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Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 1, chapter 2 (search)
Lydia three stages,staqmo/s = lit. a stopping-place, hence a day's journey. a distance of twenty-two parasangs,A Persian measure of distance, equivalent to 30 Greek stadia, or about 3.3 English miles. to the Maeander river. The width of this river was two plethra,The plethrum = about 97 English feet. and there was a bridge over it made of seven boats.
After crossing the Maeander he marched through Phrygia one stage, a distance of eight parasangs, to Colossae, an inhabitedMany of the cities of Asia were then, as now, deserted. city, prosperous and large. There he remained seven days; and MenonWho had been sent by Aristippus (see 1 above). the Thessalian arrived, with a thousand hoplites and five hundred peltasts, consisting of Dolopians, Aenianians, and Olynthians.
Thence he marched three stages, twenty parasangs, to Celaenae, an inhabited city of Phrygia, large and prosperous. There Cyrus had a palace and a large park full of wild animals, which he used to hunt on horseback whenever he
Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 5, chapter 3 (search)
or the gods; and the portion that fell to Cheirisophus was given to Neon the Asinaean.
As for Xenophon, he caused a votive offering to be made out of Apollo's share of his portion and dedicated it in the treasury of the Athenians at Delphi, inscribing upon it his own name and that of Proxenus, who was killed with Clearchus;Xen. Anab. 2.5. for Proxenus was his friend.Xen. Anab. 3.1.4-10.
The share which belonged to Artemis of the Ephesians he left behind, at the time when he was returning from Asia with Agesilaus to take part in the campaign against Boeotia,In 394 B.C., ending in the hard-fought battle of Coronea, at which Xenophon was present. cp. Xen. Hell. 4.2.1-8, Xen. Hell. 4.3.1-21. in charge of Megabyzus, the sacristan of Artemis, for the reason that his own journey seemed likely to be a dangerous one; and his instructions were that in case he should escape with his life, the money was to be returned to him, but in case any ill should befall him, Megabyzus was to cause to be made
Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 7, chapter 1 (search)
nd the whole course of their doings while they were travelling on, by land and water, from the Euxine, until they got beyond its mouth, arriving at Chrysopolis, in Asia.]
After this Pharnabazus, in fear that the Greek army might carry on a campaign against his own land, sent to Anaxibius, the admiral, who chanced to be at Byzantium, and asked him to carry the army acrossThe Bosporus. Chrysopolis was directly opposite Byzantium. out of Asia, promising to do everything for him that might be needful.
Anaxibius accordingly summoned the generals and captains to Byzantium, and gave them promises that if they crossed over, the soldiers would have regular pay.
Theevenue, accruing at home or coming in from our foreign possessions, of not less than a thousand talents; we ruled over all the islands, we possessed many cities in Asia, in Europe we possessed among many others this very city of Byzantium also, where we now are,—and we were vanquished, in the way that all of you remember.
Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 7, chapter 2 (search)
er of the entire army; and Timasion was eager to cross back again to Asia, for he thought that in this way he could accomplish his return homerinthus,On the European shore of the Propontis. to take it across to Asia with all speed; he also gave him a thirty-oared warship and a letterllow his lead at once, with the idea of crossing over from Thrace to Asia.
Meanwhile Seuthes, upon hearing of Xenophon's arrival, sent Medosadss, but came to the camp and told the soldiers not to pass over into Asia.
Xenophon replied, “Anaxibius so ordered, and sent me here for that es. For he saw that it was not safe for them to try to cross over to Asia when the man who intended to prevent their passage possessed triremehat I make every effort on your behalf to bring the army across from Asia, and with the promise that if I should do this, you would treat me wyou were going to Perinthus and intended to cross over from there to Asia.”
“Well, then,” said Xenophon, “at this moment I am here myself,
Xenophon, Anabasis (ed. Carleton L. Brownson), Book 7, chapter 6 (search)
you to come to him, I did not try to do that, as you know for yourselves. Instead, I led you to a place from which I thought you could most speedily cross over to Asia; for I believed that this course was the best one for you and I knew it was the one you desired.
But when Aristarchus came with his triremes and prevented our sailty the means you had with which to buy;
yet you were compelled to remain upon the Thracian coast, for over against you lay triremes that prevented your crossing to Asia; and remaining there, you were of necessity in a hostile country, where there were many horsemen opposed to you and many peltasts;
as for ourselves, we had a force, you have not had to see any of your number slain nor have you lost any men alive.
And if any glorious deed was earlier performed by you against the barbarians in Asia, have you not at the same time kept that secure and likewise gained other glory besides in the present, by vanquishing, in addition, the Thracians in Europe agains