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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 140 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 2 10 0 Browse Search
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant 2 0 Browse Search
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Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Investment of Fort Donelson-the naval operations-attack of the enemy-assaulting the works-surrender of the Fort (search)
escaped with about 1,000 and others were leaving singly and in squads all night. It is probable that the Confederate force at Donelson, on the 15th of February, 1862, was 21,000 in round numbers. On the day Fort Donelson fell I had 27,000 men to confront the Confederate lines and guard the road four or five miles to the left, over which all our supplies had to be drawn on wagons. During the 16th, after the surrender, additional reinforcements arrived. During the siege General [William Tecumseh] Sherman had been sent to Smithland, at the mouth of the Cumberland River, to forward reinforcements and supplies to me. At that time he was my senior in rank and there was no authority of law to assign a junior to command a senior of the same grade. But every boat that came up with supplies or reinforcements brought a note of encouragement from Sherman, asking me to call upon him for any assistance he could render and saying that if he could be of service at the front I might send for
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Black Hawk (search)
Black Hawk (Ma-ka-tae-mish-kia-kiak), a famous Indian: born in Kaskaskia, Ill., in 1767. He was a Pottawattomie by birth, but became a noted chief of the Saes and Foxes. He was accounted a brave when he was fifteen years of age, and soon afterwards led expeditions of war parties against the Osage Indians in Missouri and the Cherokees in Georgia. He became head chief of the Sacs when he was twenty-one years old (1788). Inflamed by Tecumseh and presents from the British agents, he joined the British in the War of 1812-15, with the commission of brigadier-general, leading about 500 warriors. He again reappeared in history in hostilities against the white people on the Northwestern frontier settlements in 1832. In that year eight of a party of Chippewas, on a visit to Fort Snelling, on the west banks of the upper Mississippi, were killed or wounded by a party of Sioux. Four of the latter were afterwards captured by the commander of the garrison at Fort Snelling and delivered up
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burnt corn Creek, battle of. (search)
Burnt corn Creek, battle of. Peter McQueen, a half-blood Creek Indian of Tallahassee, was a fiery leader among the war party of that nation, wherein civil war was raging in the spring of 1813. This war Tecumseh had stirred up, and the whole Creek nation had become a seething caldron of passion. A British squadron in the Gulf held friendly intercourse with the Spanish authorities at Pensacola. To that port McQueen and 300 followers, with pack-horses, went to get supplies and convey them to the war party in the interior. That party was inimical to the white people settled in that nation, and it was the duty of the military in that region to protect the latter. This protection was not furnished, and the white inhabitants and the peace party among the Creeks prepared to defend themselves. Col. James Caller called out the militia to intercept McQueen. There was a prompt response, and Caller set out with a few followers. He marched towards the Florida frontier, joined on the wa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Clay, Green 1757-1826 (search)
Clay, Green 1757-1826 Military officer; born in Powhatan county, Va., Aug. 14, 1757. Before he was twenty years old he Green Clay. emigrated to Kentucky, where he became a surgeon, and laid the foundation of a fortune. He represented the Kentucky district in the Virginia legislature, and was a member of the Virginia convention that ratified the national Constitution. He also assisted in framing the Kentucky constitution in 1799. Mr. Clay served long in the Kentucky legislature. In the spring of 1813 he led 3,000 Kentucky volunteers to the relief of Fort Meigs (q. v.); and, being left in command of that post, he defended it against an attack by British and Indians under General Proctor and Tecumseh. He died in Kentucky, Oct. 31, 1826. Clay, Henry
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Combs, Leslie 1794-1881 (search)
ain where they were until night or to go on was equally hazardous. We must go on, said the brave Combs. As they passed the last bend in the stream that kept the fort from view they were greatly rejoiced to see the flag was still there, and that the garrison was holding out against a strong besieging force. Suddenly they were assailed by some Indians in the woods, and were compelled to turn their canoe towards the opposite shore, where they abandoned it. One of the party was killed and another badly wounded. Combs and his unhurt companions made their way back to Fort Defiance. Subsequently, being made prisoner, he was taken by the Indians, his captors, to Fort Miami, below, where he was compelled to run the gantlet, in which he was pretty severely wounded. His life was saved by the humanity of Tecumseh. Combs became a general of the militia, and was always a zealous politician and active citizen. He was a Union man during the Civil War. He died in Lexington, Ky., Aug. 22. 1881.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Delaware Indians, (search)
the Revolutionary War broke out, but made peace with the Americans in 1778, when a massacre of ninety of the Christian Indians in Ohio by the Americans aroused the fury of the tribe. Being almost powerless, they fled to the Huron liver and Canada. Under the provisions of a treaty in 1787, a small band of Delawares returned to the Muskingum, the remainder being hostile. These fought Wayne, and were parties to the treaty at Greenville in 1795. The scattered tribes in Ohio refused to join Tecumseh in the War of 1812, and in 1818 they ceded all their lands to the United States, and settled on the White River, in Illinois, to the number of 1,800, leaving a small remnant behind. They finally settled in Kansas, where missions were established among them, and they rapidly increased in the arts of civilized life. In the Civil War, the Delawares furnished 170 soldiers for the National army. Having acquired land from the Cherokees in the Indian Territory, they now occupy the Cooweescoowee
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Detroit, (search)
anada, with a few regulars and 300 militia, hastened to Amherstburg to assist in turning back the invaders of Canada. He arrived there on the night of Aug. 13. Tecumseh and his Indian warriors were on an island opposite Fort Malden. On the following morning Brock held a conference with the Indians (of whom about 1,000 were presd come to assist in driving the Americans from their rightful hunting-grounds north of the Ohio. The Indians were pleased, and, at a subsequent interview with Tecumseh and the other chiefs, they assured him that the Indians would give him all their strength in the undertaking. Then Brock marched from Malden to Sandwich, which ey should attempt to cross the river. Early on the morning of the 16th they crossed and landed unmolested; and as they moved towards the fort, in single column, Tecumseh and his Indians, 700 strong, who had crossed 2 miles below during the night, took position in the woods on their left as flankers, while the right was protested
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Econochaca, battle at. (search)
, 1813), General Claiborne, pushing through the wilderness nearly 30 miles with horse and foot and friendly Choctaw Indians, arrived near Econochaca, or Holy Ground, a village built by Weathersford upon a bluff on the left bank of the Alabama, just below Powell's Ferry, Lowndes co., in an obscure place, as a city of refuge for the wounded and dispersed in battle, fugitives from their homes, and women and children. No path or trail led to it. It had been dedicated to this humane purpose by Tecumseh and the Prophet a few months before, and the Cherokees had been assured by them that, like Auttose, no white man could tread upon the ground and live. There the Indian priests performed their incantations, and in the square in the centre of the town the most dreadful cruelties had already been perpetrated. White prisoners and Creeks friendly to them had been there tortured and roasted. On the morning of Dec. 23 Claiborne appeared before the town. At that moment a number of friendly half
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Elkswatawa, 1775- (search)
lan of the Shawnees, about 4 miles north of Springfield, O., early in 1775. He was a shrewd deceiver of his people by means of pretended visions and powers of divination. By harangues he excited the superstition of the Indians; and such became his fame as a medicine-man, or prophet, that large numbers of men, women, and children of the forest came long distances to see this oracle of the Great Spirit, who they believed could work miracles. His features were ugly. He had Birthplace of Tecumseh and the lost one eye in his youth, and, owing to dissipation, he appeared much older than his brother Tecumseh. The latter was really an able man, and used this brother Elkswatawa, the Prophet. as his tool. The Prophet lost the confidence of his people by the events of the battle of Tippecanoe. On the evening before the battle the demagogue, surrounded by his dupes, prepared for treachery and murder. He brought out a pretended magic bowl. In one hand he held a sacred torch, in the o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harrison, William Henry 1773-1812 (search)
Though requested not to bring more than thirty followers, Tecumseh appeared with about 400 warriors. The council was held iamp in the woods, but brought their tomahawks with them. Tecumseh, in an opening speech, declared the intention of the tribusiness to interfere. When these words were interpreted, Tecumseh, with violent gesticulations, declared the governor's stater what was the matter. On being informed, he denounced Tecumseh as a bad man; that, as he had come under promise of protetantly leave the neighborhood. The council broke up, and Tecumseh retired to his camp. On the following morning, to allay ons of the Shawnee chief, Harrison visited his camp, when Tecumseh told him that he should make war on the Americans with reds the rapids. Harrison, having heard of the presence of Tecumseh on the Wabash with a large force of Indians, recommended est entreaties and indignant protests of his officers and Tecumseh, had fled northward with his army and all he could take w
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