Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition.. You can also browse the collection for North America or search for North America in all documents.

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did but exercise a discretion of their own, and refused to be guilty of a breach of trust, by imposing heavier burdens than the people could support. Address of the Assembly of New-York to the Governor, delivered 18 Dec. 1766, in Prior Documents, 120; Holt's N. Y. Gazette, 1251, 24 Dec. 1766. This prudent reserve secured unanimity in the Assembly and among their constituents. Gov. Moore to Board of Trade, 19 Dec. 1766, and to Shelburne, 19 Dec. 1766. In New-York as well as over all North America, the Act declaratory of the absolute power of Parliament was met by the principle of the supreme power of the people in all cases whatsoever. Colden to Shelburne, Dec. 1766. Before American affairs engaged the attention of Parliament, the power of Chatham's Ministry was shaken by Camden's indiscretion. On occasion of a scarcity, the Ministry had prohibited the export of corn. Camden defended the measure as not only excusable but legal; and to the complaints of its arbitrariness,
disturb the peace. Executive moderation might still have saved England from a conflict. Undismayed by the disorder in the cabinet, the ill health of Chatham, the factions in a corrupt Parliament, or the unpromising aspect of foreign relations, and impressed with the necessity of giving up trifles that created uneasiness, Richard Jackson to Hutchinson, Jan. 1767. Shelburne proceeded diligently to make himself master of each American Paper indorsed, Things to be considered of in North America, in Lansdowne House Mss. Compare the Justice and Policy of the late Act of Parliament for Quebec, 1774, 17. question, and to prepare its solution. The subject of the greatest consequence was the forming an American fund. To this end, without exercising rigor in respect to quit-rents long due, he proposed to break up the system of forestalling lands by speculators, to require that the engrossing proprietors should fulfil the conditions of their grants, and to make all future grants on
irginia House of Burgesses, from 31 March to 15 April, 1768, p. 55. The petitions of freeholders of the counties of Chesterfield, Henrico, Dinwiddie and Amelia, pointed to the Act of Parliament suspending the legislative power of New-York, as of a tendency, fatal to the liberties of a free people. The county of Westmoreland dwelt also on the new Revenue Act, as well as on the Billeting Act. The freeholders of Prince Williams enumerated all three, which, like the Stamp Act, would shackle North America with slavery. On the seventh, the illustrious Bland reported Resolutions, reaffirming the exclusive right of the American Assemblies to tax the American Colonies; and they were unanimously confirmed. A committee of twelve, including Bland and Archibald Cary, prepared a Petition to the King, a Memorial to the House of Lords, and a Remonstrance to the House of Commons, which, after being carefully considered and amended, were unanimously adopted. On Friday, the fifteenth, Bland invited
Dennys De Berdt, 3 Oct. 1768. and were more than ever determined to relinquish every article that came from Britain, till the obnoxous acts should be repealed and the troops removed. With no hysteric weakness, or feverish excitement, they preserved their peace and patience, leaving the event to God. It was on the banks of the Mississippi, that uncontrolled impulses first unfurled the flag of a Republic. The treaty of Paris left two European Powers sole sovereigns of the continent of North America. Spain, accepting Louisiana with some hesitation, lost France as the bulwark of her possessions, and assumed new expenses and new dangers, with only the negative advantage of keeping the territory from England. Grimaldi to Fuentes, 11 May, 1767; in Gayarre, II. 160. Its inhabitants were of French origin, and loved the land of their ancestry; by every law of nature and human freedom, they had the right to protest against the transfer of their allegiance. No sooner did they hear of th
rests of the Metropolis and its Colonies. The Americans will not lose out of their view their rights and their privileges; and next to fanaticism for religion, the fanaticism for liberty is the most daring in its measures and the most dangerous in its consequences. Choiseul to Du Chatelet, 22 Nov. 1768. It was obvious that the simplest mode of taking part with the colonists would be by a commerce between the French and Spanish Colonies and the British Colonies on the continent of North America; and on this subject Choiseul sent to Du Chatelet Du Chatelet to Choiseul, 18 Nov. 1768. an elaborate digest of all the materials he had collected. But the simple-hearted King of Spain, though he enjoyed the perplexity of England, because it created embarrassments to the natural enemy D'Ossun to Choiseul at the Escurial, 21 November, 1768. of the two Crowns, and secured to France and Spain more time to prepare for contingent events, showed no disposition to interfere. What a pi
recede an ace; for my part, I cannot entertain a thought of repealing the late Acts, and hope nobody will even move it, or so much as wish for it. Not the amount of the duties, which will not be more than ten thousand pounds per annum in all North America, but the principle upon which the laws are founded, is complained of. Legislation and taxation will stand or fall together. The notion of the Americans is a polytheism in politics, absurd, fatal to the constitution, and never to be admitted.ves, Angleterre, T. 485, p. 473. The original is in the series marked Espagne, T. 556. Compare Choiseul to Du Chatelet, 14 March, 1769. The opinion of Spain was deliberately pronounced and sternly adhered to. She divided the continent of North America with England, and loved to see her enemy embarrassed by war with its Colonies; but while she feared England much, she at that early day feared America more; she preferred as a neighbor a dependent Colony to an independent Republic; and Spain
the western extremity of the continent; and to propose opening, by aid of Lakes and Rivers, a passage across the continent, as the best route for communicating with China and the East Indies. Carver's Travels through the interior parts of North America, in the years 1766, 1767, and 1768. Introduction, v. VI. Illinois invited emigrants more than ever; for its aboriginal inhabitants were fast disappearing from the earth. In April, 1769, Pontiac, so long the dreaded enemy of the English,lustrious hunter, had heard Finley, a trader, so memorable Compare J. T. Morehead's Address in commemoration, &c. 16, and Marshall's History of Kentucky, i. 7, 8. as the Pioneer, describe a tract of land west of Virginia, as the richest in North America or in the world. Filson's Discovery, Settlement and Present State of Kentucky, published in 1784, and authenticated by a certificate from Boone and Todd and Harrod. In May 1769, leaving his wife and offspring, having Finley as his pilot,
embly, and Monarchy itself was losing all its halo. The session had passed without the transaction of Sept. any business, when, near the evening of Saturday, the eighth day of September, Hutchinson received the order which had been adopted in July by the King in Council, and which marks the beginning of a system of measures having for their object the prevention of CHAP XLV.} 1770. Sept. American Independence. The harbor of Boston was made the rendezvous of all ships, stationed in North America, and the fortress which commanded it was to be delivered up to such officer as Gage should appoint, Hillsborough to Hutchinson, July, 1770. to be garrisoned by regular troops, and put into a respectable state of defence. Report of the Committee of the Privy Council, to whom the State of the American Colonies was referred, and which was adopted, 6 July, 1770. At the same time Hutchinson received from Gage the direction to surrender up Castle William to Dalrymple. But the Charter of
nd; an order from the King to exempt special individuals from their share of taxation was unconstitutional; the exemption, if submitted to by the Assembly, would have been an acquiescence in an unwarrantable instruction; and a formal recognition of the system of parliamentary taxation. Samuel Adams perceived all the danger, and on the next day, the House replied in his words: We know of no Commissioners of his Majesty's Customs, nor of any revenue his Majesty has a right to establish in North America; we know and feel a tribute levied and extorted from those, who, if they have property, Chap. XLVII.} 1771. July. have a right to the absolute disposal of it. To withhold your assent to this bill, merely by force of instruction, is effectually vacating the Charter and giving instructions the force of laws, within this Province. If such a doctrine shall be established, the representatives of a free people would be reduced to this fatal alternative,—either to have no taxes levied and ra
the thought of obtaining obedience by argument and persuasion. Dartmouth to Hutchinson, 10 April, 1773. The most thorough search was made into every Colonial law that checked or even seemed to check the Slave-trade; and an Act of Virginia, which put no more obstructions upon it, than had existed for a generation, was negatived. Dartmouth to Dunmore, No. 2, 10 April, 1773; Dunmore to Dartmouth, 9 July, 1773. Parliamentary taxation was also to be enforced. The continued refusal of North America to receive tea from England, had brought distress upon the East India Company, which had on hand wanting a Chap. XLIX.} 1773. April. market great quantities imported in the faith that that agreement could not hold. They were able to pay neither their dividends, nor their debts; their stock depreciated nearly one half; and the Government must lose their annual payment of four hundred thousand pounds. The bankruptcies, brought on partly by this means, gave such a shock to credit, as ha
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