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n the 18th. the enemy's surprise thereat. Mr. Swinton, Mr. McCabe, and Mr. J. E. Cooke. their erkahominy) to Wilcox Landing, on the James, Swinton's Army of the Potomac, p. 499. where General which had only reached Petersburg at dusk Swinton's Army of the Potomac, p. 509. on that day, turg without delay. R. E. Lee, General. Mr. Swinton, in his Army of the Potomac, is, therefore,f the 18th. This settles the point as to Mr. Swinton's first error. The second, referring to thtersburg or of the line of the Appomattox. Swinton's Army of the Potomac, p. 503. The italics arcould ride over them—a representation, says Mr. Swinton (Army of the Potomac, p. 502), that did notd be withdrawn from his Department. Like Mr. Swinton, who, in most instances, is a careful and ihether Mr. Davis derived his information from Swinton, McCabe, or Cooke, he has certainly ignored ttended with another mournful loss of life. Swinton's Army of the Potomac, p. 511. General Le[5 more...]
of the period of assaults, though no large action had taken place, the rolls of the army showed a loss of 15,000 men. Swinton, Army of the Potomac, p. 515. If we cannot here inscribe the names of all those who figured in that bloody drama, weoment occurred between the two armies then confronting each other until the memorable event so appropriately termed by Mr. Swinton the mine fiasco. Army of the Potomac, p. 518. Being satisfied, says General Meade, in his report, that Lee's army wasit was not in human endurance to hold out in this incessant effort, and the limit had for a time been reached. And Mr. Swinton says: Indeed, the Union army, terribly shaken, as well in spirit as in material substance, by the repeated attackses of victory, notwithstanding the exhausted condition of our men, would be all in our favor; and General Badeau's and Mr. Swinton's admissions now show the correctness of his judgment. Had General Lee attacked General Grant at that moment, the war
those who give a higher number, and accuses them of always exaggerating the National losses. Mr. Swinton, whose account of this expedition agrees with ours, puts the Federal loss at 2500, exclusive of several hundred from the 6th Corps. Swinton's Army of the Potomac, pp. 512, 513. The result of this movement to attempt interruption of our communications was in nowise beneficial to the enemy,fell back, with the loss of his trains and artillery and a considerable number of prisoners. Swinton's Army of the Potomac, p. 513. The statement is confirmed by General Meade's report. Wilson barn them had been pronounced impracticable by the [Federal] chiefs of artillery and engineers. Swinton's Army of the Potomac, p. 515. Beginning south of the Appomattox, these lines encircled the cit 250 men—killed, wounded, and missing— out of about 1500. The Federal loss is reported, by Mr. Swinton, at about 4000 men; by General Meade, at 4400 killed, wounded, and missing, 246 prisoners, 2
h of August, about eight or ten days after his departure, was ordered back to his former position at Petersburg, having sustained a loss of more than 1500 men. Swinton, Army of the Potomac, p. 532.; Meanwhile, and before General Hancock's return, an expedition, aimed at the Weldon Railroad, was undertaken by General Warren. on both sides, resulting, however, in the final retention of the road by the Federals. Their loss amounted to not less than 4455 killed, wounded, and missing. Swinton, Army of the Potomac, p. 535. This shows what a strong effort General Lee had made to dislodge the enemy from the Weldon road. Unfortunately, and owing to the imeve him were marched by the longer of the two roads leading to him. The Federal loss was reckoned at 2400, killed, wounded, and missing, out of about 8000 men. Swinton's Army of the Potomac, p. 538. Our own loss was severe also, though we have no means now at hand, of ascertaining the exact figures. Since the battle of Drury'
would have reanimated the whole South, and brought back thousands of absentees to our ranks. Under such circumstances, with a wise, far-seeing Administration, and with prompt, energetic action in the field, was it folly to assume that we could have claimed and obtained an honorable peace? General Beauregard knew that the South was not exhausted; that there still remained in it strong powers of vitality; that the granaries of that vast and fertile territory bulged with stores of corn. Swinton's Army of the Potomac, p. 571. He also knew that the Army of Northern Virginia was wasting away in a futile attempt to preserve Richmond and Petersburg; that General Lee was not in a position to undertake any movement against the army confronting him; and that should reinforcements be drawn from his ranks, none of his plans would thereby suffer or be prevented; while, by utilizing one or two corps of the Army of Virginia, Sherman could have been checked, cut off from his base, and, eventual