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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Ceremonies connected with the unveiling of the statue of General Robert E. Lee, at Lee circle, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 22, 1884. (search)
aggregate engaged in the campaign to one hundred and ninety-two thousand men, while Lee had received but fourteen thousand reinforcement. Lee had so managed his inferior force as to confront his adversary at every halt and to be ready for battle whenever offered. Such skill had he displayed in the selection of his positions and the disposition of his troops that he repulsed every assault, won every battle and forced his adversary to retire from every field. According to the authority of Swinton, the Federal historian, Grant had lost sixty thousand men, a number nearly equal to the entire force of his opponent. And what had the Federal commander accomplished? He had reached a point on the James River, the water route to Richmond always open, where, in much less time and without the loss of a man, he might have established himself at the opening of the campaign. The siege of Petersburg! How shall I commemorate it? How shall I do justice to the heroism displayed in the defence
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), First Maryland campaign. (search)
character as a commander, and by the sensitiveness of the Federal Government in regard to Washington. This expectation was defeated by the loss of the dispatch containing General Lee's plans, and, we believe, by this alone. General Longstreet seems to think that only Virginian writers consider this dispatch of great importance. We believe that Generals Longstreet and D. H. Hill are the only two people who refuse to see the decisive importance of the lost dispatch upon the campaign. (See Swinton, Comte de Paris, Palfrey, &c.) General Lee, we know, thought it the most important factor in the campaign. It changed all his plans and, as he believed, the result. A single day of delay on McClellan's part at South Mountain would probably have rendered the battle at this barrier unnecessary. Two days delay would certainly have relieved Lee from all necessity of defending the passes, and would have rendered possible the concentration of his army anywhere in the Hagerstown Valley in time
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Address before the Virginia division of Army of Northern Virginia, at their reunion on the evening of October 21, 1886. (search)
ern Virginia did even greater wonders after this conversation, for it fought through Grant's campaign of 1864 in which it placed hors de combat a number of the enemy equal to its entire numerical strength at the commencement of the campaign. Swinton says: Grant's loss in the series of actions from the Wilderness to the Chickahominy reached the enormous aggregate of sixty thousand men put hors de combat—a number greater than the entire strength of Lee's army at the opening of the campaign. etween Richmond and the Union army, and conscious of the terrible price in blood they had exacted from the latter, were in high spirit, and the morale of Lee's army was never better than after the battle of Cold Harbor. See Army of the Potomac, Swinton, pages 491, 492. Four Years with General Lee, Taylor, page 135. Southern Historical Papers, General C. M. Wilcox. page 75. But General Humphreys, in his Virginia Campaign of ‘64 and ‘65, putting our forces at 61,953 at the commencement of the<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The campaign from the Wilderness to Petersburg—Address of Colonel C. S Venable (formerly of General R. E. Lee's staff), of the University of Virginia, before the Virginia division f the Army of Northern Virginia, at their annual meeting, held in the Virginia State Capitol, at Richmond, Thursday , October 30th, 1873. (search)
pathway. That General Lee's bold strategy was very unexpected to the enemy, is well illustrated by the fact recorded by Swinton, the Federal historian, that when the advance of Warren's corps struck the head of Ewell's column, on the morning of the and Stuart, with the assistance of several brigades of infantry sent to him by Anderson, soon created in the enemy what Swinton describes as an excited and nervous condition of mind and a tendency to stampede—ascribed by him, however, to want of re and the battery, which, after doing much execution at short range, had fallen into the hands of the attacking force. Swinton, blindly followed by several other writers, speaks here of the capture of nine hundred prisoners from Rodes. This is an When a renewal of the attack was ordered by General Grant in the forenoon, most of his troops refused to move, and says Swinton: His immobile lines pronounced a silent, yet emphatic verdict against further slaughter. On the 4th of June we had a re
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 14. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Book notices. (search)
hat Lee's losses were nearly, if not fully as heavy as Grant's, and that Grant's campaign was a splendid success which raised to the highest pitch the morale of the Army of the Potomac, while it depressed and demoralized the Army of Northern Virginia to such an extent that it steadily melted away until the end came. Now any one who will read Grant's narrative of this campaign in connection with the official reports—or will compare it with the accounts of Early, Venable, Walter H. Taylor, Swinton, or Humphreys, will see at once that it is all stuff—the veriest romance that was ever attempted to be palmed off as history. The real truth about that campaign is given by Colonel Venable in his address before the Army of Northern Virginia Association, which we publish in this volume, and is in brief simply this: As soon as Grant with his immense host, crossed the Rapidan, Lee moved out and attacked him—Lee made no move in the campaign which was not to meet the enemy—there was never a da