Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition.. You can also browse the collection for North America or search for North America in all documents.

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g the peninsula. Cornwallis to the Board of Trade. to be so many banditti, ruffians, or rebels; and by its authority Cornwallis, to bring the rascals to reason, Cornwallis to the Board of Trade, 17 October, 1749. offered for every one of them taken or killed ten guineas, to be paid on producing the savage or his scalp. Proclamation against the Micmac Indians, 2 October, 1749. But the source of this disorder was the undefined state of possession between the European competitors for North America. Meantime, La Galissoniere, having surrendered his government to the more pacific La Jonquiere, repaired to France, to be employed on the commission for adjusting the American boundaries. La Jonquiere, saw the imminent danger of a new war, and like Bedford would have shunned hostilities; but his instructions from the French ministry, although they did not require advances beyond the isthmus, compelled him to attempt confining the English within chap. II.} 1749. the peninsula of Aca
ing duties for any number of years. The authority of parliament must be made use of, and the duties on wine and West India commodities be made general for all North America. The ministry, he added, are not aware of the number of men in North America able to bear arms, and daily in the use of them. It becomes necessary that the cNorth America able to bear arms, and daily in the use of them. It becomes necessary that the colonies be early looked into, in time of peace, and regulated. Compare Clinton to Bedford, 17 Oct., 1749. Same to Lords of Trade, same date. As a source of revenue, William Douglas in Boston, a Scottish physician, publicly proposed a stamp duty upon all instruments used in law affairs. Douglas: Historical and Political SummaIndian nations. On the last day of October, Journals of Gist, printed by Thomas Pownall, in the Appendix to Thomas Pownall's Topographical Description of North America. the bold messenger of civilization parted from the Potomac. He passed through snows over the stony and broken land of the Alleghanies; he halted among the tw
ies, in All the Memorials, &c. Note to page 195. Jasper Mauduit to the Speaker of the Massachusetts Assembly, 12 March, 1763. and, though unsound in its foundation, won for him great praise North Briton, No. 20. for research and ability. He now joined with his colleagues in advising the secretary of state to the immediate occupation of the eastern bank of the Ohio, lest the valley of the beautiful river should be gained by France. Many proposals, too, were made for laying taxes on North America. The Board of Trade had not ceased to be urgent for a revenue with which to fix settled salaries on the Northern governors, and defray the cost of Indian alliances. Persons of consequence, we are told, had repeatedly, and without concealment, expressed undigested notions of raising revenues out of the colonies. Thomas Penn to James Hamilton, 9 January, 1753. Wm. Bollan to Secretary Willard, 10 July, 1752, and 24 May, 1753. Some proposed to obtain them from the post-office, a modific
s province, to an extent that could not easily be imagined. Especially the British ministry had been invited, in 1752, to observe, that, while the consumption of tea was annually increasing in America, the export from England was decreasing. Clinton to Board of Trade, 4 October, 1752. The faction in this province consists chiefly of merchants. Entire disregard of the Laws of Trade. It is not easy to imagine to what an enormous height this transgression of the Laws of Trade goes in North America, &c., &c. N. Y. London Documents, XXX. 43. For the next twenty years, England chap. VI.} 1754. sought for a remedy; and, meantime, the little island of St. Eustatia, a heap of rocks, but two leagues in length by one in breadth, without a rivulet or a spring, gathered in its storehouses the products of Holland, of the Orient, of the world; and its harbor was more and more filled with fleets of colonial trading-vessels, which, if need were, completed their cargoes by entering the French i
revenue; and all the governors received the king's pleasure that a fund be established chap. VII.} 1754. for the benefit of all the colonies collectively in North America. Sir T. Robinson's Circular of 26 Oct., 1754. Men in England expected obedience; but in December, Delancey referred to the general opinion of the congrepracticable to obtain in their respective chap. VII.} 1755. governments the proportion expected by his Majesty towards defraying the expense of his service in North America, they are unanimously of opinion that it should be proposed to his Majesty's ministers to find out some method of compelling them to do it, and of assessing thas Robinson, 14 April, 1755, in the State Paper Office, Am. and W. I. LXXXII. urging the necessity of some tax being laid throughout his Majesty's dominions in North America. Dinwiddie reiterated his old advice. Sharpe recommended that the governor and council, without the assembly, should have power to levy money after any manne
the colony. Of these, a detachment took part in establishing the sovereignty of England in Acadia. That peninsular region—abounding in harbors and in forests; rich in its ocean fisheries and in the product of its rivers; near to a continent that invited to the chase and the fur-trade; having, in its interior, large tracts of alluvial soil—had become dear to its inhabitants, who beheld around them the graves of their ancestors for several generations. It was the oldest French colony in North America. There the Bretons had built their dwellings sixteen years before the Pilgrims reached the shores of New England. With the progress of the respective settlements, sectional jealousies and religious bigotry had renewed their warfare; the off- chap. VIII.} 1755. spring of the Massachusetts husbandmen were taught to abhor Popish cruelties and Popish superstitions; while Roman Catholic missionaries persevered in propagating the faith of their church among the villages of the Abenakis.
d assistance to each other for the future. The Board, in 1697, after considering with their utmost care, could only recommend the appointment of a captain-general of all the forces and all the militia of all the provinces on the continent of North America, with power to levy and command them for their defence, under such limitations and instructions as to his Majesty should seem best; to appoint officers to train the inhabitants; from the Quakers to receive in money chap. IX.} 1756. their shccepted, and their masters were referred for compensation to the respective assemblies; 29 Geo. II., c. XXXV. and the naval code of England was extended to all persons employed in the king's service on the lakes, great waters, or rivers of North America. 29 Geo. II., c. XXVII. The militia law of Pennsylvania was repealed by the king in council; the commissions of all officers elected under it were cancelled; the companies themselves were broken up and dispersed. And while volunteers were
e commanderin-chief; I assert it on my honor, which is the highest evidence you can require; and he resolved to make New York an example for the other colonies and towns. The citizens pleaded in reply their privileges as Englishmen, by the common law, by the petition of right, and by acts of parliament. God damn my blood, was the official answer of the viceroy to the mayor; if you do not billet my officers upon free quarters this day, I'll order here all the troops chap. X.} 1756. in North America under my command, and billet them myself upon the city. So the magistrates got up a subscription for the winter support of officers, who had done nothing for the country but burden its resources. In Philadelphia Loudoun uttered the same menace, and the storm was averted only by an adjustment. The frontier had been left open to the French; this quartering troops in the principal towns at the expense of the inhabitants by the illegal authority of a military chief, was the great result o
defend the common cause against what he called the most powerful and malignant confederacy that ever threatened the independence of mankind. Chatham Corr., i. 226. The contest, which had now spread into both hemispheres, began in America. The English colonies, dragging England into their strife, claimed to advance their frontiers, and to include the great central valley of the continent in their system. The American question, therefore, was, Shall the continued colonization of North America be made under the auspices of chap. XII.} 1757. English Protestantism and popular liberty, or shall the tottering legitimacy of France, in its connection with Roman Catholic Christianity, win for itself new empire in that hemisphere? The question of the European continent was, Shall a Protestant revolutionary kingdom, like Prussia, be permitted to rise up and grow strong within its heart? Considered in its unity, as interesting mankind, the question was, Shall the Reformation, develop
s the cry; no matter with what boundaries. I have not chap XIII.} 1758. lost courage, wrote Montcalm, nor have my troops; we are resolved to find our graves under the ruins of the colony. Pitt, who had carefully studied the geography of North America, knew that the success of Bradstreet had gained the dominion of Lake Ontario and opened the avenue to Niagara; and he turned his mind from the defeat at Ticonderoga, to see if the banner of England was already waving over Fort Duquesne. For secured; the civilization of liberty and commerce and religion was henceforth to maintain the undisputed possession of the Ohio. These dreary deserts, wrote Forbes, will soon be the richest and most fertile of any possessed by the British in North America. On the twenty-eighth, a numerous detachment went to Braddock's field, where their slaughtered comrades, after more than three years, lay yet unburied in the forest. Here and there a skeleton was found resting on the trunk of a fallen tre
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