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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Allatoona pass, (search)
ployed against New Hope Church, in the vicinity of which there were many severe encounters, while Schofield was directed to turn and strike Johnston's right. On May 28 the Confederates struck McPherson a severe blow at Dallas: but the assailants were repulsed with heavy loss. At the same time. Howard, nearer the centre, was repulsed. Sherman, by skilful movements, compelled Johnston to evacuate his strong position at Allatoona Pass (June 1, 1864). The National cavalry, under Garrard and Stoneman, were pushed on to occupy it, and there Sherman, planting a garrison, made a secondary base of supplies for his army. Johnston made a stand at the Kenesaw Mountains, near Marietta; but Sherman, who had been reinforced by two divisions under Gen. Frank P. Blair (June 8), very soon caused him to abandon that position, cross the Chattahoochee River, and finally to rest at Atlanta. After the evacuation of Atlanta (Sept. 2, 1864), Sherman and Hood reorganized their armies in preparation for
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Atlanta, (search)
heavy. That of the Nationals was 3,722, of whom about 1,000 were prisoners. Generals Thomas and Schofield having well closed up, Hood was firmly held behind his inner line of intrenchments. Sherman concluded to make a flank movement, and sent Stoneman with about 5,000 cavalry, and McCook with another mounted force, including Rousseau's cavalry, to destroy the railways in Hood's rear. McCook performed his part well, but Stoneman, departing from Sherman's instructions, did not accomplish much.Stoneman, departing from Sherman's instructions, did not accomplish much. Simultaneously with these raids, Slocum began (July 27) a flanking movement from Atlanta. Hood had penetrated Sherman's design, knew of changes in his army, and acted promptly. Under cover of an artillery fire, he moved out with the larger part of his army (July 28), with the expectation of finding Howard's forces in confusion. He was mistaken, and disastrous consequences followed. He threw heavy masses of his troops upon Logan's corps on Howard's right, and was met by a fire that made fea
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bailey, Guildfor Dudley, 1834- (search)
Oswego, N. Y., where, in 1858, he married a daughter of Col. G. W. Patten, U. S. A. He was afterwards stationed at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., and when the Civil War began he was acting adjutant of the post at Fort Brown, Texas, whose commander, Captain Stoneman, refused to surrender to the Confederates of Texas in obedience to the orders of General Twiggs. Captain Stoneman chartered a steamboat, and, after securing the most valuable public property there, evacuated the fort and sailed for New York,Captain Stoneman chartered a steamboat, and, after securing the most valuable public property there, evacuated the fort and sailed for New York, where he arrived March 15, 1861. Soon afterwards Lieutenant Bailey was sent with reinforcements for Fort Pickens. His mission was successful. Sickness finally compelled him to return to New York to recruit his strength. Soon afterwards he was requested by Governor Morgan to organize a State regiment of light artillery, of which he was made colonel. With these troops, which he had well disciplined at Elmira, he went to Washington, and in the spring of 1862 he joined the Army of the Potomac
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), California (search)
chard B. Mason1847 to 1849 Gen. Persifer F. Smith1849 Bennett Riley1849 State governors. Name.Term. Peter H. Burnett1849 to 1851 John McDougall1851 to 1852 John Bigler1852 to 1856 J. Neely Johnson1856 to 1858 John B. Weller1858 to 1860 Milton S. Latham1860 John G. Downey1860 to 1862 Leland Stanford1862 to 1863 Frederick F. Low1863 to 1867 Henry H. Haight1867 to 1871 Newton Booth1871 to 1875 Romnaldo Pacheco1875 William Irwin1875 to 1880 George C. Perkins1880 to 1883 George Stoneman1883 to 1887 Washington Bartlett1887 Robert W. Waterman1887 to 1891 Henry H. Markhan1891 to 1895 J. H. Budd1895 to 1899 Henry T. Gage1899 to 1903 United States Senators. Name.No. of CongressTerm. John C. Fremont31st1849 to 1851 William M. Gwin31st to 36th1849 to 1861 John B. Weller32d to 34th1851 to 1857 David C. Broderick35th to 36th1857 to 1859 Henry P. Hann36th1859 Milton S. Latham36th to 37th1860 to 1863 James A. McDougall37th to 39th1861 to 1867 John Conners38th to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chancellorsville, battle of (search)
Chancellorsville, battle of Early in April, 1863, Hooker, in command of the Army of the Potomac, became impatient, and resolved to put it in motion towards Richmond, notwithstanding his ranks were not full. Cavalry under Stoneman were sent to destroy railways in Lee's rear, but were foiled by the water in the streams. After a pause, Hooker determined to attempt to turn Lee's flank, and, for that purpose, sent 10,000 mounted men to raid in his rear. Then he moved 36,000 of the troops of his right wing across the Rappahannock, with orders to halt and intrench at Chancellorsville, between the Confederate army near Fredericksburg and Richmond. This movement was so masked by a demonstration on Lee's front by Hooker's left wing, under General Sedgwick, that the right was well advanced before Lee was aware of his peril. These troops reached Chancellorsville, in a region known as The wilderness, on the evening of April 30, 1863, when Hooker expected to see Lee, conscious of danger,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fredericksburg, battle at. (search)
cksburg. storm of shells and canister-shot, at near range, fell upon him. He pressed on, and three of the assailing batteries were withdrawn. Jackson's advance line, under A. P. Hill, was driven back, and 200 men made prisoners, with several battleflags as trophies. Meade still pressed on, when a fierce assault by Early compelled him to fall back. Gibbon, who came up, was repulsed, and the shattered forces fled in confusion; but the pursuers were checked by General Birney's division of Stoneman's corps. The Nationals could not advance, for Stuart's cavalry, on Lee's right, strongly menaced the Union left. Finally, Reynolds, with reinforcements, pushed back the Confederate right to the Massaponax, where the contest continued until dark. Meanwhile, Couch's corps had occupied the city, with Wilcox's between his and Franklin's. At noon Couch attacked the Confederate front with great vigor. Kimball's brigade, of French's division, led, Hancock's following. Longstreet was posted on
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McCook, Edward Moody 1833- (search)
d was distinguished for skill and bravery in quick movements. During the siege of Atlanta he was ordered to move out to Fayetteville and, sweeping round, join Stoneman—leading another cavalry raid—at Lovejoy's Station on the night of July 28. He and Stoneman moved simultaneously. McCook went down the west side of the ChattahoStoneman moved simultaneously. McCook went down the west side of the Chattahoochee; crossed it on a pontoon bridge at Rivertown: tore up the track between Atlanta and West Point, near Palmetto Station: and pushed on to Fayetteville, where he captured 500 of Hood's wagons and 250 men, and killed or carried away about 1,000 mules. Pressing on, he struck and destroyed the Macon Railway at Lovejoy's at the appointed time; but Stoneman did not join him. Being hard pressed by Wheeler's cavalry, McCook turned to the southward and struck the West Point road again at Newman's Station. There he was met by a force of Mississippi infantry moving on Atlanta, and, at the same time, his rear was closely pressed by Confederate cavalry. He fough
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), entry on-to-richmond- (search)
the Potomac did not begin its march to Richmond until April. The President, satisfied that General McClellan's official burdens were greater than he could profitably bear, kindly relieved him of the chief care of the armies, and gave him, March 11, the command of only the Department of the Potomac. While Hooker and Lee were contending near Chancellorsville (q. v.), a greater part of the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac was raiding on the communications of Lee's army with Richmond. Stoneman, with 10,000 men, at first performed this service. He rode rapidly, crossing rivers, and along rough roads, and struck the Virginia Central Railway near Louisa Court-house, destroying much of it before daylight. They were only slightly opposed, and at midnight of May 2, 1863, the raiders were divided for separate work. On the morning of the 3d one party destroyed canal-boats, bridges, and Confederate supplies at Columbia, on the James River. Colonel Kilpatrick, with another party, struck
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pleasonton, Alfred 1824-1897 (search)
Pleasonton, Alfred 1824-1897 Military officer; born in Washington, D. C., June 7, 1824; graduated at West Point in 1844, entering the dragoons. He served in the war against Mexico, and afterwards in California, New Mexico, and Texas. For several years he was assistant adjutantgeneral and adjutant-general to General Harney, and in the fall of 1861 was acting colonel of the 2d Cavalry. He was made brigadier-general of volunteers in July, 1862, and took command of Stoneman's cavalry brigade, leading the van when McClellan crossed the Potomac, in October. Pleasonton was in the battles at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, and was afterwards efficient in driving Price out of Missouri, in 1864. In March, 1865, he was brevetted major-general United States army for meritorious services during the rebellion. He resigned his commission in 1868, and was placed on the retired list as colonel in 1888. He died in Washington, D. C., Feb. 17, 1897.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stoneman, George 1822-1894 (search)
Stoneman, George 1822-1894 Military officer; born in Busti, Chautauqua co., N. Y., Aug. 8, 1822 command of that general's division. Gen. George Stoneman. He succeeded General Heintzelman as co In July, 1864, General Sherman ordered General Stoneman, at Atlanta, to take his own and Garrard' Railway. He moved on the night of July 28. Stoneman, ambitious, tried to do too much, and failed n had only about 500 men. Late in 1864 General Stoneman took command in east Tennessee, and conceal Gillem was very active in that region, and Stoneman proceeded to destroy the salt-works. Breckinraid into South Carolina was unnecessary, and Stoneman proceeded to strike and destroy the Virginia g by a part of his command. At the same time Stoneman, with his main body, advanced on Christiansbunion prisoners had been removed. On April 17 Stoneman started for east Tennessee. On the 19th Maj. number of small-arms. In March, 1865, General Stoneman was brevetted major-general, United State[1 more...]
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