Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 5, 13th edition.. You can also browse the collection for North America or search for North America in all documents.

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t, they abounded in offices of charity. Often exhibiting the most heartless egoism, they were also easily inflamed, with a most generous enthusiasm. Seemingly lost in profligate sensuality, they were yet capable of contemplative asceticism. To the superficial observer, they were a nation of atheists; and yet they preserved the traditions of their own Bossuet and Calvin, of Descartes and Fenelon. In this most polished and cultivated land,—whose government had just been driven out from North America, whose remaining colonies collectively had but about seventy thousand white persons, whose commerce with the New World could only be a consequence of American Independence,—two opposite powers competed for supremacy; on the one side monarchy, claiming to be absolute; on the other, free thought, which was becoming the mistress of the world. Absolute power met barriers on every side. The arbitrary Central will was circumscribed by the customs and privileges of the provinces, and the in
of Charles Townshend as secretary at war, brought forward the army estimates Journals of the House of Commons, XXIV. 506. for the year, including the proposition of twenty regiments as a standing army for America. The country members would have grudged the expense; but Charles Townshend, with a promptness which in a good cause would have been wise and courageous, explained the plan of the ministry, I understand part of the plan of the army is, and which I very much approve, to make North America pay its own army. Rigby to the Duke of Bedford, 23 February, 1763, in Bedford Correspondence, III. 210. Compare, too, Calvert, resident secretary of Maryland in London, to Horatio Sharpe, deputy governor of Maryland, 1 March, 1763. I am by authority informed that a scheme is forming for establishing 10,000 men, to be British Americans standing force there, and paid by the colonies. that these regiments were, for the first year only, to be supported by England, Jasper Mauduit, agent
t burthensome and most palatable to the colonies, they can contribute towards the support of the additional expense which must attend their civil and military establishment. Secretary Lord Egremont to the Lords of Trade, 5 May, 1763: North America naturally offers itself as the principal object of your lordship's consideration upon this occasion, with regard to which I shall first obey his majesty's commands in proposing to your lordships some general questions, before I proceed to desire you will furnish that information which his majesty expects from your lordships with regard to the North American and Southern parts of this continent, considered separately. The questions which relate to North America in general, are— 1st. What new governments should be established, and what form should be adopted for such new governments? And where the capital or residence of each governor should be fixed? 2dly. What military establishment will be sufficient? What new forts sh
ter of Amherst to Major Gladwin, May, 1763. But Pontiac, the colossal chief of the North West, the king and lord of all that country; Rogers: Account of North America. a Catawba William Smith to H. Gates, 22 November, 1763. Gladwin speaks of the Ottawa Nation as Pontiac's Nation. A less authority than that of Smith migh numbers were rated even so high as twenty-five hundred chap. VII.} 1763. May. souls, of whom five hundred were men able to bear arms, Rogers: Account of North America, 168. When I took possession of the country, soon after the surrender of Canada, they were about 2500 in number, there being near 500 that bore arms, and near st of three or four hundred French families. Craig's Olden Times, 414. yet an enumeration, in 1764, proved them not numerous, Mante's History of the War in North America, 525. with only men enough to form three companies of lnilitia; Ibid, 515. and in 1768 the official census reported but five hundred and seventy-two souls,
the new law to employ the navy to enforce the Navigation Acts. To this end Admiral Colville, Admiral Colville to Lieutenant Governor of New-York. Bernard North America, 11 October, 1763. the naval Commander-in-chief on the coasts of North America, from the river St. Lawrence to Cape Florida and the Bahama Islands, became the North America, from the river St. Lawrence to Cape Florida and the Bahama Islands, became the head of a new corps of revenue officers. Each captain of his squadron had customhouse commissions and a set of instructions from the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty for his guidance; and other instructions were given them by the Admiral to enter the harbors or lie off the coasts of America; to qualify themselves by taking theshend, a native of New-Hampshire, educated at Boston, the same who nearly nine years before had in 1755 foreshadowed the stamp-tax, Huske's Present State of North America, &c., 1755. Of this work there were two English editions in that year, and one in Boston, 82, 83. and had publicly pledged himself to propose I shall humbly
nced to the governor his resignation. If Great Britain can or will suffer such conduct to pass unpunished, thus he wrote to the Commissioners of Stamps, a man need not be a prophet, nor the son of a prophet, to see clearly that her empire in North America is at an end. On Monday, the seventh of October, delegates chosen by the House of Representatives of Massachusetts, of Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and South Carolina; delegates named by a written requisition from the Act to go into effect, Conway, by advice of the Privy Council, sent orders to the American Governors, and to the General, exhorting to persuasive methods, and the utmost prudence and lenity. Conway to Gage; to Bernard; to the Governors of North America. The conduct of America was regulated by the Congress, at New-York. Those who compose it, said Gage, are of various characters and opinions; but in general, the spirit of democracy is strong among them; supporting the independence of the
o the consideration of the state of affairs in America, a resolution to do every thing which the exigency of the case might require. The Earl of Suffolk, a young man of five-and-twenty, proposed to express indignation at the insurrections in North America, and concurrence in measures to enforce the legal obedience of the colonies, and their dependence on the sovereign authority of the kingdom. This amendment prejudged the case, and, if it had been adopted, chap. XX.} 1765. Dec. would have pon of a seat in the representative body, and sends a, member to his constituents as a candidate for re-election; yet Grenville, enraged at seeing authority set at naught with impunity, in reference to an act of his ministry, moved to consider North America as resisting the laws by open and rebellious force, and complained of chap. XX.} 1765. Dec the king's lenity. What would have been thought, said he, in 1745, if any person had called the rebellion of that day an important matter only? Co
h all that Franklin uttered. In answer to questions, Franklin declared that America could not pay the Stamp Tax, for want of gold and silver, and from want of post-roads and means of sending stamps back into the country; that there were in North America about three hundred thousand white men, from sixteen to sixty years of age; that the inhabitants of all the provinces together, taken at a medium, doubled in about twenty-five chap. XXIII.} 1766. Feb. years; that their demand for British ma Britain could not exceed forty thousand pounds; that the balance was paid from remittances to England for American produce, carried to our own islands, or to the French, Spaniards, Danes, and Dutch in the West Indies, or to other colonies in North America, or to different parts of Europe, as Spain, Portugal, and Italy; that these remittances were greatly interrupted by new regulations, and by the English men-of-war and cutters stationed all along the coast in America; that the last war was rea