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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morgan, John Hunt 1826- (search)
Morgan, John Hunt 1826- Military officer; born in Huntsville, Ala., June 1, 1826; killed at Greenville, Tenn., Sept. 4, 1864. Settled near Lexington, Ky., in 1830, with his parents; served under Taylor in the John Hunt Morgan. war with Mexico; and in 1861, at the head of the Lexington Rifles, he joined Buckner of the Kentucky State Guard. At the battle of Shiloh he commanded a squadron of Confederate cavalry, and soon afterwards began his career as a raider. His first noted exploit was his invasion of Kentucky from eastern Tennessee (July, 1861), with 1,200 men, under a conviction that vast numbers of young men would flock to his standard and he would become the liberator of that commonwealth. Dispersing a small National force at Tompkinsville, Monroe co., he issued a flaming proclamation to the people of Kentucky. He was preparing the way for Bragg's invasion of that State. Soon recruits joined Morgan, and he roamed about the State, plundering and destroying. At Lebanon
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morris, William Walton 1801-1865 (search)
Morris, William Walton 1801-1865 Military officer; born in Ballston Springs, N. Y., Aug. 31, 1801; graduated at West Point in 1820, and served against the Indians under Colonel Leavenworth in 1823; gained promotion to major for services in the Seminole War, and to colonel in 1861. He served under Taylor in the war against Mexico, and was military governor of both Tampico and Puebla. When the Civil War broke out he was in command at Fort McHenry, where he defied the threatening Confederates, and promptly turned the guns of the fort menacingly on the city during the riots in Baltimore, April 19, 1861. He was brevetted brigadier-general in June, 1862, and major-general in December, 1865. He died in Baltimore, Md., Dec. 11, 1865. See Baltimore; McHenry, Fort.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mother of Presidents, (search)
Mother of Presidents, A name popularly given to Virginia, which has furnished six Presidents of the United States—namely, Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Harrison, and Taylor. It is also called Mother of States, as it was the first settled of the original thirteen States that formed the Unio
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, State of (search)
denSept. 12, 1769 to 1770 John Lord DunmoreOct. 19, 1770 to 1771 William TryonJuly 9, 1771 to 1777 State governors. Name.Party.When Elected.Opponents.Party. George Clinton 1777 1780 1783 1786 1789 Robert Yates. 1792 John Jay. John Jay 1795 Robert YatesDem.-Rep. 1798 Robert Livingston. George Clinton1801 Stephen Van Rensselaer. Morgan LewisDem.-Rep 1804 Aaton Burr. Daniel D. Tompkins 1807 Morgan Lewis. 1810 Jonas Platt. 1813 Stephen Van Rensselaer. 1816 Rufus King. John Taylor1817 De Witt Clinton 1817Peter B. Porter. 1820Daniel D. Tompkins. Joseph C. Yates1822Solomon Southwick. De Witt Clinton 1824Samuel Young. 1826William B. Rochester. Nathaniel Pitcher Martin Van BurenDemocrat.1828Smith Thompson. Solomon Southwick Anti-masonic. Enos T. ThroopDemocrat. 1829 1830 Francis Granger Anti-masonic. Ezekiel Williams William L. MarcyDemocrat.1832 Francis GrangerAnti-masonic. 1834 William H. SewardWhig. 1836 Jesse Buel. Isaac S. Smith. William H. Sewa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nominating conventions, National (search)
ed for whomsoever they pleased for the Presidency and Vice-Presidency. In May, 1812, when the congressional caucus was called, the members assembled in their individual character, which clearly indicates the drift of the opinion of the day. It is true, that Madison was unanimously nominated, but the caucus went further, and appointed a committee on correspondence and arrangements of one from each State, to see that the nominations were duly respected. In the congressional caucus of 1816, Mr. Taylor, of New York, offered a resolution to the effect that congressional caucus nominations for the Presidency were inexpedient and ought to be discontinued. This was a new move, and although the motion did not prevail, the subject once started in that manner in the caucus itself was not to be talked down. Up to 1824 the electors were usually chosen by the several State legislatures, as has been the custom in South Carolina, even down to a very recent date. In the year named the Federalists
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Okeechobee Swamp, battle of (search)
Okeechobee Swamp, battle of An engagement in Florida in which General Taylor defeated the Seminoles and captured Osceola, Dec. 25, 1837.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Palo Alto, battle of (search)
Palo Alto, battle of On a part of a prairie in Texas, about 8 miles northeast of Matamoras, Mexico, flanked by ponds and beautified by tall trees (which gave it its name), General Taylor, marching with less than 2,300 men from Point Isabel towards Fort Brown, encountered about 6,000 Mexicans, led by General Arista, in 1846. At a little past noon a furious battle was begun with artillery by the Mexicans and a cavalry attack with the lance. The Mexicans were forced back, and, after a contest of about five hours, they retreated to Resaca de la Palma and encamped. They fled in great disorder, having lost in the engagement 100 men killed and wounded. The Americans lost fifty-three men. During the engagement Major Ringgold, commander of the American Flying Artillery, which did terrible work in the ranks of the Mexicans, was mortally wounded by a small cannonball that passed through both thighs and through his horse. Rider and horse both fell to the ground. The latter was dead; th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Political parties in the United States. (search)
uba; frugal public expense; free coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1. Opposed agitation of the slavery question in any form or place; coercion of the seceded States; the amelioration of the condition of the freed negroes; freedmen's bureau; Chinese immigration; strong government; opposes in general the policy of the other party in power. Whig party, 1834-54 Formed from a union of the National Republicans and disrupted Democratic-Republicans. Elected two Presidents: Harrison and Taylor. Favored non-extension of slavery; slavery agitation—i. e., right of petition and free circulation of anti-slavery documents; a United States bank; protective tariff; vigorous internal improvements; compromise of 1850. Opposed the Seminole War; annexation of Texas; Mexican War; State rights; Democratic policy towards slavery. Principal leaders of this party, Webster and Clay. Republican, 1854.—Formed from other parties, principally from the Whig party, on the issues of the slavery ques
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Polk, James Knox 1795-1849 (search)
s assumed a belligerent attitude, and on April 12 General Ampudia, then in command, notified General Taylor to break up his camp within twenty-four hours, and to retire beyond the Nueces River, and in day General Arista, who had succeeded to the command of the Mexican forces, communicated to General Taylor that he considered hostilities commenced, and should prosecute them. A party of dragoons ofAugust last, as a precautionary measure against invasion or threatened invasion, authorizing General Taylor, if the emergency required, to accept volunteers, not from Texas only, but from the States opeated, and in January last, soon after the incorporation of Texas into our Union of States, General Taylor was further authorized by the President to make a requisition upon the executive of that Stailiary force as he might need. War actually existed, and our territory having been invaded, General Taylor, pursuant to authority vested in him by my direction, has called on the governor of Texas fo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Resolutions of 1798. (search)
ional army to fight France, and the passage of the Alien and Sedition laws of the summer of 1798, brought forward into prominence bold men, leaders in communities, who were ready to support secession and nullification schemes. Among these was John Taylor, of Caroline, a Virginia statesman, who boldly put forth his advanced views. Mr. Jefferson finally sympathized with him, and at a conference held at Monticello, towards the close of October, 1798, between the latter and George and Wilson C. Ny Nicholas— passed the Kentucky legislature, Nov. 14, 1798, with only two or three dissenting votes. These nullification doctrines were echoed by the Virginia legislature, Dec. 24, in a series of resolutions drafted by Madison, and offered by John Taylor, of Caroline, who, a few months before, had suggested the idea of a separate confederacy, to be composed of Virginia and North Carolina. Madison's resolutions were more general in their terms, and allowed latitude in their interpretation. Th
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