Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 3, 15th edition.. You can also browse the collection for North America or search for North America in all documents.

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ace escaped a violent death. The first of them who aspired to the crown of Great Britain was by an English monarch doomed to death on the scaffold; her grandson was beheaded in the name of the English people. The next in the line, long a needy exile, is remembered chiefly for his vices; and, as if a domestic crime could alone avenge the national wrongs, James II. was reduced from royalty to beggary by the conspiracy of his own children. Yet the New World has monuments of the Stuarts; North America acquired its British colonies during their rule, and towns, rivers, headlands, and even states bear their names. The pacific disposition of James I. promoted the settlement of Virginia; a timely neglect fostered New England; the favoritism of Charles I. opened the way for religious liberty in Maryland; Rhode Island long cherished the charter which its importunity won from Charles II.; the honest friendship of James II. favored the grants which gave liberties to Pennsylvania, and exten
at so early a period, that she was never involved, as a leading party, in the early wars of North America. Far different were the relations of Spain with our colonial history. The world had beenocate and example of maritime freedom, and had, moreover, been ejected from the continent of North America. Yet, as a land power, it needed the alliance of England as a barrier against France; and tn religion, philosophy, opinion, and government, there was added a struggle for territory in North America. Not only in the West Indies, in the East Indies, in Africa, were France and England neighb, and a career of discovery that should carry the lilies of the Bourbons to the extremity of North America, could devise no method of building up the dominion of France in Canada but by an alliance wm the restoration of Quebec, France, advancing rapidly towards a widely extended dominion in North America, had its outposts on the Kennebec, and on the shores of Lake Huron, and had approached the s
orty-nine persons—scarcely a tenth part of the English population on its frontiers; about a twentieth part of English North America. West of Montreal, the principal French posts, and 1688 those but inconsiderable ones, were at Frontenac, at Mackith the grand pensionary Heinsius, combined in their service money, numbers, forethought, and miliitary genius. In North America, the central colonies of our repub- Chap. XXI.} ic scarce knew the existence of war, except as they 1702 were invitingly to the duke of Orrery, I believe you may depend on our be- Bol. Cor. i. 208. ing masters, at this time, of all North America. From June twenty-fifth to the thirtieth day of July, the fleet lay at Boston, taking in supplies and the colonialSt. John the colony of Louisiana excited apprehensions of the future undertakings of the Bol. Cor. II. 272 French in North America. The colonization of Louisiana had been proposed to Queen Anne; yet, at the peace, that immense region remained to F
—the key to the St. Lawrence, the bulwark of the French fisheries, and of French commerce in North America. From Cape Breton, the dominion of Louis XIV. extended up the St. Lawrence to Lake Superio but in the same nation there are contrasts. Improvement, too, has pervaded every clan in North America. The Indian of to-day excels his ancestors in skill, in power over nature, and in knowledgeme has not wholly crumbled, evidence of the extent of the Toltecan family from the heart of North America to the Andes Chap. XXII.} The inference has no natural improbability. We know the wide ranry, where never mankind dwelt, have been discovered, now in the Boudinot, &c bark cabins of North America, now in the secluded Adair valleys of the Tennessee, and again, as the authors of Aglio's e to his family; on the Egyptian pictures, men are found designated in the same way. But did North America, therefore, send its envoys to the court of Sesostris? The Carthaginians, of all ancient
ere notorious; yet tales were revived of the wealth of Louisiana; its ingots of gold had been seen in Paris. The vision of a fertile empire, with its plantations, manors, cities, and busy wharves, a monopoly of commerce throughout all French North America, the certain products of the richest silver mines and mountains of gold, were blended in the French mind into one boundless promise of untold treasures. The regent, who saw opening before him unlimited resources,—the nobility, the churchmen,had foreseen that their privileges would be such transitory things, they never would have engaged in their costly and hazardous enterprise; that, but for them, France would have multiplied its settlements till she had reigned sole mistress of North America; that, far from neglecting their defence, the glorious deeds of their soldiers, if they must not shine in British annals, would consecrate their memory in their own country, and there, at least, transmit their fame to the latest posterity; th
serve as guides to the nations. England, France, and Spain, occupied all the continent, nearly all the islands, of North America; each established over its colonies an oppressive metropolitan monopoly. Had they been united, no colony could have e town were rung mer- July 3. rily, and all the people were in transports of joy. Thus did the strongest fortress of North America capitulate to an army of undisciplined New England mechanics, and farmers, and fishermen. It was the greatest succes by native Americans, but by English emigrants, publicly, that, within thirty or fifty years, the English colonies in North America may constitute a separate state, entirely independent of England. But, as this whole country is towards the sea ungus for their metropolis does not utterly decline. The English government has therefore reason to regard the French in North America as the chief power that urges their colonies to submission. The Swede heard but the truth, though that truth lay c