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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 29 7 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for George Somers or search for George Somers in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colonial settlements. (search)
ment of the colonies, he seems not to have abated any of the pretensions set up by his predecessors. The colonial assemblies had hastened to enact in behalf of the people the Bill of Rights of the Convention Parliament. To these William gave frequent and decided negatives. The provincial acts for establishing the writ of Habeas corpus were also vetoed by the King. He also continued the order of James II. prohibiting printing in the colonies. Even men of liberal tendencies, like Locke, Somers, and Chief-Justice Holt, conceded prerogatives to the King in the colonies which they denied him at home. The most renowned jurists of the kingdom had not yet comprehended the true nature of the connective principle between the parent country and her colonies. As early as 1696 a pamphlet appeared in England recommending Parliament to tax the English-American colonies. Two pamphlets appeared in reply, denying the right of Parliament to tax the colonies, because they had no representative
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Decatur, Stephen, 1779- (search)
, which he laid alongside of a large Tripolitan war-ship, which he captured after a brief struggle. Immediately boarding another vessel, Decatur had a desperate personal struggle with the commander. The fight was brief but deadly. Decatur slew his antagonist, and the vessel was captured. The Americans withdrew, but four days later renewed the conflict, which was indecisive, but on Aug. 24 and 28, and Sept. 3, Preble repeated the attack, and on the night of Sept. 4 the Intrepid, under Captain Somers as a fire-ship, was lost in the attack, with all on board. In command of the frigate United States, Decatur captured the frigate Macedonian, Oct. 25, 1812, for which Congress gave him a gold medal. the Macedonian was a new ship, rated at thirty-six, but carrying forty-nine guns. She was badly cut in the fight, and Decatur thought best to order his prize to Newport, while he returned in the United States to New London. Both vessels sailed into New York harbor on New Year's Day, 18
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Democracy in New Netherland. (search)
d, four were Dutch and four English. Of the nineteen delegates, ten were of Dutch and nine were of English nativity. This was the first really representative assembly in the great State of New York chosen by the people. The names of the delegates were as follows: From New Amsterdam, Van Hattem, Kregier, and Van de Grist; from Breucklen (Brooklyn), Lubbertsen, Van der Beeck, and Beeckman; from Flushing, Hicks and Flake; from Newtown, Coe and Hazard; from Heemstede (Hempstead), Washburn and Somers; from Amersfoort (Flatlands), Wolfertsen, Strycker, and Swartwout; from Midwont (Flatbush), Elbertsen and Spicer; and from Gravesend, Baxter and Hubbard. Baxter was at that time the English secretary of the colony, and he led the English delegates. The object of this convention was to form and adopt a remonstrance against the tyrannous rule of the governor. It was drawn by Baxter, signed by all the delegates present, and sent to the governor, with a demand that he should give a categoric
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 (search)
The Puritans of 1640 and the Whigs of 1688 rebelled against arbitrary power in order to establish constitutional liberty. If they had risen against Charles and James because those monarchs favored equal rights, and in order themselves for the first time in the history of the world to establish an oligarchy founded on the cornerstone of slavery, they would truly have furnished a precedent for the rebels of the South, but their cause would not have been sustained by the eloquence of Pym or of Somers, nor sealed with the blood of Hampden or Russell. I call the war which the Confederates are waging against the Union a rebellion, because it is one, and in grave matters it is best to call things by their right names. I speak of it as a crime, because the Constitution of the United States so regards it, and puts rebellion on a par with invasion. The constitution and law, not only of England, but of every civilized country, regards them in the same light; or, rather, they consider the re
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Intrepid, the (search)
egular pieces of iron were deposited. Combustibles were placed in other parts of the vessel. On the night of Sept. 3, 1804, the Intrepid Intrepid memento at Washington was towed into the harbor by two boats, the whole under the command of Captain Somers, attended by Lieutenant Wadsworth, of the Constitution, and Mr. Israel, an ardent young man who got on board the Intrepid by stealth. These, with a few men to work the torpedo-vessel, and the crews of the boats, constituted the company engae intrepid men who went into the harbor awaited their return. They never came back. What was the cause of the premature explosion and men will never be known. The belief was that the ketch was captured by the Tripolitans on the watch, and that Somers, preferring death to miserable captivity, had himself applied a lighted match to the powder. A fine monument of white marble, erected to the memory of the slain men and the events—first placed at the navy-yard at Washington, D. C.—now stands at
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), London Company, the (search)
t, prebendary of Westminster, incited several gentlemen, some of them personal friends of Raleigh, to petition King James I. to grant them a patent for planting colonies in North America. Raleigh's grant was made void by his attainder. There was not an Englishman to be found in America then, and there was only one permanent settlement north of Mexico, that of St. Augustine. The petition was received by the King, and on April 10, 1606, James issued letters-patent to Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hakluyt, Edward Maria Wingfield, and others, granting to them a territory extending from lat. 34° to 45° N., together with all the islands in the ocean within 100 miles of the coast. The object of the patent was to make habitations and plantations, and to form colonies by sending English people into that portion of America commonly called Virginia, with the hope of Christianizing and civilizing the pagans there. The territory was divided into two districts, called, respectiv
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Navy of the United States (search)
3 Rowan (No. 8)182Torpedo-boatS.3,200T. S.d3 Dahlgren (No. 9)146Torpedo-boatS.4,200T. S.d2 T. A. M. Craven (No 10)146Torpedo-boatS.4,200T. S.d2 Farragut (No. 11)273Torpedo-boatS.5,600T. S.d2 Davis (No. 12)132Torpedo-boatS.1,750T. S.d3 Fox (No. 13)132Torpedo-boatS.1,750T. S.d3 Morris (No. 14)105Torpedo-boatS.1,750T. S.d3 Talbot (No. 15)46 1/2Torpedo-boatS.850T. S.d2 Gwin (No. 16)46Torpedo-boatS.850S.d2 Mackenzie (No. 17)65Torpedo-boatS.850S.d2 McKee (No. 18)65Torpedo-boatS.850S.d2 Somers (No. 22)145Torpedo-boatS.1,900S.d2 Manly (No. 23)b30Torpedo-boatS.b250S.d1 Stiletto (No. 53)31Torpedo-boatW.359S.d2 Holland (No. 54)73Submarine torpedo-boatS.150S.d1 a, Secondary battery Accomac187TugI.250S.a2 Active286TugS.600S.a5 Alice356TugW.250S.a2 Apache650TugW.550S.a3 Chickasaw100TugI.....S.a1 Choctaw350TugI.188S.a3 Fortune450TugI.340S... Hercules198TugI.....S.a3 Iroquois702TugS.1,000S.a3 Iwana192TugS.300S... Leyden450TugI.340S... Massasoit202
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sea adventurer, the (search)
Sea adventurer, the Under the new charter of the London Company given in 1609, Sir Thomas Gates, lieutenant-governor of Virginia, Sir George Somers, admiral, and Captain Newport, vice-admiral, sailed in the Sea Adventurer with eight other vessels, bearing about 500 emigrants to Virginia. The fleet was dispersed in a storm, and the Sea Adventurer was wrecked on one of the Bermuda islands— the still vexed Bermoothes of Shakespeare. William Strachey was with them, who wrote a vivid account of the wreck. Such was the tumult of the elements, wrote Strachey, that the sea swelled above the clouds, and gave battle unto heaven. It could not be said to rain: the waters like whole rivers did flood in the air. For three days and four nights they were beaten by this storm, while the ship was leaking fearfully. the Sea Adventurer outlived the storm; when it ceased she lay fixed between two rocks on the Bermuda shore. It is believed that Strachey's account of this storm and shipwreck ins
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Secession in New England. (search)
Secession in New England. In 1747 the towns of Suffield, Somers, Enfield, and Woodstock, originally settled under Massachusetts grants, and assigned to that province in 1713, finding taxation there enhanced by its military operations, applied for annexation to Connecticut. They seemed to be clearly within the Connecticut charter. They asked permission of Massachusetts to withdraw. The request was refused. They then withdrew without the consent of Massachusetts, were annexed to Connecticut, and still remain part of that State. Massachusetts threatened an appeal to the King and council, but fearing she might, as in her controversy with New Hampshire, not only lose these towns, but other territory, nothing further was done. See Quincy, Josiah.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Somers Isles, (search)
Somers Isles, A name given to the Bermudas, in compliment to Sir George Somers, one of the commissioners for Virginia, who was wrecked there in 1609. These islands received their present name in honor of Juan Bermudez, a Spaniard, who was wrecked upon one of them in 1522. In 1614 the islands were settled under a charter given by King James and called Somers Isles. In 1640 a regular government was established there. Sir George Somers was sent there in 1610 by Lord Delaware for provisions; but, by tempests, the ship was driven northward and finally returned to Virginia. Thence he sailed again, and, after boisterous weather and great fatigue, reached rmuda caused a large marble slab to be laid over the portion of his remains buried there, upon which was cut an epitaph, written by the governor himself, beginning: In the year 1611 Sir George Somers went to heaven; and concluding: At last, his soul and body having to part, He here bequeathed his entrails and his heart.
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