7, by order of John D. Sloat, commanding United States Pacific Squadron; at Sonoma they replace the bear flag, July 9, and over Sutter's Fort......July 11, 1846
Fremont embarks in the schooner Cyane, commodore Dupont, and occupies San Diego......July 29, 1846
Two hundred Mormon emigrants, recruited in the United States, arrive at San Francisco in the ship Brooklyn, under Elder Brannan......July 31, 1846
Americans, under Com. Robert F. Stockton and Colonel Fremont, capture Los Angeles......Aug. 13, 1846