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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2. 318 8 Browse Search
Elias Nason, McClellan's Own Story: the war for the union, the soldiers who fought it, the civilians who directed it, and his relations to them. 292 2 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 152 0 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2. 114 2 Browse Search
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox 92 2 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 40 2 Browse Search
George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade) 28 0 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 1 27 1 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3. 13 3 Browse Search
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 9 1 Browse Search
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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 5: Round about Richmond. (search)
rted by Hooker's division on the Yorktown road and W. F. Smith's on the Hampton road. They were followed on the Hampton road by General Heintzelman (Kearny's division), Third Corps, and Couch's and Casey's divisions of Keyes's (Fourth) Corps, Sumner's (Second) Corps on the Yorktown road. Nearing Williamsburg, the roads converge and come together in range of field batteries at Fort Magruder. About eight miles out from Yorktown, on the Hampton road, Stuart, hearing of severe cavalry fight by take it, but the woods through which he marched were tangled and swampy, and delayed him until night brought him to bivouac. Meanwhile, the Confederates who drove the cavalry from its reconnoissance had occupied the redoubt. The corps commanders Sumner, Heintzelman, and Keyes and the cavalry leader Stoneman were together that night in conference. The highways, over flats but little above tide-water, were saturated by the spring rains, cut into deep ruts by the haul of heavy trains, and p
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 7: Seven Pines, or Fair Oaks. (search)
Fifth) was posted at Beaver Dam Creek, Franklin's (Sixth) two miles lower down, Sumner's (Second) near the middle of the line, about three miles from the river. The ave towards Richmond, was strengthened at vulnerable points by fieldworks. General Sumner was senior of the corps commanders, and in command of the right wing; Generuarters beyond the river, six miles away, heard the noise of battle and ordered Sumner's (Second) corps under arms to await orders. General Sumner ordered the commanGeneral Sumner ordered the command under arms, marched the divisions to their separate bridges, and put the columns on the bridges, partly submerged, to hold them to their moorings, anxiously awaitin before. Confederate War Papers, G. W. Smith. It seems that at that moment General Sumner reached the field. He reported: On arriving on the field, I found General and a prisoner, and General Hampton wounded. General Smith was beaten. General Sumner reported: I ordered the following regiments, Eighty-second New York, Thirty
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 8: Sequels of Seven Pines. (search)
ly out as a party of observation, to prevent reinforcement of the enemy from the east side of the river, and that he kept Sumner off of us. But he waited three hours after the enemy's ranks and lines had been broken, instead of moving with and finishing the battle, thus giving Sumner time to march from the east of the river, and strike him and beat him to disorder, and change the lost battle to success. He shows that Hill's and Longstreet's divisions could have gained the battle unaided,--whichrd work to reach the enemy's third line, we could have captured it in the second hour and had the field cleaned up before Sumner crossed the river. General Keyes, the commander of the Fourth Corps, in his Fifty years observations, says,--The left so important as prompt and vigorous work. If the battle had opened at sunrise, Smith would have made the same wait, and Sumner's march would have been in time to beat him. All elements of success were in the plan, but balky troops will mar the stro
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 10: fighting along the Chickahominy. (search)
ad, defending the avenues of approach from Richmond. On the 29th, Magruder in pursuit came upon Sumner's (Second) corps at Allen's Farm, and, after a spirited affair, found Sumner too strong for him.Sumner too strong for him. After his success, Sumner retired to Savage Station, where he joined Franklin with his division under Smith. The Third Corps (Heintzelman's), under misconception of orders, or misleading of staff-ofSumner retired to Savage Station, where he joined Franklin with his division under Smith. The Third Corps (Heintzelman's), under misconception of orders, or misleading of staff-officers, followed the marching corps across the swamp, leaving the Second and Smith's division of the Sixth as the only defending forces. At Savage Station, Magruder came upon them and again joined bas, on McCall's right; Hooker in front of the Quaker road, on McCall's left; Sedgwick's division, Sumner's corps, behind McCall. Before noon of the 30th, Jackson's column encountered Franklin, defe moving to the right repulsed the rebels in the handsomest manner and with great slaughter. General Sumner, who was with General Sedgwick, in McCall's rear, also greatly aided with his artillery and
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 11: battle of Malvern Hill. (search)
e upon it in force at Savage Station. The Second Corps and Franklin's division under W. F. Smith of the Sixth, under General Sumner, were posted there to cover the retreat. Magruder planned battling with his own six brigades against their front, twary, he has been directed to do so, and to push the pursuit vigorously. Rebellion Record, vol. XI. part II. p. 687. Sumner, besides his greater force, having some advantage from the earthworks previously constructed, repulsed Magruder's attack, and the affair of cross-purposes failed of effect. If Jackson could have joined against the right of Sumner with his brigades, the latter could have been dislodged, the Confederates passing the swamp with him, which would have marked the beginni The occasion was especially propitious, for Heintzelman's corps, that had been designated as part of the rear-guard with Sumner and Franklin, through some misconception had marched over the swamp, to camp near Charles City crossroads, leaving easy w
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 14: Second battle of Manassas (Bull Run). (search)
iments as a guide to scattered comrades. And what a night it was! Dark, gloomy, and beclouded by the volumes of smoke which had risen from the battle-field. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. At six o'clock, General Pope received report of the Sixth Corps, that had marched from Alexandria under General Franklin to the vicinity of Centreville, and ordered the several commands to concentrate about that hamlet during the night. The Second Corps from the Army of the Potomac under General Sumner also joined him at Centreville. But for the dropping off of two of Wilcox's brigades from close connection with the right wing, and the deflection of Drayton's brigade, which was taken off by some unauthorized and unknown person from my right to the support of cavalry, it is possible that my working column could have gained the plateau of the Henry House before it was dark. Or if Jackson had been fresh enough to pull up even with us, he could have retained the commands under Reno an
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 15: the Maryland campaign. (search)
. His army was organized: Right wing, under General Burnside: First and Ninth Corps; the Kanawha Division, under General J. D. Cox, was assigned with the Ninth Corps about the 8th instant. Centre column: Second and Twelfth Corps, under General Sumner. Left wing: Sixth Corps and Couch's division of the Fourth under General Franklin; Sykes's division, Fifth Corps, independent. Record, vol. XIX. part i. Besides the despatches of the 11th and 12th, his cavalry under General Pleasontles; Sixth Corps, to Buckeystown, seven miles; Couch's division, to Licksville, six miles; Sykes's division, to Frederick, eight miles. At Frederick, General Lee's special order No. 191 was handed to General McClellan at his Headquarters with his centre (Sumner's) column. How lost and how found we shall presently see, and see that by the mischance and accident the Federal commander came in possession of information that gave a spur, and great advantage, to his somewhat demoralized army.
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 16: the lost order --South Mountain. (search)
The order sent to General Hill from general Headquarters was carefully preserved. When the Federals marched into Frederick, just left by the Confederates, General Sumner's column went into camp about noon, and it was then that the despatch was found by Colonel Silas Colgrove, who took it to division Headquarters, whence it wasral McClellan's orders for the 14th were dated,-- 13th, 6.45 P. M., Couch to move to Jefferson with his whole division, and join Franklin. 13th, 8.45 P. M., Sumner to move at seven A. M. 13th, 11.30 P. M., Hooker to march at daylight to Middletown. 13th, 11.30 P. M., Sykes to move at six A. M., after Hooker on the Middletown and Hagerstown road. 14th, one A. M., artillery reserve to follow Sykes closely. 14th, nine A. M., Sumner ordered to take the Shockstown road to Middletown. Franklin's corps at Buckeystown to march for Burkittsville. Rebellion Record, vol. XIX. part i. p. 48. He wrote General Franklin at 6.20 P. M., giving th
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 18: battle of Sharpsburg, or Antietam. (search)
in the day McLaws and Walker in time to meet Sumner's advance under Sedgwick around Dunker chapelgement would be by the Second Corps, under General Sumner; Sedgwick's division was in the lead as thof general Headquarters staff. At sight of Sumner's march, General Early rode from the field in aited on the directions of the leader. General Sumner rode with his leading division under Genercommanders having been killed or wounded. General Sumner testified,--On going upon the field I founrcle. To counter the rear fire of Walker, General Sumner ordered the rear brigade to face about. T to the Roulette House, where they encountered Sumner's division under French, and parts of the Twelates could have waited other supports. General Sumner was eager in riding with his leading divisto command the field, right and left, to cover Sumner's and Burnside's fronts, as soon as they couldades had been ordered by the upper crossing to Sumner's relief, and a detachment had been sent to as
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 19: battle of Sharpsburg, or Antietam (continued). (search)
immediate vicinity of the White Church. The other brigade (Bartlett's) had been ordered by General Sumner to keep near his right. As this brigade was to form the reserve for the column of attack, I waited until it came up. About the same time General Sumner arrived on the spot and directed the attack to be postponed, and the enemy at once proceeded to fill the wood with infantry, and planted a batteries on the east side dispersed a column marching in the afternoon to reinforce against General Sumner. This was probably Jackson's command marching to their position on the line. The fire onlyanded by Major-General Burnside; the centre, composed of the Second and Twelfth Corps, by Major-General Sumner, and the left wing, comprising the Sixth Corps and Couch's division (Fourth Corps), by Ma. Frank P. Amsden; 5th U. S., Batt. C, Capt. Dunbar R. Ransom. Second Army Corps, Major-General Edwin V. Sumner. escort, 6th N. Y. Cav., Co. D, Capt. Henry W. Lyon; 6th N. Y. Cav., Co. K, Capt. Ri
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