Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Charles Sumner or search for Charles Sumner in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nebraska, (search)
n40th to 44th1867 to 1875 Phineas W. Hitchcock42d to 45th1871 to 1877 Algernon S. Paddock44th to 47th1875 to 1881 Alvin Saunders45th to 48th1877 to 1883 Charles H. Van Wyck47th to 50th1881 to 1888 Charles F. Manderson48th to 54th1883 to 1895 Algernon S. Paddock50th to 53d1888 to 1893 William V. Allen53d to 56th1893 to 1899 John M. Thurston54th to 57th 1895 to 1901 Charles H. Dietrich57th to—1901 to — J. H. Milard57th to —1901 to — Protest against slavery. On May 25, 1854, Charles Sumner delivered the following speech in the United States Senate in presenting a protest against the extension of slavery into Nebraska and Kansas (q. v.): I hold in my hand, and now present to the Senate, 125 separate remonstrances, from clergymen of every Protestant denomination in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, constituting the six New England States. With pleasure and pride I now do this service, and at this last stage interpose the sa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Schooner Pearl, the (search)
Schooner Pearl, the In 1848 Captain Drayton and his mate Sayles, attempted to carry away to freedom, from the vicinity of Washington, D. C., seventy-seven fugitive slaves concealed in this schooner; as the schooner neared the mouth of the Potomac River, she was overtaken and obliged to return. These fugitive slaves, men, women, and children, were immediately sold to the cotton planters of the Gulf States; while Drayton and Sayles, with difficulty saved from death by mob-violence, were brought to trial in Washington. The aggregate bail required amounted to $228,000. They were convicted and in prison until 1852, when, through the influence and efforts of Charles Sumner, President Fillmore granted them an unconditional pardon; but, notwithstanding this, they were immediately hurried out of the city and sent to the North to save them from violence and rearrest.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Secession of Southern States. (search)
regard with the greatest fear the question whether Virginia would assist Carolina in such an issue. ... You will object to the word Democrat. Democracy, in its original philosophical sense, is, indeed, incompatible with slavery and the whole system of Southern society. Mr. Garnett expressed a fear that if the question was raised between Carolina and the national government, and the latter prevailed, the last hope of Southern civilization would expire. Preston S. Brooks, who assaulted Senator Sumner of Massachusetts, when alone at his desk in the Senate, said, in an harangue before an excited populace in South Carolina, I tell you that the only mode which I think available for meeting the issue is, just to tear in twain the Constitution of the United States, trample it under foot, and form a Southern Confederacy, every State of which shall be a slave-holding State. ... I have been a disunionist from the time I could think. If I were commander of an army, I never would post a sentin
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sedgwick, John 1813- (search)
Sedgwick, John 1813- Military officer; born in Cornwall, Conn., Sept. 13, 1813; graduated at West Point in 1837; served in the Seminole War and the war against Mexico, where he became highly distinguished; was commissioned a brigadiergeneral of volunteers in August, 1861. In May, 1862, he was promoted to majorgeneral, and led a division in Sumner's corps in the Peninsula campaign Gen. John Sedgwick. immediately afterwards. At the battle of Antietam he was seriously wounded, and in December he was put in command of the 9th Army Corps. In February, 1863, he took command of the 6th Corps, and in the Chancellorsville campaign, in May, he made a brave attack upon the Heights of Fredericksburg, and carried them, but was compelled to retire. During the Gettysburg campaign he commanded the left wing of the army; and in November following, near the Rapidan in Virginia, he captured a whole Confederate division. He entered earnestly upon the Richmond campaign in the spring of 1864,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Senate, United States (search)
at and took a stand in front of the secretary's table, at the same time drawing and cocking a revolver. Mr. Benton was led back to his seat by Senators in the midst of great confusion, and Mr. Foote was induced to surrender the pistol. The committee reported that the whole scene was most discreditable to the Senate, but recommended no action, expressing the hope that their condemnation of the affair would be a sufficient rebuke and a warning not unheeded in future. The attack on Charles Sumner occurred in the Senate chamber after the body had adjourned, and the offending party was not a member of the Senate. The Senate has exercised its power of explusion five times. William Blount, a Senator from Tennessee, was expelled July 8, 1797, for complicity in a scheme to transfer New Orleans and adjacent territory from Spain to Great Britain. John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky, was expelled Dec. 4, 1861, for participation in the Rebellion. Trusten Polk and Waldo P. Johnson, Senat
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Seward, William Henry 1801-1872 (search)
n them with pistol and bowie-knife, and, when they caught them, coat them with tar and feathers; but this quiet, clearheaded, law-abiding man, respecting himself, always respecting others, never giving personal offence to others and himself refusing to be offended—what could be done with him? Nothing. With all his self-respect and his consciousness of his own power, he had no offensive egotism; he gave no provocation to personal enmity by personal bitterness; and the fate that fell upon Charles Sumner he escaped. Even to the end he remained upon terms of personal intercourse with the leading representatives of slavery at Washington. For not only did he refrain himself from giving them ground of personal offence, but he showed them unmistakably that he would not be provoked into personal retort by personality, but he would keep himself to the question in the abstract. It is told of him—but not in the book before us, which brings his life down only to the year 1846—that one day a So<
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ship-building. (search)
Mr. Adams gave this notice Nov. 23, 1864. It will be noted that the executive department acted in this matter, without any authority from Congress. It assumed the right to annul the convention without legislative action. Jan. 17, 1865, Senator Sumner, chairman of the committee on foreign relations, reported to the Senate, with an amendment, the resolution which had passed the House at its last session. On the next day the resolution passed the Senate. On Feb. 4 the amendment was agreed n and Ireland to terminate the treaty of eighteen hundred and seventeen, regulating the naval force upon the lake, is hereby adopted and ratified as if the same had been authorized by Congress. Approved, Feb. 9, 1865. Secretary Seward, Senator Sumner, both Houses of Congress, and President Lincoln called this convention a treaty, so that there is ample justification for giving it that title. As a treaty it was a part of the supreme law of the land. As a law of the land it was repealed b
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spain, War with (search)
ort of Lawton, and again returned in time to take part in the closing scenes about San Juan Hill. Wheeler, who had taken part in the affair at Las Guasimas and had become ill from overexertion, which compelled his absence during the principal fighting at San Juan Hill, yet, on hearing of the engagement, with more martial spirit than physical strength, joined his command later in the day. During his temporary absence, the cavalry division was under the command of Colonel (afterwards General) Sumner, whose commands were given in the most cool and deliberate way, under the most trying circumstances, as the troops swept up the ascent at San Juan Hill. The bravery of Roosevelt was conspicuous as he led his command into action, while the troops under Generals Hawkins and Kent were skilfully manoeuvred by their brave commanders. The army lost in these engagements some of its best officers and bravest men. The total number present for duty June 30 was 858 officers and 17,358 enlisted men.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stanton, Edwin McMasters 1814- (search)
d their widely dissimiliar belief, with his service under him. His reply ignored my meaning. Do? he said; I intend to accomplish three things. I will make Abe Lincoln President of the United States. I will force this man McClellan to fight or throw up; and last, but not least, I will pick Lorenzo Thomas up with a pair of tongs and drop him from the nearest window. Strange as it is, this last and apparently easiest task, was the one he did not accomplish. Lorenzo defied him, and, as Sumner wrote Stanton, stuck to the last. To appreciate the change wrought in the appointment of Mr. Stanton, one has to understand the condition of the government at the time the Hon. Simon Cameron was retired. The war, that so unexpectedly broke upon us—so unexpectedly that the government itself could not believe in its existence until the roar of Confederate artillery rang in its ears, found a people at the North not only unprepared, but in profound ignorance of all that was necessary to car
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Summerfield, John 1798-1825 (search)
Summerfield, John 1798-1825 Clergyman; born in Preston, England, Jan. 31, 1798; was educated at a Moravian school; came to New York in 1821, and was admitted to the Methodist conference of that State. He preached in Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington in 1822, his eloquence arousing enthusiasm. He went to France in 1822, and returned to the United States in 1824 and preached in the large cities. He was the founder of the American Tract Society. He died in New York City, June 13, 1825. Sumner, Charles
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