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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 166 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 88 0 Browse Search
Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, Louis Agassiz: his life and correspondence, third edition 20 0 Browse Search
C. Edwards Lester, Life and public services of Charles Sumner: Born Jan. 6, 1811. Died March 11, 1874. 12 0 Browse Search
Raphael Semmes, Memoirs of Service Afloat During the War Between the States 10 0 Browse Search
The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman) 10 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 8 0 Browse Search
Abraham Lincoln, Stephen A. Douglas, Debates of Lincoln and Douglas: Carefully Prepared by the Reporters of Each Party at the times of their Delivery. 8 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 8 0 Browse Search
George Ticknor, Life, letters and journals of George Ticknor (ed. George Hillard) 8 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for South America or search for South America in all documents.

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nc.Iron.Lead.Nickel.Silver. Ancient Bronze Sword, Ireland83.505.153.08.35 Ancient Bronze Sword, Thames, England89.699.580.33 Ancient Bronze Axehead, Ireland89.339.190.33 Ancient Bronze Wedge, Ireland94.5.90.1 Ancient Bronze Knife, Amaro, South America95.663.960.37 Coin of Hadrian85.671.1410.85.741.73 Coin of Tacitus91.462.31 Coin of Probus90.682.001.39.612.332.29 Coin of Probus94. Coin of Pompey74.178.47.2916.65 Chinese White Copper (Packfong)40.425.42.631.6 Keirs Metnot readily be classed : acting by grinding, stirring, heat, lixiviation, panning, sluices, centrifugal action, electric action, and by mercurial fumes acting on a falling column of pulverized ore. The patio process has long been in use in South America, and is now employed in Mexico, and now or lately in Nevada. It was invented by Medina in 1557. The materials necessary for the reduction of silver by this process are, magistral, common salt, and mercury. The magistral is made from copper
in countries where copper was plentiful and iron scarce, as in South America and Mexico, the former metal was employed, even when imported ced fire. Balsa. (Nautical.) A raft used on the coast of South America, consisting of two inflated seal-skins, which are fastened togen like basket-work, are used in Hindostan, and in some parts of South America rush baskets capable of holding water are made by the natives. rm, to render the blast continuous, is still used in Europe and South America. The Japanese bellows consists of a box a, with a reciprocat Used by the Barbados Indians of Brazil and other aborigines of South America. A similar contrivance is employed by some of the Malays, by w sit on; these are in common use on the coasts of Hindostan and South America, especially for landing goods and passengers through a heavy su (Boat.) A kind of canoe used in the Southern States and in South America. Bung-start′er. (Coopering.) A flogger. A bat to start
ayer is darkcolored, black in the finer specimens from the West Indies and South America, and pink in other specimens, which are not so highly prized, as being lessmployed, and was used in some instances by the Turks as late as 1827. In South America balls of copper were formerly used, this metal being there, at that period,ng sails by means of an outrigger. They may be seen on the west coast of South America many miles out at sea, carrying Indians employed in fishing. b. The ince Egypt we see the cattle being branded. This is yet the practice in Texas, South America, and elsewhere. The swans in the Thames are marked by nicks on their billsart of the work, ores being brought there from Cornwall, Devonshire, Spain, South America, Australia, Africa, and the United States, and there they are smelted and rnt wild in Hispaniola, in other West India islands, and on the continent of South America, where the natives used it for dresses and fishing-nets. Magellan, in 15
hands, a flat coil of silvered wire is adapted to vibrate over the meshes of the sieve and expel the flour. Flour-sifter. Branching-machine for artificial flowers. Flow′ers, Arti-fi′cial. Ornaments simulating the natural products of the garden; made from wire, gauze, cloth, paper, shavings, wax, shell, feathers, etc. Cutting-punches and scissors are used for shaping; gauffering-presses for stamping into the various graceful shapes and puckers. The feather-flower makers of South America and Mexico had attained great skill in the time of Cortes. Italy led the way in Europe; France followed, and now leads. Fig. 2038 shows a French machine for branching artificial flowers, that is, braiding them or leaves to a stem. The basis of the stems is wire, and two threads of suitable material are laid along this wire to prevent subsequent slipping of the colored thread, which forms the outer covering of the stems. The ends of the short stems of leaves, flowers, buds, and fr
er kinds are used for white and other light shades. The variety of tints is about two hundred. There are ten different sizes, from 5 1/4 to 8, for ladies gloves; thirteen, from 7 1/2 to 11, for gentlemen; and seven, from 5 to 1/4, for misses. Each of these sizes has a corresponding plate which serves as a guide to the cutter. Buckskin or deerskin gloves also form an important article of manufacture. The skins are derived from various parts of the North American continent, from South America, and a few from Europe and Asia. After being limed, fleshed, and unhaired, they are treated with oil in a stamping or pounding mill; the oil is removed by means of soda-ash, with which it forms a soap that is washed out. The skins are then stretched and suppled by rubbing with a stretcher iron or stake, colored with a wash of ocher, and their surfaces smoothed by grinding on a wheel covered with emery and pumice. The gloves are cut out with steel dies, and stitched by a machine. Whe
s tabernacle of the Hebrews. The goat's hair cloth was called shac or sac in Hebrew, Chaldee, and Syriac; in the Septuagint it became saccos; in the Vulgate saccus. The Latin sagum and English sack perpetuate the sound and sense. (See sack.) The nose-bags of the Arabian horses are of goat's hair cloth, and from them they eat their barley habitually. Goat's hair cloth also covers their tents. See also camlet. Horse-hair for the manufacture of hair-cloth is principally derived from South America, and is imported in bales weighing about 1,000 pounds. In the process of manufacture, it is first sorted according to color, and then hackled to get the hairs straight and remove dirt. A number of tufts are then placed between the teeth of two cards, and the longer hairs removed by hand, so as to leave only those of uniform length remaining. It is now ready to be woven or curled, according to quality. Hair is curled by forming it into a rope which is afterwards boiled, and then bak
mometer in the shade indicated 120° Fah. On the west coast of Africa the heat is nearly as great. The men employed in the English expedition to Abyssinia think that Aden is the hottest hole on earth. Burckhardt, in Egypt, and Humboldt, in South America, observed 117° Fah. in the shade. About—70° is the lowest temperature observed by our Arctic navigators. Natterer, a German chemist, obtained—220° Fah. Faraday obtained—166° Fah. Neither succeeded in freezing pure alcohol or ether. Fig sides. The natural world affords several examples of light-carriers. The little fire-fly of the United States, whose common name is rather more than half sublime, lightning-bug, is an example of the flashing. The fire-flies of Italy and of South America, some species of nocturnal moths, and the female glow-worm, have luminous patches on the head, sides of the thorax, or the abdomen. The light is considered phosphorescent, but is urged into activity by a nervous action, probably derive
the ancient Egyptians, as we see by the paintings at Thebes. The Sagartians, a cavalry contingent of the army of Xerxes, used lassoes which end in a noose. — Herodotus, VII. 85. The lasso is seen in the sculptures upon the palace of Asshur-bani-pal, a son of Esarhaddon, which are now in the British Museum. Pausanias states that the Sarmatians used it; Suidas, that it was used by the Parthians. To this list may be added the Huns, the Alani, and among moderns the Pampas Indians of South America. Shoe-last. Last. A foot-shaped block A B placed inside a shoe, to give shape to the upper and hold the parts, which are tacked thereto previous to pegging. F is a last, shown side up to expose the sole, which has a metallic rim around the edge to hold a wooden sole, which may be replaced when worn out. D B is a metallic footshaped anvil for holding boots and shoes while clinching nails. Movable sole-last. Lasts are mentioned by Last-shaped anvil. the Greek auth
of the ground, the relative levels as ascertained by leveling during the progress of the survey, and such other details as are considered advisable, are represented by a peculiar system of shading and by symbols. The map is then ready to be transferred to copper, from which any number of copies may be printed. But a very small portion of the globe comparatively has been surveyed with an accuracy even approaching that above described. Africa, Asia, with the exception of British India, South America, a large part of North America, and even a considerable portion of Europe, afford no better data for the construction of maps than detached astronomical observations at different points and rudely measured or even estimated tables of distances. Points along the sea-coast have, owing to the requirements of commerce, been generally tolerably well determined, but our knowledge of the interior geography of several of the vast continents referred to is based largely upon mere report. Maps
l used in India for cooking, burning, anointing, etc. Elsewhere used in lamps and for making soap. Shea butter or oilBassia parkiiW. AfricaSeeds afford an oil used in Europe for candle and soap making, etc. Souari-nutCaryocar nuciferum, etc.South AmericaContains a sweet oil. Much used in South America. SunflowerHelianthus annuusEurope, etcSeed yields an oil. Used in making fancy soaps, etc. Tallow (vegetable).Pentadesma butyraSierra LeoneTallow, a term often applied to solid fatty substancSouth America. SunflowerHelianthus annuusEurope, etcSeed yields an oil. Used in making fancy soaps, etc. Tallow (vegetable).Pentadesma butyraSierra LeoneTallow, a term often applied to solid fatty substances obtained from plants. That produced from the seeds of the Stillingia sebifera is used for candles by the Chinese. Stillingia sebiferaChina Bassia butyraceaeN. India WalnutJuglans regia, etcEurope and AmericaAn oil often sold as nut-oil. Used in the arts and to adulterate other oils. Wax (bees)Beeswax, although not strictly a vegetable production, is primarily derived from the pollen of flowers Wax (insect)Fraxinus sinensisChinaA kind of wax deposited by an insect, the coccus pe-la, on
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