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hat he could not get accustomed to the irregularities of the mustangs, as he called the volunteers; many were the culinary grievances of which he relieved his rotund breast to me; and numerous were the early bits of news he confidentially dropped into my ear, before they were known elsewhere. The evening of the 18th of July-hot, sultry and threatening rain-had been more quiet than usual. Not a rumor had been set afloat; and the monotony was only broken by a group of officers about the Spotswood discussing Bethel, Rich Mountain and the chances of the next fight. One of them, with three stars on his collar, had just declared his conviction: It's only a feint, major! McDowell is too old a soldier to risk a fight on the Potomac line-too far from his base, sir! He'll amuse Beauregard and Johnston while they sweep down on Magruder. I want my orders for Yorktown. Mark my words! What is it, adjutant? The colonel talked on as he opened and read a paper the lieutenant handed h
Bliss Perry, The American spirit in lierature: a chronicle of great interpreters, Chapter 3: the third and fourth generation (search)
ng of it in 1724, considers North Carolina the refuge of runaways, and South Carolina the delight of buccaneers and pirates, but Virginia the happy retreat of true Britons and true Churchmen. Unluckily these Virginians, well nourished by the plenty of the country, have contemptible notions of England! We shall hear from them again. In the meantime the witty William Byrd of Westover describes for us his amusing survey of the Dismal Swamp, and his excursions into North Carolina and to Governor Spotswood's iron mines, where he reads aloud to the Widow Fleming, on a rainy autumn day, three acts of the Beggars' opera, just over from London. So runs the world away, south of the Potomac. Thackeray paints it once for all, no doubt, in the opening chapters of The Virginians. To discover any ambitious literary effort in this period, we must turn northward again. In the middle colonies, and especially in Philadelphia, which had now outgrown Boston in population, there was a quickened in
ts of her people to govern themselves; and even in submitting to the Cromwellian parliament in 1652, she secured a continuance of her representative law-making privileges. Proud of her loyalty in the restoration of 1660, she hesitated not to rebel, in 1676, against the usurping authority of the royal parliament, and against that of the royal governor who failed to obey her orders and protect the colony against Indian outrages, and endeavored to rule without consent of the people. Her Governor Spotswood, who came in 1710, was by far the most prominent figure of his time in the American colonies. In 1714 he established the first blast-furnace for the manufacture of iron, on the bank of the Rappahannock, within the afterward famous battlefield of Chancellorsville. He was the first, in 1716, to lead an expedition across the Blue ridge into the famous Shenandoah valley, and in 1730 became the deputy postmaster-general of all the colonies. When the French and Indian war of 1750 began
and soon concluded, from the bustle in the Federal camps, that an early movement was in contemplation. It was also evident to him that this movement would be to his right, toward the old fields of unsuccessful Federal venture. Looking eastward, Mine run and Chancellorsville were in sight. Beyond, in mental vision, he could see Salem church and the twice-attacked and twice-defended Fredericksburg. He doubtless asked himself just where—in that historic region where his famous ancestor, Spotswood, had built the first blastfur-nace for making iron, in America—the impending conflict would begin, immediate preparations for which he took in hand on returning to his camp. Lee was accompanied to his point of observation by Longstreet, just returned from his Tennessee campaign; Field, commanding Hood's old division, and Kershaw, that of McLaws; Ewell, and his division commanders, Early, Edward Johnson and Rodes; A. P. Hill, with his division commanders, R. H. Anderson, Heth and Wilcox.
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 11. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Unveiling of Valentine's Recumbent figure of Lee at Lexington, Va., June 28th, 1883. (search)
glorious deeds of arms, the twin names of Washington and Lee. Liberty Hall Academy. It was nearly a century after the settlement at Jamestown, that Governor Spotswood of Virginia, at the head of a troop of horse, first explored the hitherto unknown land beyond the mountains, and upon his return from the expedition, the Goion had pictured the transmontane country as a barren and gloomy waste, infested with serpents and wild beasts and brutal savages. But erewhile the reports of Spotswood and his men went far and wide, and the Star of Empire beamed over the Alleghanies. And along, in 1730 and 1740, we find the spray of the incoming tide breaking d to retreat. He blistered the land which he should have loved and honored, and a broad, black path marked his trail. From the summit of those mountains, where Spotswood first spied the Valley, could be counted at one time the flames ascending from 118 burning houses. The Virginia Military Institute was burned and the very statu
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 19. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.18 (search)
avels of Rev. Andrew Burnaby, Virginia Historical Register, Volume III, page 87. and it is believed they were continued until the period of the Revolution. Governor Spotswood, in 1711, desiring to increase the facilities for the education of the Indians, recommended to the Assembly an annual appropriation for the purpose. Spote on letters from England was resisted on the ground that Parliament could not levy a tax here without the consent of the General Assembly, which body wrote Governor Spotswood, to the Lords of Trade, rendered the imposition inoperative by declaring the postmaster in no ways lyable by the Act of Parliament, and by laying a penalty inters, coach and chair-makers, saddlers, makers of mattresses of curled English hair, and weavers of damasks, gauzes, figured cottons, and counterpanes. Governor Spotswood notes as early as 1718 an amateur dramatic performance on the occasion of the celebration of the anniversary of the birthday of George I on May 1st, and the
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 21. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The muster roll [from the Staunton, Va., Vindicator, March 3, 1893.] (search)
Delaware, 1865. Gladwell, P. F., killed at Port Republic, 1862. Hanger, D. C., living at Spotswood. Harlow, Samuel, living in Missouri. Harlow, Nicholas, living at Rockbridge Baths. Hu 1863. Kerr, R. O., May 23, living at Flatonia, Texas. Wiseman, W. F., May 25, living at Spotswood. Beard, James E., August 3, Middlebrook. Bartley, V. C., August 3, living at Greenville.rge, March 18, 1862, died prisoner at Fort Delaware. Lotts, John, March 18, 1862, living at Spotswood. Zimmerman, D. B., March 18, 1862, died since the war. Beard, James T., March 21, 1862, t, Ezra T., March 21, 1862, living at Middlebrook. Cale, William, March 21, 1862, living at Spotswood. Fulton, William H., March 21, 1862, living at Moffett's Creek. Furr, James H., March 21 October 18, 1864, living at Moffett's Creek. McCormick, N. D., October 18, 1864, living at Spotswood. Ramsey, James, October 18, 1864, killed at Petersburg, April 2, 1865. Shultz, Henry, Oc
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 21. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.13 (search)
h out and feel her neck and ears, but could not see them. My speed was necessarily slackened, not only because a horse cannot climb a mountain like a goat, but safety required some caution. At times I heard the water rush under us and across the road and tumble in torrents so far down below that I knew we were traveling along perilous edges. The ascent seemed very steep and very long. At last we reached the summit of Swift Run Gap. It was from this summit and through this gap that Governor Spotswood and his Knights of the Golden Horseshoe, in 1716, obtained the white man's first view of the Valley of the Shenandoah. From the same point of view I did not partake of their enchantment. But just here I met a knight of a less romantic order. He was a belated, drowsy, bedraggled courier, plodding his way from Ewell to Jackson. From him I extracted some useful information as to my route, and in return gave him a pull at my flask. It was vile stuff, but as he seemed to like it I ga
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 21. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Index. (search)
even Days Battles, 125. Seven Pines, Battle of the, 123. Sharpsburg, Battle of, 129, 138 Shenandoah, The Confederate warship, exploits of, 165. Sherman, Gen. W. T., 354. Shiloh, Battle of, 215, 325. Slaughter, Gen. James E., 226. Slocomb, The Lady, 221. Smiley, Sergeant T. M., 57. Smith, Gen E. Kirby, 226. Soldiers, Federal and Confederate, motives of, 21 Songs of the South, 212. 267. South, The honor of, untarnished, 198. South Mountain, Battle of, 128. Spotswood's Trans-montane Expedition, 208. Spotsylvania C. H., Battle of, 244, 368, 375. Star, Richmond, Va., cited, 104, 346, 368. Steadman, Battle of Fort, 69. Stevenson, Major J. M., 267. Stiles, D. D., Rev. Joseph C., 26. Stiles, Major, Robert, 15. Stoneman, Gen., George, 344. Stonewall Brigade, When named, 35; muster-roll of Co D, 5th Va. Infantry, with service and casualties, 50. Strategic Points, 376. Strawberry Plains, The bridge at, 295. Stringfellow, Rev. M. S.,
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 24. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.8 (search)
ced himself to me, and insisted most kindly on taking me to his house, where he entertained me most handsomely and hospitably. Next morning I went to Richmond on the cars. I immediately proceeded to the Navy Department and reported myself to the Secretary, and at once received my commission as captain in the Confederate States navy. After getting my position and commission, I went into the Bureau of Details, where I met many of my old friends, who had also resigned—Barron, Maury, Lewis, Spotswood, and many others. In conversation in that office I suggested my plan of seizing the Saint Nicholas, and carrying out the scheme that had suggested itself to me at Colonel S——'s. I was told that the Secretary (Mr. Mallory) would not agree to the plan, but that the Governor (Letcher) would. I then remarked that I would obtain Mr. Mallory's permission to apply to the Governor. I walked into Mr. Mallory's room and asked his permission. He granted it, and I at once went straight to the Gove<
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