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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Defence of batteries Gregg and Whitworth, and the Evacuation of Petersburg. (search)
ing and more or less inaccurate, but none varying more widely from the truth than those of the two historians, Cooke and Swinton. The former, page 445 of his Life of Gen. Lee says: The forts, especially Gregg, made a gallant resistance. This work e Boydton plank road, and on west side of the road; 4th, the number of men in the battery was not reduced to thirty. Swinton, page 603, Army of the Potomac says: The attack was directed against Forts Gregg and Alexander, the last mentioned was cack upon Gravelly run, and the driving of Sheridan back to Dinwiddie Courthouse by Picket, was the cause, according to Mr. Swinton, of such anxiety at headquarters of the Army of the Potomac as to lead to the determination to withdraw the Second andhe line of the Boydton plank road and Gravelly run — Ord and Humphreys to hold the run. This was abandoned, according to Swinton, at the suggestion of Gen. Warren, who proposed to move towards Dinwiddie Courthouse and make a combined attack with She
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Gen. Lee's strength and losses at Gettysburg. (search)
ate strength is a statement, reported as coming from Gen. Longstreet, that Lee had at Gettysburg 67,000 bayonets, or above 70,000 of all arms. These numbers, Mr. Swinton says (see his Army of the Potomac), were given him by Longstreet, in an interview soon after the war. Now, Mr. Swinton may have misunderstood Gen. Longstreet, aMr. Swinton may have misunderstood Gen. Longstreet, and probably did, for this officer, in a letter on the batte of Gettysburg to the New Orleans Republican, dated February 16th, 1876, says that the strength of the two divisions, of Hood's and McLaws, was but 13,000 in all. These divisions each contained four brigades. The remaining division of Longstreet's corps (Pickett's) contai,352 men, which constituted the entire force for duty in the Department of Northern Virginia, at the end of May, according to the Confederate return, published by Swinton, Gen. Lee could hardly have taken over 60,000 with him. 4. Gen. Early's careful estimate. (See his report, Southern Magazine, September and October, 1872.)
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Causes of the defeat of Gen. Lee's Army at the battle of Gettysburg-opinions of leading Confederate soldiers. (search)
r the months of June anmd August, 1862, April and June, 1863, and May and September, 1864. This table was made out by Mr. Swinton, author of the History of the Army of the Potomac, from the Confederate returns in the Archive Office at Washington, and is indisputably correct, except where, in the absence of the official returns, Mr. Swinton has substituted his own estimates or conjectures for the months of June and August, 1862, and June, 1863. You will observe that, at the close of May, 1863 time. No reliance whatever is to be placed in the conjectural estimate of our strength for June of that year made by Mr. Swinton, nor in the statements of any of the writers on the Federal side as to our strength at Gettysburg. You will perceised to keep off that force, when one brigade ought to have been amply sufficient. From some communications made to Mr. Swinton by Gen. Longstreet after. the war, and contained in the book of the former, you will find that Gen. Longstreet was st
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Causes of the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg. (search)
e, with poor and exposed communications along it. I believe it was simply impossible to have made different attacks from the flanks and center of the line we occupied and over the different distances which would have to be traversed and which should be so simultaneous that the squeeze would fall on the enemy at all points at the same time. And in this connection, I think that the very position which we took and every feature of the three days conflict shows the absurdity of a story told by Swinton, who is generally very fair and above giving anecdotes suitable only for the marines. He says that some of our brigades were encouraged to the charge by being told that they were to meet only Pennsylvania militia, but on getting very near the enemy's line they recognized the bronzed features of the veterans of the Army of the Potomac, (I quote from memory) and were at once panic-struck. Such stories are not only absurb, but, in a history, are in bad taste, having a tendency to provoke re
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Supplement to General Early's Review.-reply to General Longstreet. (search)
made him such an invaluable executor of General Lee's plans. If Mr. Swinton has told the truth, in repeating in his book what is alleged to the Washington and Lee University from the fact that I had read Mr. Swinton's Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, and discovered that his everal respects, was based on information given by the latter to Mr. Swinton after the war. I here give some extracts from Swinton's book: Swinton's book: On page 340 he says: Indeed, in entering on the campaign, General Lee expressly promised his corps commanders that'he would not assume s again General Longstreet. These uncontradicted statements by Swinton, the genuineness of which is now verified by similar statements unrk then begun immediately after the war by his communications to Mr. Swinton, his complaint now of being rancorously assailed by those whose on the morning of the 2nd, before Meade's army should all be up? Swinton says: The absence of Pickett's division on the day before made Gen