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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 1: operations in Virginia.--battle of Chancellorsville.--siege of Suffolk. (search)
onfederates were retreating toward Richmond. On that afternoon, a short time before the attack, General Hooker wrote to Sedgwick, saying: We know the enemy is flying — trying to save his trains. Two of Sickles's divisions are among them. --See Swinton's Campaigns of the Army of the, Potomac, note, page 284. There appears no evidence of any lack of vigilance or skill on the part of Howard, either before or after the attack. No one seems to have suspected the bold and seeming reckless movemente of the Battle of Chancellorsville was drawn, are the reports of Generals Hooker and Lee, and their subordinate commanders; of the Committee on the Conduct of the War, volume I., 1865; history of The Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, by William Swinton; Chancellorsville, by Hotchkiss and Allan; and written and oral statements to the author by participants in the campaign. As usual, in cases of disaster, there was much crimination and recrimination after the battle of Chancellorsville, a
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 2: Lee's invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania. (search)
when two thousand of them were made prisoners, and, with fifteen battle-flags, became trophies of victory for Hayes and his divisions. these were mostly raw troops, and generally behaved well. They had been deceived, it is said, with the assurance that they would meet only Pennsylvania militia, but when the terrible fire was opened upon them, the fearful cry spread through their ranks, the Army of the Potomac! --see Dr. Jacobs's Rebel invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania, page 43, and Swinton's Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, page 359. Pettigrew's brigade was terribly shattered when it gave way. Its. Commander was badly wounded, and all but one of its field officers were dead or maimed. It fell back under the command of a major. It was about 3,000 strong when it went into the battle, but only 800 answered to their names at roll-call the next morning. still Pickett moved on with his Virginians, and, with the greatest courage and fortitude, his men, following Generals Arm
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 6: siege of Knoxville.--operations on the coasts of the Carolinas and Georgia. (search)
withdraw. The Montauk and Catskill were almost as near, and these, with the remainder of the monitors, poured a tremendous storm of heavy metal on the fort. Mr. Swinton, author of Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, who was on board the flag-ship during the action, and sent a graphic account of it to the New York Times, thus he focus of their concentric fire, at the distance of from only five to eight hundred yards. These were thrown at the rate of one hundred and sixty a minute. Mr. Swinton said: Some of the commanders of the iron-clads afterward told me that the shot struck their vessels as fast as the ticking of a watch. The greater portion of han the grand old sailor, the noble Dupont; and yet no man could possibly see with more clearness the blind madness of such an attempt. He dared to be wise. Mr. Swinton in the New York Times. The terrible fight did not last more than forty minutes, during which time, it was estimated, the Confederates fired three thousand f
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 12: operations against Richmond. (search)
e destruction of that army, by capture or dispersion. He had hoped to accomplish that object north of Richmond, but had failed to do so. He was disappointed, but not disheartened, by his failure and his enormous losses, which were to Lee's as three to one; The entire loss of men in this campaign, from the 4th of May to the 12th of June, when the troops proceeded to cross the James River, was about 60,000, while that of the Confederates was not more than 20,000. A tabular statement by Mr. Swinton, in his Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, page 491, tells the losses in the battles and attendant movements, as follows: Battles of the Wilderness, 29,410; of Spottsylvania Court-House, 10,831; of the North Anna, 1,607; and of Cool Arbor, 18,153. Total, 54,551. To this number must be added the losses in the Ninth Corps (Burnside's, which, until the Battle of Cool Arbor, was independent of Meade's command), estimated at 5,000, makes the grand total about 60,000. The loss in officers
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 20: Peace conference at Hampton Roads.--the campaign against Richmond. (search)
immense numbers of desertions from the Army, it was officially reported at about the first of March, 1865, that the number of deserters from the Confederate armies was about 100,000. the author of the Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac (Mr. Swinton), says, on the authority of General Johnston, that two main armies of the Confederacy showed four men on their rolls to one in their ranks. because of inadequate and unwholesome subsistence, but the villainous way in which, by imprisonment adown upon the Confederates with wild fury, caused a large portion to throw down their arms, while the remainder sought safety in a most disorderly flight westward, pursued many miles, long after dark, by the cavalry of Merritt and McKenzie. Mr. Swinton, in his Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, page 600, says of Warren, who was in the van of the charging column, his horse was fatally shot within a few feet of the breastworks, and he, himself, was in imminent peril, when a gallant officer