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James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Introduction — the Federal Navy and the blockade (search)
e first blockader in the South Atlantic The towering masts of this fine sailing frigate arrived in Pensacola Harbor on April 12, 1861, the day Fort Sumter was fired upon. With the Brooklyn, she landed reenforcements at Fort Pickens. On May 13th, Captain H. A. Adams of the Sabine issued notice of the blockade at Pensacola, the first Atlantic port to be thus closed. The Sabine, like her prototypes, the United States and the Constitution, mounted 44 guns. She sailed on the expedition to Paraguay in 1858-9, and became one of the first ships of the old navy to see active service in the Civil War. She served in Admiral Du Pont's squadron on the expedition to Port Royal in November, 1861. Her commander on that expedition was Captain Cadwalader Ringgold. It was largely due to the heroic efforts of his officers and crew that 650 marines were saved from drowning when the transport Governor foundered on the 3d. In February, 1862, when the new-fangled Monitor, the latest Yankee notion in
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 23: the fall of 1864 (search)
r horses now down in the mud and unable to rise. Grant had left Appomattox on the 10th, after a call of courtesy on Gen. Lee, in which he had suggested that Lee might serve the cause of peace by a visit to N. C., where he might see President Davis and Gen. Johnston. But Lee felt that the surrender had made him but a private citizen and without authority, and he naturally avoided even the appearance of wishing to interfere, and declined to go. At that time Brazil was going to war with Paraguay, and, fearing that I might find difficulty in getting employment as a civilian and being already so far on my way, I determined, before returning to Ga., to go to Washington, D. C., and interview the Brazilian minister as to the chances of a position in the Brazilian army. So from Appomattox I started on April 12 for Washington, sending my horses to Ga., by friends, and joining a mixed party of Federals and Confederates riding to Burkesville, where we could take a train. The party had an
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nuñez 1490-1560 (search)
These four lived for several years among the Indians, and, escaping, made their way to the Spanish settlements in northern Mexico in the spring of 1536. In the following year Cabeza, de Vaca returned to Spain; in 1540 was appointed governor of Paraguay; in 1543 explored the upper Paraguay River, and in 1544 was deposed by the colonists and afterwards imprisoned and sent to Spain. After trial he was sentenced to be banished to Africa, but was subsequently recalled, granted many favors by the King, and was made judge of the Supreme Court of Seville. He published two works, one relating to his experiences in Florida, and the other to his administration in Paraguay, both of which are of considerable historical value, and have been published in various languages. He died in Seville, some time after 1560. The journey through New Mexico. The following is his narrative of his journey through New Mexico in 1535-36, from his Relation: We told these people that we desired to go wher
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabot 1476-1557 (search)
essel, in 1517, to seek for a northwest passage to India; but he unsuccessfully fought the ice-pack at Hudson Bay and was foiled. The successor of Ferdinand invited Cabot to Spain and made him chief pilot of the realm. He was employed by Spanish merchants to command an expedition to the Spice Islands by way of the then newly discovered Strait of Magellan; but circumstances prevented his going farther than the southeast coast of South America, where he discovered the rivers De la Plata and Paraguay. His employers were disappointed, and, resigning his office into the hands of the Spanish monarch, he returned to England in his old age, and was pensioned by the King. After the death of Henry VIII. the boy King, Edward VI., made Cabot grand pilot of England; but Queen Mary neglected him, and allowed that eminent navigator and discoverer of the North American continent to die in London in comparative poverty and obscurity at the age of eighty years. His cheerful temperament was manifest
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Diplomatic service. (search)
ster Plenipotentiary, Tokio. Korea. Horace N. Allen, Minister Resident and Consul-General, Seoul. Liberia. Owen L. W. Smith, Minister Resident and Consul-General, Monrovia. Mexico. Powell Clayton, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Mexico. Netherlands. Stanford Newel, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, The Hague. Nicaragua and Salvador. William L. Merry, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, San Jose. (See Costa Rica.) Paraguay and Uruguay. William R. Finch, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Montevideo. Persia. Herbert W. Bowen, Minister Resident and Consul-General, Teheran. Peru. Irving B. Dudley, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Lima. Portugal. John N. Irwin, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Lisbon. Russia. Charlemagne Tower, Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, St. Petersburg. Siam. Hamilton King, Minister Resid
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jouett, James Edward 1828- (search)
Jouett, James Edward 1828- Naval officer; born in Lexington, Ky., Feb. 27, 1828. He entered the navy as midshipman in 1841; fought in the war with Mexico, and graduated at the United States Naval Academy in 1847. He went with the expedition to Paraguay and served in the Berriby war. Later he was promoted passed midshipman and in 1855 became master and lieutenant. In 1861 he destroyed the Confederate war vessel Royal Yacht, in Galveston Harbor, while in command of the frigate Santee. For this exploit he was given command of the Montgomery. On July 16, 1862, he was promoted to lieutenant-commander. In 1864 when the entrance to Mobile Bay was forced he took a conspicuous part. In 1866 he was promoted commander; in 1874, captain; in 1883, commodore; in 1886, rear-admiral; and in 1890 was retired. He had charge of the operations on the Isthmus of Panama in 1885 and succeeded in obtaining a free transit across the isthmus and in restoring peace between the rebels and the govern
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), MacOMBmb, Alexander 1782- (search)
nd a gold medal from Congress. On the death of General Brown, in 1835, General Macomb was appointed general-in- chief of the armies of the United States, which post he held at the time of his death, in Washington, D. C., June 25, 1841. His remains were interred, with military honors in the congressional cemetery, Washington, and over them stands a beautiful white marble monument, prop- MacOMBmb's monument. erly inscribed. He was author of a treatise on Martial law and courts-martial (see Plattsburg, battle of). His son, William Henry (born, June 16, 1818; died, Aug. 12, 1872), entered the navy, as midshipman, in 1834; was engaged against the forts in China in 1856, and in the expedition to Paraguay in 1859, in which he commanded the Metacomet. In the Civil War he was active on the Mississippi and on the coast of North Carolina, attaining the rank of commodore in 1862. In 1869 he commanded the steamship Plymouth, in the European squadron, and was light-house inspector in 1871.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treaties. (search)
, 1857 Nicaragua: Treaty of Friendship, commerce, navigationManaguaJune 21, 1867 Convention of ExtraditionManaguaJune 25, 1870 Orange Free State: Convention of Friendship, commerce, extraditionBloemfonteinDec. 22, 1871 Ottoman Empire: Treaty of Commerce and navigationConstantinopleFeb. 25, 1862 Foreign Power and Object of Treaty.Where Concluded.Date Ottoman Empire-Continued: Convention of ExtraditionConstantinopleAug. 11, 1874 Ottoman Porte: Treaty of Friendship***May 7, 1830 Paraguay: Convention of Friendship, commerce, navigationAsuncionFeb. 4, 1859 Persia : Treaty of Friendship and commerceConstantinopleDec. 13, 1856 Peru: Convention of Peru to pay claims of $300,000LimaMar. 17, 1841 Treaty of Friendship, commerce, navigationLimaJuly 26, 1851 Convention of Rights of neutrals at seaLimaJuly 22, 1856 Convention of ClaimsLimaDec. 20, 1862 Convention of ClaimsLimaJan. 12, 1863 Convention of Adjustment of claimsLimaDec. 4, 1868 Treaty of Friendship, commerce, na
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
dies in Washington, D. C.......March 23, 1890 Louisville tornado......March 27, 1890 Australian ballot system successfully introduced at a State election in Rhode Island......April 2, 1890 Samuel J. Randall, born 1828, dies at Washington, D. C.......April 13, 1890 McKinley tariff bill introduced from the committee on ways and means......April 16, 1890 Pan-American conference, in which was represented Haiti, Nicaragua, Peru, Guatemala, Colombia, Argentine Republic, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Brazil, Honduras, Mexico, Bolivia, United States, Venezuela, Chile, San Salvador, and Ecuador, adjourns......April 19, 1890 John C. Fremont placed on the army retired list, with the rank of major-general, by act of April 19; approved......April 21, 1890 Pan-electric suit decided by the Supreme Court in favor of ex-Attorney-General Garland......April 21, 1890 Congress appropriates $150,000 for relief of sufferers from floods on the Mississippi......April 25, 1890 Act passed to p
habitants. A German authority, Von Bibra, in his Preface to Die narkotischen Genuss-Mittel und der Mensch (Man and the Use of Narcotics), assumes the following: Coffee leaves, in the form of infusions, are used by 2,000,000 of human beings; Paraguay tea is consumed by 10,000,000; coca by as many; betel is chewed by 100,000,000; chicory, either pure or mixed with coffee, by 40,000,000; cacao, either as chocolate or in some other form, by 50,000,000; 300,000,000 eat or smoke hashish; 400,000,water. Fine-cut tobacco-machine. In the city of Mexico, tobacco-pipes of various forms and grotesque shapes are dug up from time to time. The mound-builders were inveterate smokers. — Squier; Davis. c. When the Spaniards landed in Paraguay, in 1503, the chewing natives spurted the juice toward them. Pizarro found tobacco-chewers in Peru. Masticatories were used anciently in Europe. Plutarch says that the chewing of mallows is very wholesome, and the stalk of asphodel very l
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